LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:
The urban violence summit in Chicago is just the latest call to action by civil rights groups and lawmakers since the man who shot and killed Trayvon Martin was found not guilty. But as NPR's Brakkton Booker reports, in the two weeks since George Zimmerman's acquittal, the same activists galvanized by his trial are finding it hard to focus the energy of the Trayvon Martin movement.
BRAKKTON BOOKER, BYLINE: For 16 months, supporters of the Justice for Trayvon movement rallied behind a common goal: Make sure George Zimmerman, the man who killed Trayvon Martin, stood before the bar of justice. But after Zimmerman's trial and acquittal, that united front has splintered. Trayvon Martin's father, Tracy Martin, spoke to lawmakers on Capitol Hill this week during a summit on black men and boys, saying he wants legislation that would honor his son's legacy.
TRACY MARTIN: I would like to see that Trayvon Martin name is attached to some type of statute or amendment that says you can't simply profile our children, shoot them in the heart, kill 'em, and say that you were defending yourself.
BOOKER: A growing number of celebrities like Stevie Wonder, Jay-Z and Madonna are calling for a boycott of Florida because of its far-reaching Stand Your Ground gun laws.
Author and Georgetown professor Michael Eric Dyson also spoke before the black lawmakers this week, saying that he wants more action from President Obama.
MICHAEL ERIC DYSON: Just as the president has been unafraid to go to Morehouse and to challenge those black men in public, be unafraid to stand before the rest of America and challenge them, too.
BOOKER: Still others are calling for the movement, which has been driven by grassroots and social media, to organize on the state level.
Cornell Belcher is a Democratic strategist and pollster. He says the Justice for Trayvon movement could take a page from the playbook of the Tea Party.
CORNELL BELCHER: You know, what the Tea Party would do? They would organize and put pressure on these state legislators who were not where they wanted them to be. And if they won't change this law, then we've got to raise money and we've got to primary them.
BOOKER: Belcher says the competing interests in the movement are not necessarily a bad thing.
Kweisi Mfume is the former president of the NAACP. He has six sons and four grandsons. He warns that if concrete steps are not taken, Trayvon's Martin's death will be but a footnote in a long series of tragedies.
KWEISI MFUME: Was it Emmett Till in '55, and something else in '79 and Rodney King in '93 and Trayvon Martin now? We can't keep revisiting this. We can't not do it and we ought not.
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BOOKER: Some have compared the energy surrounding Trayvon Martin to that of the heyday of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and '60s.
But Emory University political science Professor Andra Gillespie says the civil rights movement of the sit-ins and bus boycotts was proactive while she sees the Trayvon movement thus far as reactive.
ANDRA GILLESPIE: Trayvon Martin didn't walk home from that 7-Eleven intending to be a martyr or symbol of civil rights. He was just trying to get home to watch a basketball game. In the civil rights movement, people took deliberate steps to try to test laws and challenge laws.
BOOKER: Gillespie says it will take time to shift focus from justice in an individual case to justice at a national level, and organizers need to remember that.
GILLESPIE: People just need to be apprised at the outset that, you know, change would be nice if it happened overnight, but don't hold your breath if it doesn't.
BOOKER: Brakkton Booker, NPR News, Washington.
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