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SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon.

Just days after the crisis in Syria was put on hold, President Obama was deep into a new controversy, the showdown over a potential government shutdown and debt default. The House voted yesterday to fund government operations through mid-December, while also defunding the Affordable Care Act. That position is bound to fail when the Senate takes up the bill.

NPR's national political correspondent Mara Liasson reports on the president's battles.

MARA LIASSON, BYLINE: President Obama has had a tough year. He failed to pass gun legislation; immigration reform has stalled in the House. He barely escaped what would have been a humiliating rejection by Congress on his plan to strike Syria. Just this week, his own Democrats forced Larry Summers - the president's first choice to head the Federal Reserve - to withdraw.

Former Clinton White House aide Bill Galston says all these issues have weakened the unity of the president's coalition.

BILL GALSTON: It's not a breach but there has been some real tension there. And that's something that neither the president nor congressional Democrats can afford as the budget battle intensifies.

LIASSON: As the battles on the debt ceiling and the government shutdown proceed, Republicans have been emboldened by the president's recent troubles, says former GOP leadership aide Ron Bonjean.

RON BONJEAN: The joke among Republicans is that maybe Vladimir Putin has a plan for President Obama to follow in order to get out of the debt ceiling fight. And that they feel that they might be able to out-negotiate the president or pressure him enough into a deal because his hand has been weakened on Syria.

LIASSON: But Democrats say if Republicans proceed under that assumption they'll do so at their peril. If Putin did in fact rescue the President on Syria with a last minute diplomatic gambit, now Democrats say the president is being helped by his chief domestic adversary, House speaker John Boehner, who's been unable to dissuade his Tea Party caucus from threatening to shutdown the government or default on the debt unless the presidents health law is defunded or delayed. The Republican chaos has helped Democrats unite behind the president, says Jim Manley, a former top aide to Senate majority leader Harry Reid.

JIM MANLEY: It's been a rough couple of weeks, no doubt about it. He had some missteps within the caucus. But now that he has those situations behind him, he can turn his attention to the debt limit and the spending issues, where he's going to be pretty well-positioned to take on the Republicans if only because their policies are so out of the mainstream that they won't enjoy any support on the Hill and/or with the American people.

LIASSON: The plan to bomb Syria was extremely unpopular. But on budget issues the president is on firmer footing with the public who may not like Obamacare but they don't want it repealed or defunded. So in the House at least, Republicans are making demands the president cannot and will not meet.

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: You have never seen in the history of the United States the debt ceiling, or the threat of not raising the debt ceiling, being used to extort a president or a governing party, and then trying to force issues that have nothing to do with the budget and have nothing to do with the debt.

LIASSON: White House officials say Democrats will always have internal divisions but right now they're nothing compared to the fights inside the GOP.

DAN PFEIFFER: There is essentially a civil war brimming in the Republican Party right now.

LIASSON: The president's senior advisor, Dan Pfeiffer, who points to open warfare between Tea Party conservatives and moderates, and even between House and Senate conservatives as Republicans struggle to settle on a viable budget strategy.

PFEIFFER: The important thing as we head into these budgeted battles this fall, Democrats - there are lots of other ways to approach this, which is that we are not going to negotiate the debt ceiling; we're not going to allow the full faith and credit of the United States to be held hostage by the Republicans who want to deny health insurance to millions of Americans. We're in lockstep and they're divided, so I feel pretty good about that.

LIASSON: Despite the setbacks of the spring and summer, the Obama team is counting on the latent power of the presidency, one of the most resilient institutions in American life. Unlike on Syria, President Obama seems to have a budget strategy. He's hanging tough on his two red lines: no negotiations on the debt ceiling and no changes to Obamacare.

President Obama is willing for now to let the Republicans flirt with the unpopular and dangerous possibilities of a government shutdown and a debt default. It's a high stakes game of chicken and one where the White House feels confident it has the upper hand.

Mara Liasson, NPR News, Washington.

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