Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel has directed the National Guard to resolve a dispute that's making it hard for same-sex couples to receive military benefits. The Pentagon started to recognize same-sex marriages soon after the Supreme Court struck down the Defense of Marriage Act this summer. But some states are resisting.

And as NPR's Larry Abramson reports, that means members of the National Guard in states that don't recognize same-sex marriage have had trouble signing up for benefits.

LARRY ABRAMSON, BYLINE: Alicia Butler is the same-sex spouse of a member of the National Guard living in Austin, Texas. Once the Pentagon said it would offer military IDs to same-sex couples, Butler went to her wife's guard base, Camp Mabry, and asked the clerk to sign her up.

ALICIA BUTLER: He said, well, I'm sorry, but the state of Texas can't process your enrollment information and you'll have to go somewhere else.

ABRAMSON: The couple was told to drive to a nearby federal base, like Fort Hood, more than an hour away, to get their ID cards. They have a newborn, so they haven't been able to make the trip. As a result, Butler cannot shop at the base store, get medical treatment or the other benefits available to military spouses.

For now, Texas and seven other states that don't recognize same-sex marriages have been refusing to issue those military IDs to partners of Guard members. Last night, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel said that needs to change.

SECRETARY CHUCK HAGEL: This is wrong. It causes divisions among our ranks and it furthers prejudice.

ABRAMSON: In an address to the Anti-Defamation League in New York, Hagel said he was telling General Frank Grass, chief of the National Guard Bureau, to meet with the heads of the state Guard units.

HAGEL: The Adjutants General will be expected to comply with both lawful direction and DOD policy, in line with the practices of 45 other states and jurisdictions.

ABRAMSON: Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin has directed her state Guard not to process requests for benefits for same-sex couples. She says she's following the wishes of her state's voters, who passed a constitutional amendment in 2004 which makes it illegal for the state to recognize same-sex marriages. The Texas National Guard said in a statement its adjutant general looks forward to meet with General Grass. The issue, the state says, is not a denial of benefits and says Texas, quote, "treats all military members and their families with dignity and respect regardless of sexual orientation," unquote.

Christie Rowzee(ph) of the American Military Partner Association says the situation does not make sense, since the state is really not being asked to use its money to serve same-sex couples.

CHRISTIE ROWZEE: Computer systems, the equipment that is used both to process the enrollments as well as provide the services are - it's federal equipment, federal programs.

ABRAMSON: Short of an agreement, legal experts say, court challenges are likely, or the Pentagon could exert pressure by withholding funds from those guard bases. But that might irritate members of Congress who appropriate that money.

Larry Abramson, NPR News.

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