RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:
Now, let's go to the capital of Montana. A health clinic especially for state employees opened in Helena about a year ago. Montana is the first state to offer free primary healthcare services to its government workers. Though it did come up against some political opposition, the state says the program is already saving money.
Montana Public Radio's Dan Boyce reports.
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DAN BOYCE, BYLINE: A white, plastic blood pressure machine sits on a table just inside the backdoor of the Montana Capitol Building. Sixty-one-year-old state library technician Pamela Weitz rests her arm in the inflatable cuff.
PAMELA WEITZ: One forty-four over 72, and that's a little high.
BOYCE: She has a doctor's appointment coming up to see about changing one of her three blood pressure medications, an appointment at the state employee health clinic right near the capitol building. It's a place she was skeptical about at first.
WEITZ: I thought it was just the goofiest idea. But, you know, it's really good.
BOYCE: In the last year, she's been there for checkups, blood tests, flu shots. She doesn't have to go. She still has her normal health insurance provided by the state. But at the clinic, she has no co-pays, no deductibles. It's free.
That's the case for the Helena area's 11,000 state workers and their dependents. Visitation is more than 75 percent higher than initial estimates.
REPRESENTATIVE DAVE LEWIS: For goodness sakes, of course, the employees and the retirees like it, it's free.
BOYCE: That's Republican State Senator Dave Lewis. He wonders what that free price tag is actually costing. What it's costing the wider Helena community?
LEWIS: If they're taking money out of the hospital's pocket, the hospital's raising the price on other things to offset that.
BOYCE: And what it's costing the state government. He and others faulted then-Governor Brian Schweitzer for moving ahead with the clinic last year without approval of the state legislature - although it was not needed.
Now, Lewis is a retired state employee, himself. He says, personally, he does like going there, too.
LEWIS: They're wonderful people. They do a great job, but as a legislator, I wonder how in the heck we can pay for it very long.
BOYCE: The state contracts with a private company to run the facility and pays for everything - wages of the staff, total costs of all the visits. Those are all new expenses and they all come from the budget for state employee health care.
Even so, division manager Russ Hill says it's actually costing the state a million and a half dollars less for health care than before the clinic opened.
RUSS HILL: Because there's no markup, our cost per visit is lower than in a private fee-for-service environment.
BOYCE: Physicians are paid by the hour, not by the number of procedures they prescribe like many in the private sector.
Bottom line: a patient's visit to the employee health clinic costs the state about half what it would cost if that patient went to a private doctor. And because it's free to patients, hundreds of people have come in who had not seen a doctor for at least two years.
Hill says the facility is catching a lot.
HILL: Six hundred people that have diabetes that didn't know they had diabetes.
BOYCE: Thirteen hundred people with high cholesterol.
HILL: High blood pressure, where we found 1,600 people.
BOYCE: And the clinic has diagnosed 2,600 patients as obese. Treating these conditions early could avoid heart attacks, amputations, or other expensive hospital visits down the line - saving the state more money.
Clinic operations director and physician's assistant Jimmie Barnwell says this model feels more rewarding to him.
JIMMIE BARNWELL: Having those barriers of time and money taken out of the way are a big part that get people to come into the clinic. But then, when they come into the clinic, they get a lot of face-to-face time with the nurses and the doctors.
BOYCE: That personal attention has proved valuable for library technician Pamela Weitz. A mammogram late last year found a lump.
WEITZ: That doctor called me like three or four times and I had like three letters from the clinic, you know, reminding me, you can't let this go, you've got to follow up on it.
BOYCE: Two more mammograms and an ultrasound later, doctors think it's just a calcium deposit but they want her to keep watching it and come in for another mammogram in October.
Weitz says they've had that same persistence with her other health issues, like her high blood pressure. She feels the clinic really cares about her.
WEITZ: Yeah, they've been very good, very good.
BOYCE: Montana recently opened a second state employee health clinic in the largest city - Billings. Others are in the works.
For NPR News, I'm Dan Boyce in Helena, Montana.
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