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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

The Tony Awards are tonight and Broadway will be celebrating many of its splashiest new shows. Part of what makes the razzle-dazzle is all of the costumes and they require a battalion of workers in a highly choreographed backstage ballet. It's not just to keep the actors looking good, but to help them change outfits almost instantaneously.

Jeff Lunden reports.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "MAGIC TO DO")

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: (Singing) Join us, leave your field to flower. Join us, leave your cheese to sour. Join us, come and waste an hour or two. Doo-dlee-do...

JEFF LUNDEN, BYLINE: Two and a half hours before the actors and acrobats of the Broadway revival of "Pippin" take the stage, deep in the bowels of the Music Box Theatre the costume department is already busy at work - sewing, washing, hanging up costumes, putting clothes and shoes into baskets.

Wardrobe supervisor Meghan Carsella says the costumes at "Pippin" take quite a beating.

MEGHAN CARSELLA: They're worn for long periods of time - taken on, taken off - and people are on trapeze in them and sliding down poles, and sliding along the floor and getting thrown. So that's the hardest part is just to try to make them look how they came.

LUNDEN: Carsella supervises a team of 17 helping Tony-nominated designer Dominique Lemieux 90 costumes for "Pippin" look good. The show, about the son of Charlemagne, is told by a traveling troupe of circus performers so Lemieux has created costumes that have a kind of timeless feel.

DOMINIQUE LEMIEUX: I add the circus. I add the medieval. I add the contempore. And you have the acrobatic aspect. You have the musical and the choreographic aspect, too. There was many aspect in this show - all blend together.

LUNDEN: For Lemieux, who has designed many shows for Cirque du Soleil, there are some tricks to make her costumes both flexible for the acrobatics and durable for the long haul.

LEMIEUX: I use a lot of Lycra. It saved my life very often. If you have a fabric that is not elastic, you can mix some part with Lycra, and it will make a pair of pant that look very ordinary fabric - mix the Lycra in some part, it become magic.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "MAGIC TO DO")

CHORUS: (Singing) We got magic to do. We've got miracle plays to play...

LUNDEN: Over at the Broadway Theatre, where "Cinderella" is playing, there is a lot of costume magic - literally. Twice in the show "Cinderella", played by Tony-nominated actress Laura Osnes, changes from her peasant rags into a beautiful ball gown right in front of the audience's eyes.

Are you involved in her magic?

TAMMY KOPKO: I'm completely involved in the magic.

(LAUGHTER)

KOPKO: I am the magic - no, I'm kidding.

(LAUGHTER)

LUNDEN: One magician is Osnes' dresser Tammy Kopko, who helps rig William Ivey Long's Tony-nominated costumes, and is just offstage to help the actress make her jaw-dropping onstage transformations. At his studio in downtown New York, the designer showed me his costume sketches.

WILLIAM IVEY LONG: All the changes are done by a magic wand spinning her around. So I tried to include the spinning in all these sketches, so you constantly saw movement. And doesn't that sort of look like you're whipping up a meringue?

LUNDEN: Yeah.

LONG: Well, anyway, I hope that's what it looks like. Looks like it tastes like a meringue, her dress at the ball, doesn't it? All egg whites.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "MAGIC TO DO")

LAURA OSNES: (Singing) Impossible, for a plain yellow pumpkin to become a golden carriage, impossible...

LUNDEN: William Ivey Long has designed 330 separate costumes for "Cinderella": peasant clothes, knights in armor, beautiful ball gowns.

LONG: It's a fairy tale. In fact, that's the period - fairytale.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "MAGIC TO DO")

OSNES: (Singing) Impossible...

LUNDEN: And he says it all has to be designed to be changed very quickly.

LONG: A quick change is four seconds. A fast change is, like, 15 seconds. If you have a whole minute, in the old days, you could smoke two cigarettes after you've got that under your cuff. Because a minute is, like, glorious. Well, now think about it. You can't get dressed in the morning in a minute, right?

(LAUGHTER)

LONG: So these are professionals. Every ensemble member is a major pro.

LUNDEN: There are 30 cast members in "Cinderella" and 30 more people who work exclusively on wardrobe. Dresser Kopko says during the show, it's kind of organized chaos.

KOPKO: What is choreographed onstage is choreographed backstage - where you shouldn't be, where you should be. And you're dodging balls, because it's a well-oiled machine. It's quite fascinating when you have 15 people back here, just passing right, left, up, down, you know, carrying big dresses; set pieces coming in.

LUNDEN: Once the show starts, Kopko is constantly in motion to help Laura Osnes change costumes in the wings. And sometimes she has to improvise and fix things on the fly.

KOPKO: Actually, one of her costumes did come apart and at the last minute. I was like oh, my God. And I literally grabbed a hairpin and I re-rigged it. Literally, she was running, coming offstage to change. I had it in my hand and I was like, whew. So you have to be quick on your toes.

LUNDEN: Designer William Ivey Long, who's already got five Tony Awards on his shelf, loves the whole process of creating and maintaining costumes for Broadway; making polyester look like silk and having a whole chorus change from peasants to noblemen in a minute.

LONG: It's fascinating. It's like total science. It's a total art. And altogether, you're not supposed to know any of this has happened. You, the audience member - except you really do.

LUNDEN: For NPR News, I'm Jeff Lunden in New York.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

MARTIN: If you're curious about all those Tony-nominated costumes and want to see some pictures, go to our website, npr.org.

(SOUNDBITE OF THEME MUSIC)

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