ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:
And finally, a story about food with less regard for your health and more regard for flavor. Today, for our summer series about grilling, we head to Turkey, where it seems every family has a grill and a favorite recipe. Meat is the heavy favorite but we're going now in search of another gem of Mediterranean cuisine, perfectly grilled fish. NPR's Peter Kenyon takes us to the edge of the water in Istanbul.
PETER KENYON, BYLINE: Each morning as dawn breaks over the Bosphorus Strait, a small drama repeats itself. Massive oil tankers and cargo ships slide past tiny fishing boats bobbing on the surface like bathtub toys. These intrepid fishermen are out in all weather, in all seasons. In the winter, they catch the rich, oily anchovies, bluefish and mackerel. With the spring come the turbot and sea bream, and by summer, sea bass and red mullet are being hawked by the fishmongers.
Istanbul's Karakoy neighborhood sits right on the Golden Horn across from the imposing minarets and towers of the old walled city. New restaurants, cafes and bars are popping up here all the time. But for our purposes, let's stroll just past the fish market to one of the modest restaurants that line the waterside.
Akin Balik, balik means fish, and Akin's the name of the owner, is simplicity itself: a glass case full of fish, a constantly going grill and very little else. It's within sight of the more-visited fish restaurants underneath the Galata Bridge, and not far from the boats where Turks and visitors buy the famous balik ekmek, grilled fish sandwiches.
Gokmen manages the restaurant and he says they're blessed to be able to take for granted something that worries many would-be fish grillers: whether it's really fresh.
GOKMEN: (Speaking foreign language)
KENYON: Of course, you can tell by the eyes, if they're clear, and we check the gills to make sure they're not dried out, he says. But frankly, with the fish being caught practically next door and rushed to the market the same day, all you need is an honest person to sell you today's catch.
There is something special about dining in much the same way the ancient Greeks and Romans did centuries ago, by putting fish to fire. And it's at this point simple cuisine does require a certain amount of vigilance. Squeezing into the restaurant's small kitchen, a blast of fish-scented hot air rushes at you from the grill, a large and very clean metal grate over glowing charcoal.
Here, there is one thing that may qualify as a genuine grilling tip, though it's not secret to devotees of barbeque, the charcoal. These are not the pillow-shaped briquettes of commercially produced charcoal, which may include ingredients such as sawdust, anthracite coal and chemical additives. In Turkey, most grilling is still done over natural lumps of charred hardwood that impart a terrific scent to whatever they cook.
Gokmen believes in three basic elements to properly grilled seafood: fresh fish, natural charcoal and an attentive cook.
GOKMEN: (Speaking foreign language)
KENYON: The heat of the grill is crucial, he says. Some of the larger, thicker fish have to cook more slowly over medium heat, but these here, he points to two small bream on the grates, they need a good hot fire. We keep this grill going up to 20 hours a day, so there's a great consistent heat at all times.
Gokmen doesn't have to worry about turning his back on the sizzling seafood, that's why Sabri's here. Sabri says he's been grilling fish for 25 years, and as long as you don't get distracted, there's nothing to it.
SABRI: (Speaking foreign language)
KENYON: I can usually tell when they're done just by looking or sometimes just touching the surface of the fish, he says. Each fish is a bit different, but you almost always want the same result, a nice crispy skin outside, with all the oils and juices still inside.
The usual moment of panic for the amateur fish griller is the flip, but experts will tell you that's only a problem if your grill is dirty and your spatula too skinny. Whether you learn to love grilling fish yourself or leave it to the professionals, you may find it's the basis of a near-perfect summer meal, totally satisfying, but sitting lightly on the stomach.
A salad with lemon juice and olive oil, succulent, faintly smoky grilled fish - simplicity itself, requiring nothing more than a cold beer or a crisp white wine. Or two. You will tell my boss we did this story on a weekend, won't you? Peter Kenyon, NPR News, Istanbul.