STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
This is a great time to be a fan of JD Salinger. The writer, who died in 2010, is the subject of a recently released documentary and companion biography. There's word that five Salinger works will be published for the first time, starting in 2015. And the Morgan Library in New York is showing never-before displayed letters. Salinger wrote them from 1941 to 1943, to a young admirer in Toronto.
NPR Special Correspondent Susan Stamberg has been reading.
SUSAN STAMBERG, BYLINE: For a Salinger buff like me, this is a glimpse of the Holy Grail: Seven letters and two postcards, mostly typed, two handwritten. His handwriting is slanted and spiky.
DECLAN KIELY: He's writing quickly. He may have been writing this in a bar.
STAMBERG: Declan Kiely curated the exhibition.
KIELY: The thing that jumps out at me is the way he forms I.
STAMBERG: The letter I, in a sea of cursives, Salinger's I's are printed. They look like the Roman Numeral One. He makes a strong vertical line and two horizontals.
KIELY: They're really emphatic.
STAMBERG: And he underlines his name, sometimes with one line, sometimes two.
KIELY: You see Dickens doing this, you see Edgar Allen Poe doing this. A lot of male writers have what I would call a sort of architectural support.
STAMBERG: Salinger's first letter to Marjorie Sheard is dated September 4th, 1941.
JOE STIPEK: (Reading) Dear Miss Sheard...
STAMBERG: Actor Joe Stipek reads Salinger.
STIPEK: (Reading) Your warm, bright letter just reached me. Thanks very much. It's unfair to authors that you write only to Aldous Huxley and me.
STAMBERG: Marjorie had praised a story she'd seen in Esquire magazine. Like Salinger, she was in her 20's and also wanted to write fiction. He gives her advice.
STIPEK: (Reading) Why don't you try writing something for Mademoiselle or one of the other feminine magazines? Seems to me you have the instincts to avoid the usual Vassar-girl tripe those mags publish.
STAMBERG: He put his parents' address, 1133 Park Avenue - it's on 91st Street in Manhattan - in the upper right corner. He has typed the letter neatly; no cross-outs, no erasures.
KIELY: He would have made a great secretary.
STAMBERG: Curator Declan Kiely. Salinger clearly thrilled to get a fan letter this early in his writing career ends his note this way.
STIPEK: (Reading) I hope you'll always read my work with pleasure. So glad you liked the Esquire piece. I write for Marjorie Sheard and a few others. The fact that Esquire's circulation is 600,000 and Collier's is in the millions is purely coincidental
STAMBERG: So what does the correspondence tell us about him at this phase of his life? He's 22 years old. He's not a literary star. It's before "Catcher in the Rye." It's in the early 1940s, that book doesn't come till 1951. So who is he, from these letters?
KIELY: Well he's a combination of diffidence and confidence. He is right at the very beginning, but he knows that he's onto something.
STAMBERG: He's also witty. Later in their correspondence, after Salinger has been drafted and is waiting to be shipped overseas from Army basic training in Georgia, this Upper East Side prep school fellow writes...
KIELY: (Reading) Can't you just picture me leading me little platoon over the top? You boys go ahead. I'll meet you at the Biltmore under the clock.
STAMBERG: And who was she, Miss Marjorie Sheard of Toronto? Only one of her letters to him survives. In a P.P.S. she provides some vital statistics - a list of her likes.
SARAH SHEARD: (Reading) Drinking beer, also rum; Sunday afternoon cocktail parties; flirting; dancing in a too-high, too-crowded place...
STAMBERG: Marjorie Sheard's niece, Sarah, reads.
SHEARD: (Reading) ...white evening gowns; men who are tall, dark and dangerous; writing letters to Jerry Salinger. My father is a lawyer who plays the cello and writes musical criticisms. My mother is extremely beautiful. My brother is crotchety and practical, but I like him.
And that's her...
SHEARD: And that's her one letter to him.
STAMBERG: She was slightly older than Salinger - his correspondence with teenage girls would come later. Quiet, says her niece, shy. But Marjorie had a real writer's voice in that flirtatious P.P.S. A month after his first letter, Salinger is getting curious.
STIPEK: (Reading) Dear Marjorie. Excuse the delay but I've been up to here and still am. Thanks for writing. What do you look like? Send a huge photo.
STAMBERG: She does, in profile: nice straight nose, wavy dark hair flowing down her back.
STIPEK: (Reading) Sneaky girl. You're pretty.
STAMBERG: In his letter of November 18th, 1941, Salinger has news. After many rejections, The New Yorker magazine has accepted one of his stories. He tells Marjorie it's about a prep school kid on Christmas vacation.
STIPEK: (Reading) Let me know what you think of the first Holden story, called "Slight Rebellion Off Madison." Best, Jerry S.
STAMBERG: Curator Declan Kiely says that November 1941 letter may be the most valuable in this collection.
KIELY: And it could well be that Marjorie Sheard was one of the first people who learned of the creation of the character Holden Caulfield.
STAMBERG: The story was scheduled to run Christmas week, 1941. But it would be another five years for readers to meet this character who would become, as hero of "Catcher in the Rye," one of the most beloved figures in fiction. The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor a month after Jerry wrote Marjorie about the New Yorker acceptance. Editors decided, given the circumstances, that the Holden story was un-publishable.
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STAMBERG: Sarah Sheard says her aunt Marjorie never talked about her pen pal and mentor.
SHEARD: Well, she sort of - she was a little coquettish about it. She would sort of bat her eyes and say: Well, you know, I did have this brief, you know, exchange with J.D. Salinger. Jerry Salinger, she called him.
STAMBERG: She saved all the letters, and agreed the family could sell them to pay for the Toronto nursing home where she died last May, just before her 95th birthday.
Marjorie Sheard never published any fiction but had a 30-year career writing advertising. Her young 1940s correspondent became one of the world's best-known authors.
I'm Susan Stamberg, NPR News.
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