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FARAI CHIDEYA, host:

From NPR News, This is NEWS AND NOTES. I'm Farai Chideya. Many political pundits thought that the presidential primaries would be over effectively by this point, that the rush by many states to hold their contests early would decide the nominees quickly. That hasn't turned out to be the case. In fact, for the Democratic party, there's been the exact opposite effect. The race has tightened over time, and the people who may have the most influence are the late-voting states and the superdelegates.

Hundreds of Democratic-elected officials and party leaders hold superdelegate status, among them, the members of the Congressional Black Caucus. Representative James Clyburn of South Carolina is the Majority Whip in the U.S. House of Representatives. He hasn't stated a preference for either candidate. He joins us now. Representative Clyburn, welcome.

Representative JAMES CLYBURN (Democrat, South Carolina; Majority Whip): Thank you so much for having me.

CHIDEYA: So your state, South Carolina, was pivotal in the race, and its Democratic Primary was called informally by some folks, the black primary, because black voters made up more than 40 percent of the Democratic electorate. So this was a moment also when comments by former president Bill Clinton helped to activate the issue of race directly in the campaign. And Barack Obama won your state. You have remained studiously neutral. Where are you today?

Rep. CLYBURN: I still remain studiously neutral. I think that the historical significance of so-called superdelegates - these are unpledged delegates - is very, very important for us to maintain. We are in place in order to either extend the wishes of the voters or to try to make corrections if they need to be made.

CHIDEYA: Our contributor, Donna Brazile, who's also a long time Democratic Party insider, ran the presidential campaign of former Vice President Al Gore, has said she will just up and leave the Democratic Party if the superdelegates are used to broker a convention, and that it's not the committed delegates who've come as a part of the voting process who get to make the decision. How do you react to that, someone who is so passionate about the Democratic Party but is absolutely against the superdelegates deciding?

Rep. CLYBURN: She's in a big club, a club that I think would be overflowing at their meetings if that were to happen. I don't think anything like that will come close to being - to happening. Here's the deal. We all know the Democrats we have, what we call proportional voting. So if we have votes in these primaries that are proportional. And then you get to the end of the process and you're still not at the magic number of 20/25 - which will be 50 percent plus one - what do you do? Well, that's when the superdelegates step in. They step in to extend the voter's will, not to reverse it.

CHIDEYA: But even if someone has that magic number, the superdelegates could throw it the other way. It's…

Rep. CLYBURN: No. That's not what I said. I said they will not reverse it. I'm saying the superdelegates will step in to extend the will of the people. So you cannot…

CHIDEYA: So it could happen, it could happen mathematically, but you're saying you don't think it will happen?

Rep. CLYBURN: No. That's not what we are. We are here to do for the national Democratic Party what the United States Congresspeople ought to do.

CHIDEYA: Congressman, let me ask you, just on a personal level - former president Bill Clinton is calling people. Senator Clinton is calling people. Senator Obama is calling people. Have any of those individuals called you recently and asked for your support as a superdelegate?

Rep. CLYBURN: I don't think I've talked to President Clinton - yes, we did talk a week after the South Carolina primary. I have not talked to him since then. I have not talked to Senator Clinton since the primary. I'm trying to think. I may have talked to Obama. I've talked to all of their people. But I've not talked to them personally.

CHIDEYA: Give me an example of something that one of the candidates has said -and you don't have to say which - one the candidates' proxies or supporters have said to try to swing you one way or the other.

Rep. CLYBURN: Oh they remind me of the voters did in my Congressional district, and wanting to know whether or not I'm ready to reflect the will of my Congressional district to further Obama's interests, and there's some people want to know that, to see whether or not I've got enough guts to vote the other way. And I can tell you, I do have enough guts to vote the other way if I thought that was in the necessary - if that was in the interests of nationalizing our party. And I think that's what my voters would want me to do.

You know, a lot of things can change after the primary. I don't know why people keep dealing with that. Next week, something might jump out that's serious and even that would cause some of the people to rethink how they cast their votes on February the 5th. We already have people who are superdelegates who are now rethinking their commitments that they made two or three months ago, so -because the circumstances have changed.

CHIDEYA: Speaking of which, Representative John Lewis of Georgia endorsed Senator Clinton and recently the New York Times said he had moved his support to Senator Obama. He is saying that that is not what he said. But they quoted him saying, "Something is happening in America and people are prepared and ready to make that great leap." He's, again, saying he is not casting his superdelegate vote for Senator Obama, but he is reassessing the situation. Does that show the huge amount of pressure that's particularly on members of the Congressional Black Caucus, who've been split in their endorsements?

Rep. CLYBURN: Well, yes, that's true. Congressman David Scott, who represents the Congressional district adjacent to John's has flat out switched. He said -made it very clear. He is switching to reflect the will of his voters. I think that Obama got 80 percent in his district. I've read that two other superdelegates have now saying they are moving to the uncommitted column who had previously committed to Senator Clinton, and another one has since switched.

Remember, a lot of these people made their commitments 10 months ago, even a year ago, when everybody was getting ready for a coronation. They're now seeing there's not going to be a coronation. So everybody are adjusting in order to reflect what their current emotions are.

CHIDEYA: Do you think this whole issue of who gets to decide could tear the party apart, as opposed to uniting it?

Rep. CLYBURN: It could just as soon unit it, too. Yes, it could. This is a very, very unusual election year, and nobody could have anticipated any of what has happened.

CHIDEYA: Well, Congressman, we thank you so much for your time.

Rep. CLYBURN: Well, thank you so much for having me.

CHIDEYA: Representative James Clyburn of South Carolina is the Majority Whip of the U.S. House of Representatives.

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