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DAVID GREENE, HOST:
And let's turn our attention now to the debate at home over the Affordable Care Act. Much of the focus has been on millions of policies cancelled by insurance companies because they don't comply with the new law. President Obama, trying to keep a promise that Americans can keep plans they're happy with, called for those plans to be extended. But last week, California decided the cancellations should go forward.
As Stephanie O'Neill from member station KPCC reports, many Californians with cancelled policies are actually finding better ones that will go into effect in January 2014.
STEPHANIE O'NEIL, BYLINE: Barbara Neff of Santa Monica is a 46-year-old self-employed writer. She's also one of the roughly one million Californians who recently got word from their health insurance company that their coverage would be cancelled at the end of next month.
And while she makes too much to qualify for subsidies under the Affordable Care Act, receiving a policy cancellation, she says, has brought her relief.
BARBARA NEFF: The deductible has ranged anywhere from $3,000 to as high as $5,000, which means I have to spend that much each year before the insurance ever kicks in.
O'NEIL: Neff says she's been stuck with her plan because treatment for a back problem has red-flagged her with a preexisting condition that's kept her from switching to a more affordable policy.
NEFF: I did at one point try to get a policy through my grad school after I had graduated, just part of an alumni plan, and I was rejected for that because I'd had a bout of sciatica five years previously.
O'NEIL: But as of January 1st, the federal health law prohibits insurers from denying coverage or charging more for such preexisting problems. And that's opened an array of options for Neff, who is now enrolled in a new, $2,000 deductible plan through California's state-run insurance marketplace called Covered California.
Her premium will go up - by $24 a month. But under the federal law, she'll no longer have to pay for preventive care, and she figures that alone will more than make up for the additional premium costs.
NEFF: I've been paying for my mammograms out of pocket and that's $400 to $450 a year. And that type of care is 100 percent covered under this new policy.
O'NEIL: Huge deductibles had been the norm for Tim Wilsbach, a 40-year-old TV editor who lives in Culver City with his family. Like Neff, Wilsbach also makes too much to qualify for federal subsidies. So when he received his cancellation notice a few weeks ago, he was worried.
TIM WILSBACH: I initially thought our premium was going to go up.
O'NEIL: Wilsbach has two plans for his family. The one being cancelled is a bare-bones policy he has for himself and his 4-year-old son. It has an $11,000 deductible.
WILSBACH: It was not a great policy. It didn't cover anything - which is essentially, why we had a second plan for my wife, you know, that we paid a little more for.
O'NEIL: Because he and his wife are planning on a second baby, they needed her on a policy with better coverage. But her deductible, too, is high at $5,000.
After getting the cancellation notice, Wilsbach checked out plans on the Covered California website and he was pleasantly surprised. He found a plan for the whole family that offers broader coverage - a much lower $4,000 deductible - and a more affordable monthly premium.
WILSBACH: Our premium went down, not quite 100 bucks, but enough , and, you know, just looking through what the plan covers versus what used to be covered, yeah, I'm quite happy about it.
O'NEIL: Jane Bradford of Pasadena is a 52-year-old stay-at-home mom who's losing the HMO insurance she has for herself and her three kids. Her policy offers low co-pays for doctor visits and a relatively low $3,000 family deductible, but she'll shed no tears to see it go. Bradford says that's because she's found several plans that will cost hundreds less in monthly premiums - even though her husband's income is too high for the family to qualify for a federal subsidy.
JANE BRADFORD: Saving possibly $400 or more a month is awesome, so I'm not sad at all.
O'NEIL: None of this comes as a surprise to Micah Weinberg, a senior researcher at the Bay Area Council Economic Institute in San Francisco.
MICAH WEINBERG: A lot of the anecdotes about people having their policies cancelled and getting gigantic increases are real but they're not representative of what's happening more broadly in the marketplace.
O'NEIL: Weinberg predicts many people who were losing their policies will come out ahead, even if their premiums go up because of lower deductibles, full coverage of preventive care and no penalties for pre-existing conditions.
What's more, he says, health insurance will almost certainly be cheaper for those who qualify for subsidies - in California, that's an estimated two-and-a-half million people.
For NPR News, I'm Stephanie O'Neill in Los Angeles.
GREENE: And Stephanie's story is part of a partnership involving NPR, KPCC and Kaiser Health News.
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