RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

It's MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Renee Montagne.

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

And I'm David Greene. This summer is supposed to be when the American public is reintroduced to the Affordable Care Act and taught how to sign up for benefits.

MONTAGNE: But that's not what's happening. Earlier this month, the Obama administration decided to delay implementing some key pieces of the law because they wouldn't be ready in time for next year's rollout.

GREENE: And then this week, the Republican-led House voted to delay the rest of the law. It was the 39th vote against the law. As NPR's Julie Rovner reports, even some of the president's backers are starting to worry that the White House is getting dangerously off-message.

JULIE ROVNER, BYLINE: President Obama has been busy with other things the past couple of months, leaving the nitty-gritty of rolling out the health law to underlings in the administration. But with so much going sideways the past couple of weeks, yesterday saw the big guy himself, there in the White House, surrounded by people who are already seeing the tangible benefits of the health law.

(SOUNDBITE OF PRESS CONFERENCE)

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: Dan Hart, who's here from Chicago, had read these rebates were happening. But he didn't think anything of it until he got a check in the mail for 136 bucks.

ROVNER: The president was talking about a somewhat obscure provision of the law that requires insurance companies to pay rebates to policyholders if the companies spend too much on administrative costs rather than medical expenses. This year an estimated eight and a half million Americans will get rebates. That's actually down from the 13 million who got them last year. And Obama admitted that even those who are getting the checks don't necessarily associate them with the health law.

(SOUNDBITE OF PRESS CONFERENCE)

OBAMA: I bet if you took a poll, most folks wouldn't know when that check comes in that this was because of Obamacare...

(LAUGHTER)

OBAMA: ...that they got this extra money in their pockets.

ROVNER: Which is a big part of the administration's messaging problem. According to public opinion polls, many of the law's provisions are extremely popular, but the law itself isn't. Still. And while the president is talking about a few million people getting refunds of $100 or $200, Republicans have been talking in much more expansive terms. Here's Texas Republican Pete Sessions on the House floor Wednesday.

(SOUNDBITE OF STATEMENT)

REP. PETE SESSIONS: A government-run health care system is at its very basis a beginning of socialism in medicine and we oppose that.

ROVNER: White House Spokesman Jay Carney derided Republicans continuing efforts to roll back the law at his daily briefing yesterday. He said the president is willing to make changes to the law as necessary.

(SOUNDBITE OF BRIEFING)

JAY CARNEY: But that is wholly different from, you know, this constant and now almost comical effort to spend most of the time in the House of Representatives hoping to repeal in some form or manner a bill that has been passed into law by both houses, signed into law by the president, and upheld as the law by the Supreme Court of the United States.

ROVNER: But there's a major difference in the way Republicans talk about the law and the way the president does, says George Lakoff. He's a professor of linguistics at the University of California at Berkeley and an expert on political messaging. He says when Republicans talk about the law, they talk about it as a moral issue.

GEORGE LAKOFF: Basically, they say that democracy is about liberty, the liberty to pursue your own self-interest without you having to take care of anybody else's interests or anybody else having to take care of yours.

ROVNER: And when President Obama talks about the health law?

LAKOFF: His message was all about money.

ROVNER: At least in yesterday's speech it was. But in general, that's been the president's problem, says Lakoff. He's mostly shied away from talking about health care on the same moral terms as the Republicans have. And he could talk about it from the moral perspective of Democrats if he wanted to.

LAKOFF: Health care is about life itself, about living a decent life, about living free from fear, and also free from economic fear. Free from losing your home because you have to pay out of pocket for operations that really ought to be paid for by having health care insurance.

ROVNER: The administration, however, has seemed to be all over the place when it comes to its messaging about the health law from the start. Of course, it's been a lot easier for the Republicans. Their message is pretty much one word: No. Julie Rovner, NPR News, Washington.

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