ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:
Woody Guthrie's relationship with his home state has always been complicated. The singer-songwriter left Oklahoma and traveled the nation, composing some of the best-known songs of his time, and our time. But to many there, his progressive political views didn't fit with the state's strong conservative streak.
As Kurt Gwartney of member station KGOU reports, that could change as Oklahoma opens his archives.
KURT GWARTNEY, BYLINE: The Woody Guthrie center in Tulsa owes its existence to the re-discovery of a grave.
NORA GUTHRIE: My grandmother's name is Nora Belle, and that's who I'm named after. And we had never known all these years where her gravesite was.
GWARTNEY: Several years ago, out of the blue, Nora Guthrie received a telephone call from a nurse who had worked at the State Hospital for the Insane in Norman, Oklahoma, where Woody's mother spent the last three years of her life. The nurse told Nora where to find the plot.
GUTHRIE: It was a very moving experience for me. I was able to call my aunt, Mary Jo, who lives here in Oklahoma, Woody's little sister. And they were able to have a formal service at her gravesite.
GWARTNEY: Nora had overseen her father's collection in Mount Kisco, New York since before the archives opened in the 1990s. More than 10,000 items, including typed song lyrics, scribbled notes, illustrations for children's songs, recordings, photos and sketches that he used in his autobiography "Bound for Glory," are all now housed at the new center in Tulsa.
Tiffany Colannino is an archivist for the Woody Guthrie Foundation. She stands near a curved wall of etched 8-by-10 metal plates of some of Guthrie's drawings.
TIFFANY COLANNINO: And if we look at one or two in particular, what we see off the bat, a lot of artwork from "Bound for Glory." But we also see some political cartoons: I'm too sober to foreclose on a widow. Cartoons that appeared in the '30s in L.A. when he was a journalist writing for Los Angeles newspapers.
(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "I AIN'T GOT NO HOME")
WOODY GUTHRIE: (Singing) My brothers and my sisters, they're stranded on this road, a hot and dusty road that a million feet have trod. Rich man took my home and drove me from my door, and I ain't got no home in this world anymore.
GWARTNEY: Woody's support for the downtrodden in his songs, along with his regular column in The Daily Worker, a communist newspaper, did not endear him back home. But the Oklahoma Historical Society's Bob Blackburn downplays Guthrie's leftist leanings.
BOB BLACKBURN: Well, a lot of people identified him with the communist movement of the 1950s, when yet, he was on the fringe of the cultural part of it but never on the political side.
GWARTNEY: It wasn't until the 1990s that his hometown of Okemah fully embraced its most famous son with a folk festival on Woody's birthday. Then in 2011, Oklahoma's George Kaiser Family Foundation, as part of its efforts to bring the state's history back home, purchased the archives.
GUTHRIE: My mom had preserved everything and packed everything up in boxes when my dad died. And she had always had this dream of wouldn't be nice if there was a place. I mean, she didn't dream it would be like this, 'cause this is pretty classy...
GUTHRIE: You know, high-techie stuff.
GWARTNEY: The 12,000-square-foot facility sits on a corner of an arts district in an area of Tulsa, that itself was disparaged. The centerpiece inside is a special glass case holding the handwritten version of "This Land Is Your Land," which up until now was generally unavailable for public view.
(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND")
GUTHRIE: (Singing) There was a big high wall there that tried to stop me. Sign was painted, it said private property. But on the backside it didn't say nothing. This land was made for you and me.
GWARTNEY: A few steps away, a concrete-walled room contains the material Nora Guthrie had supervised in New York, all carefully catalogued and preserved.
(SOUNDBITE OF TYPING)
GWARTNEY: It's surprising that recorded works make up only a small part of the collection. More than 5,000 pages of unpublished Woody Guthrie manuscript material sits on the gray shelves, with his painted and decorated notebooks, where typed lyrics are pasted on the pages. For Nora Guthrie, the return of these significant works by her father to his home state is more than a restoration of Woody Guthrie's reputation in Oklahoma. It's recognition of his roots.
GUTHRIE: It's just kind of like a pebble, the ripples just keep going out and out and out, as he traveled around. But the actual foundation of who he is and what he cared about began here in Oklahoma. And I think that says a lot about the state itself.
GWARTNEY: Oklahomans can now make up their own minds about their feelings toward the worker's friend who spent his life chronicling theirs.
For NPR news, I'm Kurt Gwartney in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR's programming is the audio.