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ARUN RATH, HOST:

Thanks for tuning in. It's ALL THINGS CONSIDERED, from NPR West. I'm Arun Rath.

We've been hearing a lot about the pros and cons of the first-ever national academic standards for students, also known as the Common Core Standards. Forty-five states have adopted the Common Core Standard, which is intended to align what public school students are learning at each grade level. But opposition is growing. Already, lawmakers in some states are having second thoughts. But as NPR's Claudio Sanchez reports, in some states, politicians and educators are defending the new standards more vigorously than ever.

CLAUDIO SANCHEZ, BYLINE: Cynthia Clay has been a teacher and administrator in Middletown, Del., for 31 years.

CYNTHIA CLAY: I have seen it all because we have had things come and go in education.

SANCHEZ: But nothing, says Clay, has a greater potential to transform public education than the Common Core Standards. She says teachers at her school, Silver Lake Elementary, have embraced them.

CLAY: In fact, some of our veteran teachers have said, this has given me more direction than what we've had in the past.

SANCHEZ: Two years after Delaware aligned its state tests to the Common Core, Clay says her students are doing just fine.

CLAY: They are meeting the standards; that's what we're seeing. And in our state assessments, we're seeing that happen as well.

SANCHEZ: Raising the bar for all children regardless of where they live, and comparing the progress based on the same high standards, makes sense, says Lillian Miles. She's with the Appoquinimink County Schools, which includes Middletown.

LILLIAN MILES: I can't tell you how often parents get frustrated when they find out that the Pennsylvania state test has nothing to do with New Jersey, has nothing to do with Delaware. There's no common comparison.

SANCHEZ: The Common Core will change that. That's the message that Delaware's governor, Jack Markell, has been delivering the last few weeks at town hall meetings and back-to-school nights - although at Silver Lake Elementary tonight, Markell is spending more time than he'd like explaining what the Common Core Standards are not.

GOV. JACK MARKELL: This was not something that was driven by the federal government. I know some people are saying this was a federally driven initiative. This has nothing to do with the federal government.

SANCHEZ: Markell says it was the states and governors, frustrated by the meager improvement of their schools, that launched the Common Core Standards. Shortly after taking office in 2008, Markell, a Democrat, and then-Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue, a Republican, co-chaired a committee to promote the new standards and convince other governors to adopt them.

MARKELL: The easy part was getting states to sign on.

SANCHEZ: Markell says governors only had to look at how poorly their students were doing, compared to kids in other industrialized nations. Perdue agrees: States had to do something.

SONNY PERDUE: We had become complacent, and the goal was to expect more, to have higher standards. In Georgia, we had hearings. And from the State Board of Education, they had to be adopted there.

SANCHEZ: In Georgia, though, conservative groups and Republican lawmakers, wary of the federal government support for the new standards and tests, now want the state to pull out. The arguments for and against the new standards, though, have had little impact on public opinion because according to the latest Gallup poll, 62 percent of Americans have never heard of the Common Core.

At this coffee shop in Middletown, Del., the views among four young mothers were mixed. Two said they didn't know enough to comment. Only Megan Parker said she likes what she's heard.

MEGAN PARKER: My understanding of the Common Core is that if my third-grader were to leave the state of Delaware and go to - say, Ohio, that he would not have to test to transfer into a third-grade level there; that the Common Core would be universal for all students.

SANCHEZ: Her friend Beth Hess has heard both good and bad things about the Common Core.

BETH HESS: I can see how conservatives would say it's just another way for the government to take control, it's one more rule, it's one more law, and that we're losing our freedoms. But I don't think it's meant to be that way. I think that there is a good motive behind it: having our children all meet a specific standard at a certain age.

SANCHEZ: With the debate now shifting to the alignment of high-stake tests to the Common Core Standards, people on both sides of the issue agree that the battle for the hearts and minds of parents will be crucial. But of the 45 states that have adopted the new standards in the last four years, not one has pulled out entirely.

Claudio Sanchez, NPR News.

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