Copyright ©2013 NPR. For personal, noncommercial use only. See Terms of Use. For other uses, prior permission required.

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

Nearly one year ago, a white supremacist burst into a Sikh temple near Milwaukee. He shot and killed five men and one woman and injured four others. Erin Toner of member station WUWM visited the temple recently. And she found the killings have led some Sikhs to a deeper embrace of their faith.

ERIN TONER, BYLINE: Every Sunday, hundreds of worshippers descend on the Sikh Temple of Wisconsin in Oak Creek, just south of Milwaukee. They come here to pray and to eat a weekly meal together called a langar. On August 5th last year, as women were preparing the meal, a gunman opened fire here, killing six people, including the temple president, a priest, fathers and a mother, before turning the gun on himself. Photos of the victims now hang in the lobby of the temple called a gurdwara.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Singing in foreign language)

DR. KULWANT DHALIWAL: Traditionally, when you come into the gurdwara, you wash your hand first, then have snacks. And then you come and sit down and listen to the service here.

TONER: Dr. Kulwant Dhaliwal is the temple president. He's urging members of this congregation to keep their spirits up as the shooting anniversary approaches.

DHALIWAL: The community has been gradually sort of healing and settling down. Of course, the families who lost their loved ones will never probably lead the life the same. Their lives changed forever.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Singing in foreign language)

TONER: Sikhism began in the 15th century in the Punjab region in South Asia, and its basic tenets are equality, living by honest means and helping the needy. Since 9/11, some Sikhs in the U.S. have been harassed or attacked by people wrongly assuming they're Muslim extremists.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Singing in foreign language)

TONER: A security guard now sits just inside the temple's front entrance, a constant reminder of the violence that erupted here last summer. Forty-year-old Nirmal Singh says she still gets nervous when she walks in from the parking lot, and her kids still have questions.

NIRMAL SINGH: Especially my youngest daughter, she's 6 years old. She'll be like, why this has to happen? I say, you know what? We live in a world where anything can happen. That's what I tell them, just be safe.

TONER: While some worshippers here remain fearful of violence, others seem even more determined to confront prejudice against their faith.

DR. KANWARDEEP SINGH KALEKA: (Singing in foreign language)

TONER: Kanwardeep Singh Kaleka looks down at a string of orange prayer beads around his wrist as he sings a traditional Sikh prayer.

KALEKA: So it's a very simple mantra and really the basis is that if you can even just say God's name or keep God in your mind, that will help you become one with God.

TONER: The prayer is one Kaleka's uncle used to sing at the end of Sunday services. His uncle was Satwant Singh Kaleka, the temple president who was killed while trying to fend off the gunman. We're at Kanwardeep's lab at the Medical College of Wisconsin where he just earned his Ph.D. doing Alzheimer's research.

KALEKA: So what I'm going to do is basically put genes into neurons. So...

TONER: The 30-year-old Kaleka started wearing the prayer beads after the temple shooting last year. He also let his beard and hair grow long, and now wears a turban in his daily life, as do most observant Sikh men.

KALEKA: People who died in that shooting looked different. And I found this as a valuable opportunity to show the world that no matter how different anybody looks, that we're just as much of a human being. And in America, we're just as American as anyone else.

TONER: Kaleka says while much of the reaction to his long beard and turban has been positive, some still look on with fear, especially at airports.

KALEKA: I got to the gate and there was this young kid, and he just looks at me in absolute terror. He says: Don't kill me, don't kill me.

TONER: Kaleka says that was actually a great moment because he was able to explain who he was and assure the family they had nothing to worry about.

KALEKA: By the time our plane landed, like, me and that kid were high-fiving and hugging. And, you know, and that's sort of the notion that, you know, for me is what it's all about.

TONER: This weekend, the temple holds a series of events to honor victims, including a continuous recitation of the Sikh Holy Scripture, cover to cover. It's a ritual that happens at both happy and sad events, and is intended to bring peace and solace.

For NPR news, I'm Erin Toner in Milwaukee.

Copyright © 2013 NPR. All rights reserved. No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to NPR. This transcript is provided for personal, noncommercial use only, pursuant to our Terms of Use. Any other use requires NPR's prior permission. Visit our permissions page for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR's programming is the audio.

Comments

 

Discussions about race, ethnicity and culture tend to get dicey quickly, so we hold our commenters on Code Switch to an especially high bar. We may delete comments we think might derail the conversation. If you're new to Code Switch, please read over our FAQ and NPR's Community Guidelines before commenting. We try to notify commenters individually when we remove their comments, but given that we receive a high volume of comments, we may not always be able to get in touch. If we've removed a comment you felt was a thoughtful and valuable addition to the conversation, please don't hesitate to get in touch with us by emailing codeswitch@npr.org.