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All this week, our Texas 2020 series has studied the changing face of a very Republican state. Within a decade, Hispanics are on track to become the largest ethnic group in Texas, making the immigration battle in Washington a potential game changer.
Many Republicans say immigration is critical to the future of the party, but as NPR's David Welna reports, that view is not shared by many Texas Republicans.
DAVID WELNA, BYLINE: John Cornyn is the senior senator from Texas. He's seeking reelection next year, but he does not seem to be seeking the votes of many Hispanic Texans who want an immigration bill passed this year. This was Cornyn, last week, on the Senate floor.
SENATOR JOHN CORNYN: I would love to support an immigration reform bill. Unfortunately, the way this bill is shaping up, I cannot and will not.
WELNA: Last year, Ted Cruz was elected as the junior senator from Texas. While Cruz is the son of a Cuban immigrant, he strongly opposes the path to citizenship for 11 million unauthorized immigrants that's in the Senate bill he too voted against last week.
SENATOR TED CRUZ: I think we need to treat legal immigrants fairly. And I think granting a path to citizenship is not fair to legal immigrants.
WELNA: Most of the two dozen Texas House Republicans take a similar hard line on immigration. Joaquin Castro is a House Democrat from San Antonio. He says his GOP colleagues are ignoring the will of a majority of Texans.
REPRESENTATIVE JOAQUIN CASTRO: Most Texans favor comprehensive immigration reform. I've been very disappointed that Senators Cruz and Cornyn have not been leaders on this issue.
WELNA: But Rice University political scientist Mark Jones says it's no surprise these senators oppose the immigration overhaul. Ted Cruz , he says, is a Tea Party renegade who's long opposed a path to citizenship, while John Cornyn could face a primary challenge from the right and lose his job.
MARK JONES: The border will probably never be secure enough for Ted Cruz to support comprehensive immigration reform. Whereas John Cornyn wants to be able to show that he's still a hawk on immigration by being a staunch supporter of border security.
WELNA: And that worries some prominent Texas Republicans who support the immigration bill. Richard Land is a longtime leader of the Southern Baptist Convention.
RICHARD LAND: These folks are about 10 years behind the curve. They need to get out more and talk to their constituents and read the polling.
WELNA: Still, in the heart of Texas' Bible Belt it's hard to find much love for the immigration bill.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: At this time, we are going - if you have an agenda, don't pay any attention to it 'cause I'm going to veer from it...
WELNA: At a meeting last month of the Parker County Republicans in Weatherford, Texas, a local man named Howard Story said all Congress should do is fix the porous border.
HOWARD STORY: I view the problem, in depth, bad enough that we should bring in the military to secure it.
WELNA: And what should happen to the 11 million who are here right now?
STORY: Deport them.
WELNA: Another local GOP activist named Judy James acknowledged that more and more voters in Texas are Hispanic. Still, she believed, many would become Republicans.
JUDY JAMES: The demographics are changing but there are a lot of them, Ted Cruz and family, for instance, who are very definitely conservative 'cause they see what's going on.
WELNA: Indeed, one Texas House Republican thinks backing the immigration bill, in hopes of winning more Latino votes, could prove self defeating.
REPRESENTATIVE LOUIE GOHMERT: You think we're going to get Hispanic voters to come to a party that they know is purely pandering?
WELNA: Louie Gohmert represents East Texas in Congress.
GOHMERT: I think there's a better chance of having them vote for Republicans if they see that above all we're about honesty and integrity, and we're following the rule of law. We want to keep a country where people will continue to want to come. And if you get overwhelmed with a billion people that would like to come at some point, you got no country left.
WELNA: But others in the Texas GOP Congressional Delegation fear having no party left. Ted Poe chairs the House Immigration Reform Caucus.
REPRESENTATIVE TED POE: We need to have an immigration bill. Republicans in the House need to take the lead. It's important for Texas because we have so many Hispanics.
WELNA: Rice political scientist, Jones, thinks Poe is on to something.
JONES: The real fear of Republicans is a perfect storm, whereby immigration reform legislation isn't passed, Democrats are able to use that issue both to siphon off Hispanic support that used to vote Republican, as well as mobilize new voters, to come to the polls. And that could spell trouble for Republicans.
WELNA: Especially if they're from Texas.
David Welna, NPR News.
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