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DAVID GREENE, HOST:

This is MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. I'm David Greene.

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

And I'm Renee Montagne. And on this July 4th, as we do every Independence Day, we present the Declaration of Independence, this year read by visitors to the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

STEWART MERRIAM: (Reading) When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station in which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them.

DARWIN DANKS: (Reading) A decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

EMAAN KHAN: (Reading) We hold these truths to be self-evident...

MILDRED COBBINAH: (Reading) ...that all men are created equal...

JEAN HEBERT: (Reading) ...that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights...

DANKS: (Reading) ...that among these are Life...

MERRIAM: (Reading) ...Liberty...

TED CAI: (Reading) ...and the pursuit of Happiness.

COBBINAH: (Reading) That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their powers from the consent of the governed.

KHAN: (Reading) That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it...

CAI: (Reading) ...and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.

MARYAM SAIF: (Reading) Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.

MICHAEL DUBBERLY: (Reading) But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.

NADINE POURIER-BLUMENSHINE: (Reading) Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government.

TIMOTHY JON EATON: (Reading) The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

KARA MILTON: (Reading) He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good. He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

THOMAS HORSLEY: (Reading) He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

DIXIE BLUMENSHINE: (Reading) He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

CAMERON MILTON: (Reading) He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

DALLAM MASTERSON: (Reading) He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

JAMES O'HALLORAN: (Reading) He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

ALLYSSA WARNER: (Reading) He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

MASTERSON: (Reading) He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance.

MELINDA BURKE: (Reading) He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures. He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.

KEVIN YARN: (Reading) He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation.

JEANNE GREENWALD: (Reading) For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States: For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent.

STEVEN LEE: (Reading) For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury.

MARCIA HAYES: (Reading) For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences, For abolishing the free System of English Laws in our neighboring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these colonies.

JOHN MCAVOY: For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments; for suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

ISABEL GOMEZ-RENGIFO: He has abdicated government here by declaring us out of his protection and waging war against us. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

ROCCO DICICCO: He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of cruelty, perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation.

NELSY RODRIGUEZ: He has constrained our fellow citizens taken captive on the high seas to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.

SUSAN BENNETT EATON: He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions. In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned for redress in the most humble terms. Our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injury.

GARY COMBS: A prince, whose character is thus marked with every act which may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.

KIMBERLEY STEWART: We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence.

CLINT MORGAN: They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our separation and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in War, in peace friends.

STEWART: We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our intentions do, in the name and by authority of the good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent states.

COREY ARMSTRONG: That they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown. And that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is and ought to be totally dissolved.

CHARMAINE MARTIN: And that as free and independent states, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do.

JOSEPH SMITH: And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

MONTAGNE: The Declaration of Independence, as read by visitors to the National Mall in Washington, D.C. You can see the faces behind the voices at NPR's Web site.

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