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CELESTE HEADLEE, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Celeste Headlee. For more than 40 years, Davis and Elkins College in Elkins, West Virginia has been involved in a project that may seem like a no-brainer today. But when it began in 1972, the idea of creating workshops to preserve traditional culture in an institutional setting was not as widely accepted as it is now. The Augusta Heritage Center at Davis and Elkins is dedicated to preserving the traditional arts, crafts and music of the Appalachian Mountains. Stephanie Coleman has more.

STEPHANIE COLEMAN, BYLINE: A group of 20 students sits in a big circle in the front parlor of a Victorian mansion at Davis and Elkins College. Everyone has a fiddle. And all eyes are on the teacher.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

COLEMAN: Heads bop and toes tap as Dave Bing plays a West Virginia tune called "Camp Chase." Outside, a bevy of banjos plink out a mournful melody. Down the road the mandolin and guitar classes combine to jam on a new tune they've learned.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

COLEMAN: It's old-time week at Augusta Heritage Center in Elkins, West Virginia. It's one of about a dozen, weeklong, themed music camps spread out over the summer. Almost 200 students came here to learn about old-time music. That's the stuff that came before bluegrass. It's historically passed down by ear on front porches and in kitchens of rural America. And Augusta is basically band camp for kids of all ages. In addition to the classes and jam sessions, there are concerts, and of course, square dancing.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Double one to the left, to the right and give a little kick around. (unintelligible).

COLEMAN: When Augusta began, the focus was on crafts, not music. A small group of local women hatched the idea in the fall of 1972. They were weavers and spinners and quilters, masters of crafts that had been passed down in their families for generations. But they worried that these local traditions were dying out. So, the following summer, they held the very first Augusta workshops. From the beginning, traditional music was a part of the mix.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED MUSIC)

MELVIN WINE: (Singing) Now, this is the way my pappy played it. (Singing) Somebody stole my little black dog, and I wish they'd fetch him back.

COLEMAN: The late Melvin Wine is one of many voices included in Augusta's archives.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED MUSIC)

WINE: (Playing) Now, I'm having a hard time holding my fiddle.

COLEMAN: He was an elder statesman of this music and a beloved regular at Augusta. He lived his whole life in Braxton County, West Virginia. Wine was 93 years old when he passed away in 2003. And the reality is that today, most revered musicians of his generation are gone. But every year, scores of musicians come to learn from those who learned from the elders.

GEORGE YOST: Well, I came here to learn how to play music, but it's more than just music.

COLEMAN: George Yost is a bass player from West Virginia.

YOST: You learn about the history and heritage of West Virginia. It's really pretty nice.

COLEMAN: In 40 years, Augusta's become a huge success. Its reputation is known all over the world. Pepi Emmerichs is a 20-year-old jazz fiddler from Australia. She spent the summer learning the tricks and quirks of American roots music.

PEPI EMMERICHS: Yeah, with every tune there seems to be some kind of wacky story and they all have crazy names, which I really like.

COLEMAN: Like "Twine Mid The Ringlets" or "Paddy on the Handcar" or "Granny Will Your Dog Bite."

EMMERICHS: I love that.

DAVE BING: Let's start with just sliding in to that, what was the C-sharp.

Back at Dave Bing's fiddle class, he takes his students through "Camp Chase" phrase by phrase.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

BING: We're just going to pause right here.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

BING: I'll keep the drains off so you can hear. Pause.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

COLEMAN: Bing hails from Harmony, West Virginia. He meets with his class for three hours every morning, taking them through the state's fiddle styles and digging into each tune's origins. He says "Camp Chase" came from a Pocahontas County fiddler named Burl Hammons, who died in 1993. Hammons and his contemporaries had no formal music education. They never even named the notes.

BING: They never said A or G or B or anything like that. And they didn't name the strings - well, they had names for the strings. The bottom string was the bass, the second string was the counter.

COLEMAN: It's easy to get romantic about the good old days.

GERRY MILNES: I like to think there's still a hole in the rocks way back up some holler where all the tunes come out. In reality, you know, tunes get passed around in all kind of ways.

COLEMAN: Gerry Milnes has worked at Augusta for over 20 years. He's a folklorist and has spent decades documenting traditional old time music. And he acknowledges the place of this music in the modern age. With YouTube and iTunes, it's gone from local to global. Ancient ballads and mountain melodies are just a click away.

MILNES: I think there was a time when people really didn't have to decide what kind of music they wanted to play. It was like your dad played it so you played it. And, you know, you had to face facts. Those days are probably gone now. There are so many - you're barraged with so many different kinds of music now that you have to make choices.

HEADLEE: Thousands of musicians have chosen to come to Augusta over the past 40 years to learn music firsthand, to sit knee to knee with other musicians, look them right in the eye, and enjoy a few tunes together. For NPR News, I'm Stephanie Coleman.

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