LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:
For years, one of the safest things to do with money was to put it in a savings account or a CD. Today, not so much. Yields are so low that savings stashed away in these accounts lose value to inflation. NPR's Uri Berliner has been watching some of his own savings dwindle. In a series we're calling Dollar For Dollar, he tries to put some of that money to work.
URI BERLINER, BYLINE: I decided to take $5,000 from savings to explore various types of investments. Believe me, there are plenty of them out there.
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UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: One of Money Week's favorite investments is the exchange traded fund.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: And in this video I want to talk to you about your journey as a real estate investor.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: Silver actually makes the better investment.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #3: Investors worldwide are creating a global stamped and investing their money in Brazil.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: I never thought I'd be spending this much time in parking garages. But to invest in that area you have to.
BERLINER: These kinds of pitches may not be your idea of fun. But to be a saver?
JACOB KIRKEGAARD: Oh, it's absolutely miserable.
BERLINER: That's Jacob Kirkegaard of the Peterson Institute for International Economics. Since the financial crisis, savings accounts have offered a negative yield, another way of saying your money there shrivels, losing value to inflation. Kierkegaard says this is a freakish situation, last experienced during the Great Depression.
KIRKEGAARD: We haven't seen a sustained period where interest rates have been this negative for this long. This is a truly unprecedented situation.
BERLINER: When Kirkegaard says, this negative, here's what he means. The average yield, or interest rate, on a savings account at a major bank is 0.1 percent, according to Bankrate.com. Inflation is running at 1.7 percent. Do the math there. It's a lousy deal for savers. For more than four years, the Federal Reserve has tried to revive the economy by getting credit flowing more energetically. In pursuit of that goal, the Fed has kept interest rates at nearly zero percent.
Kierkegaard says that's why yields are so skimpy on savings accounts.
KIRKEGAARD: So you can say that savers and the return that savers earn on their money is kind of a collateral damage in the crisis management conducted by the federal reserve and other central banks.
BERLINER: My wife and I have a kid in college, a mortgage, and I put money into my retirement plan. Anything left over goes into family savings. And yes, it's kind of frustrating to see that money chipped away by inflation. It's far worse for someone on a fixed income - who pays for food, rent and medical expenses out of savings.
Now, I've got $5,000 to work with here. So I stopped in to see Nessa Feddis. She's a senior vice president at the American Bankers Association. I asked her to make the best case for the savings account.
NESSA FEDDIS: Bank accounts are FDIC insured. That means that no matter what happens to the institution - if the bank fails - no matter what happens to the economy, the customer's money is safe, up to $250,000.
BERLINER: What else have you got?
FEDDIS: There's a convenience to having a savings account in the same institution where the customer's checking account is.
BERLINER: Convenience and FDIC guarantees are fine. But with the Fed expected to keep record low rates for a few a while longer, there's not much hope those savings will grow. So I'm taking some of that money out and putting it to work. In the stock market?
FEDDIS: They've got the U.S. broad market ETF. So that's also a very low expense ratio and it includes everything in the U.S. market.
BERLINER: In bulk purchases, at a discount store, as a hedge against inflation.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #3: Cash, if you can spare it, to convert your cash into real goods whose price is rising, that's not a bad idea.
BERLINER: In what can broadly be defined as real estate.
I'm inside a five by five foot self-storage unit in Bethesda, Maryland.
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BERLINER: Each of these investments has its own type of risk. They could lose value. But they could also come out ahead, which is something that can't be said now for the money I have parked in savings.
Uri Berliner, NPR News
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