RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:
It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Renee Montagne.
DAVID GREENE, HOST:
And I'm David Greene. It is a cycle that some cities know well. When times are good, money flows into certain neighborhoods. There are redevelopment projects. People flock there to live. But that causes rents to soar. Longtime residents are driven away and the debate erupts about whether this is really the future neighborhoods are looking for.
Case study San Francisco. It has long been a desirable place to live and that's even more true today as the city is basking in the glow of another tech boom. But the influx of money and people is straining the housing market. San Francisco has the highest median rents in the country and evictions are skyrocketing. NPR's Richard Gonzales reports.
RICHARD GONZALES, BYLINE: Ground zero for San Francisco's eviction crisis is here in the Inner Mission District. Until recently this edgy neighborhood was home to a mix of working class Latinos, artists, and activists.
TOM RAPP: Come on in.
GONZALES: It's where Tom Rapp, an airport building maintenance worker, invited me up into the modest second story flat he's called home for 15 years. He says a lot of his neighbors have been evicted over the past couple of years. Then bad news came knocking on his door too.
RAPP: We received an eviction notice at the end of August.
PATRICIA KERMAN: Yeah, but we've gotten, like, three different ones, right?
GONZALES: His roommate, Patricia Kerman, a senior on a fixed income, has lived in this flat for 27 years. The two are in a fight to stay in their rent controlled apartment as their landlord tries to evict them under what's known as the Ellis Act. It's a state law that allows an eviction if the landlord wants to pull the building out of the rental market, usually with a plan to sell the units.
RAPP: They found this loophole where they're now able to get people out of their rent-controlled apartments and it's just becoming an epidemic.
GONZALES: Rapp's landlord was not available for comment. A recent city report finds that Ellis Act evictions jumped 175 percent over the past three years. Low and middle-income tenants are unlikely to find another affordable apartment in San Francisco where the median monthly rent has risen to about $3,400.
(SOUNDBITE OF PROTEST)
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: It is time for the citizens of this community to join together to lobby to protect our homes.
GONZALES: At the steps of San Francisco City Hall, a small group of tenants and community organizers recently demanded that the city do something to prevent more evictions.
(SOUNDBITE OF PROTEST)
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Only you can do this! Yeah!
GONZALES: Inside City Hall, at a packed hearing of the Board of Supervisors, landlord Andrew Long blamed the evictions on the City's rent control policies.
ANDREW LONG: This has caused rents for long-term tenants to be quite low which is great for them, but it doesn't keep a building up.
GONZALES: Long says rent control drives small property landlords into the hands of big-money speculators who profit from converting rentals to condos. But the hearing was dominated by scores of longtime residents who talked about their fears of getting pushed out of San Francisco. Like Beverly Upton, who directs the San Francisco Domestic Violence Consortium. She's facing eviction from a building where she's lived for 25 years.
BEVERLY UPTON: Once the advocates and the organizers and the artists are gone, who will be left to care about our city?
GONZALES: And that's a big concern in this city where traditionally there's always been a balance between the comfortable and the non-conformists, says former mayor Art Agnos.
MAYOR ART AGNOS: The struggle to keep people who make between $60,000 and $150,000 a year is what we're facing in San Francisco. That's who the struggle is for today. Frankly, it's all but over for the poor in this city.
GONZALES: The evictions and the fear they engender come as the city is booming. Construction cranes crowd the downtown horizon. Pricey new restaurants serve the well-heeled tech crowd. Million dollar condos sell for cash as soon as they come on the market. So in a city that takes pride in its quirky diversity, there's a palpable sense that the bohemian days of live and let live are slipping away, says Agnos.
AGNOS: We're not saying wealthy people shouldn't live here. What we're saying is we're losing the balance and the opportunity that has always been the promise of San Francisco.
GONZALES: San Francisco has endured similar periods when its housing supply was squeezed like during the last dot com boom. And each time, says Agnos, the city becomes that much less affordable. Richard Gonzales, NPR News, San Francisco.