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We've been hearing about surveillance by the NSA, the National Security Agency. We turn now to another NSA: the president's national security adviser. Susan Rice has been in the job for a month. Her job is to act as a sort of funnel for information from the intelligence community, channeling it to the president. And this has been one heck of a month, as NPR's Ari Shapiro reports.

ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: The day Susan Rice started this new job Egypt's military overthrew the Egyptian government. Then the controversy surrounding leaker Edward Snowden in Russia blew up. And last week, with both of those fires still raging, another crisis pulled Susan Rice and the national security team back into the White House Situation Room.

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BOB SCHIEFFER: Twenty-two U.S. embassies are closed because officials say they've uncovered a possible terror threat from al-Qaida.

SHAPIRO: This latest threat has deep personal significance for the new national security adviser. Fifteen years ago this week, Susan Rice was the State Department's undersecretary for African affairs when terrorists blew up two U.S. embassies in East Africa. Hundreds of people were killed and thousands wounded. Prudence Bushnell was the American ambassador to Kenya at the time.

PRUDENCE BUSHNELL: I suspect that what happened in Kenya and Tanzania had a huge impact on Susan. I know it did because she came to visit a few months afterwards. You couldn't have been in the Department of State without having been impacted, and certainly not in African affairs.

SHAPIRO: Then last year, Susan Rice was ambassador to the U.N. when terrorists struck again, this time in Benghazi, Libya. Four Americans were killed. On Sunday morning news shows, Rice used talking points that were wrong. That mistake may have kept her from being nominated for secretary of state. Here was Republican Senator John McCain on Fox News.

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SENATOR JOHN MCCAIN: Susan Rice should have known better, and if she didn't know better, she's not qualified.

SHAPIRO: She did not need Senate confirmation to be national security adviser to the president. Those crucible experiences shape the person Susan Rice is today. She painfully learned the cost of not doing enough. Ben Rhodes works closely with her as deputy national security adviser at the White House.

BENJAMIN RHODES: There's definitely a lean towards action because there's an understanding that there's really no margin for error.

SHAPIRO: Action is a word that comes up a lot when people talk about Rice. Her predecessor, Tom Donilon, was extremely low-key. Nobody would describe Rice that way. Instead, people call her style energetic, no-nonsense or rigorous. At the White House, her meetings start and end on time. Bruce Riedel of The Brookings Institution has known her for 20 years.

BRUCE RIEDEL: If someone from an agency is giving her an inadequate answer or giving her the runaround, Susan's going to cut to the chase and say, look, this is what I need to know.

SHAPIRO: Tommy Vietor was a White House national security spokesman during President Obama's first term.

TOMMY VIETOR: She's going to get into the weeds. She knows the details. She is tough and smart and will get your attention if you're slipping.

SHAPIRO: When Rice arrived at the White House a month ago, she made a point to meet each person who works on the National Security Council, says Rhodes.

RHODES: And she's gone out of her way to make people know that their work is going to reach the president, and their voice is going to reach the president.

SHAPIRO: That's one reason the national security adviser is such a powerful job: She hears from everyone with a stake in the argument. But the president may hear only from her. Vietor describes how a typical decision might play out, say, to close embassies around the world.

VIETOR: The national security adviser is convening the broader national security apparatus and saying, FBI, CIA, State, Defense, come to the table and let's discuss this. Let's figure out all the implications of these decisions, and then let's vote.

SHAPIRO: Is it literally a vote?

VIETOR: Yeah. I mean, look, the president gets a number of decisions every day that are unanimous, and he gets many others that are divided.

SHAPIRO: Some national security advisers weigh in at stakeholder meetings while others hold their counsel for the president. People in these meetings say no surprise; Susan Rice expresses a strong view. During this harried month, folks at the White House say they've more than once heard the president joke with Rice: Are you sure you want this job? It's not too late to back out. She always replies: Happy to be here. Ari Shapiro, NPR News, Washington.

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