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OK. Here's some advice for air travelers: Read that fine print in the frequent flier membership brochure. A passenger who was kicked out of a frequent flier program has taken his case all the way to the Supreme Court. Arguments are today.

NPR legal affairs correspondent Nina Totenberg reports.

NINA TOTENBERG, BYLINE: Frequent flier programs - famous for their free trips, upgrades and goodies; infamous, however, for what is sometimes perceived as arbitrary airline behavior.

Take the case of famed concert cellist Lynn Harrell, expelled from the Delta frequent flier program, as reported on "The Colbert Report."

(SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "THE COLBERT REPORT")

LYNN HARRELL: Delta kicked me out of their SkyMiles program.

STEPHEN COLBERT: Tell them why, Lynn.

HARRELL: I have a cello.

TOTENBERG: They kicked him out because he always travels with his cello, and pays for a separate seat for the cello. So he got a frequent flier account for the cello. Not only was the cello chucked out of the program, so was the human Harrell. He lost all his accumulated points, too.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "THE COLBERT REPORT")

HARRELL: I was never allowed to enroll in any kind of Delta Sky Miles program in the future.

TOTENBERG: Harrell's situation may have been a laughing matter on Comedy Central, but some other folks who get crossways with the airlines view their disputes as matters that should go all the way to the Supreme Court.

RABBI BINYOMIN GINSBERG: It's so anti-American.

TOTENBERG: That's Rabbi Binyomin Ginsberg, an educational consultant and lecturer who, like Harrell, got cut off from his frequent-flier program for, according to Northwest Airlines, complaining too often: complaints over late luggage, lost luggage, long delays on the tarmac, and so on. According to Ginsberg, he never complained to flight attendants, gate personnel or pilots. Instead, he started at the top.

GINSBERG: I did exactly what they asked to do. If you have a negative experience, they want you to give them feedback. They always say we would like to hear comments about how we serve you. Please let us know.

TOTENBERG: And so he did - a lot. According to Northwest, he called the frequent-flier program 24 times within seven months to register what the airline viewed as complaints. Now, Ginsberg was a very frequent flier, with top Platinum Elite status. He says he never asked for anything when making these complaints. The airline contends he repeatedly asked for compensation. Whether asked for or not, the airline tried to soothe the unhappy flier. In 2007, Ginsberg was awarded nearly $2,000 worth of travel vouchers, 78,000 bonus miles, and $491 in cash for a lost bag. But then Ginsberg was notified by telephone that his frequent-flier status was being terminated because he had, quote, "abused it."

GINSBERG: They said that we're just calling to let you know that you are no longer a member of our frequent-flier program. We have confiscated your miles, and you will never be able to join the program again. My initial reaction was I was laughing. I thought it was a prank call. And then I said, excuse me. Can you tell me what's going on? Why are you doing that? And they said because you complained too much about our service.

TOTENBERG: Ginsberg says that when he called the legal department to follow up, he was told that, under federal law, the airline has total discretion in such matters.

GINSBERG: I said, you know what? You're forcing me to take legal action, and she started laughing, literally. And she goes: You're not the first person who has threatened that, and we don't get scared of that.

TOTENBERG: And so Ginsberg did what any red-blooded American would do. He sued the airline for himself and others similarly situated, asking for $5 million in damages. Nobody outside the airline industry seems to know how many people have had their frequent flier club memberships revoked, but today, Ginsberg's case will actually be before the United States Supreme Court.

The legal issue is more esoteric than the nitty-gritty of frequent-flier points. Federal law gives the federal government the power to regulate most disputes over airline routes and services. Therefore, for example, the Supreme Court ruled in 1995 that consumers could not sue American Airlines for changing its frequent-flier program retroactively. But the court left open what it called routine breach-of-contract claims.

In Ginsberg's case, the Northwest contract provides that the airline may terminate membership in the Northwest frequent-flier program at any time if it believed, in its sole judgment, that a member has abused the program. Ginsberg asserts that he did not abuse the program, and that the airline revoked his membership without valid cause - essentially, that the airline, in terminating his lifetime membership, was not acting in good faith within the reasonable expectations of the agreement. Northwest, however, says Ginsberg's reasonable expectations are not reasonable, and that he's attempting to make the agreement more expansive than it is, in fact. Now the Supreme Court will decide, and frequent fliers everywhere will be watching. Nina Totenberg, NPR News, Washington.

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