AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:
Now another controversial practice meant to fight terrorism implemented in the days after 9/11 - torture. Democrats on the Senate Intelligence Committee are calling for the release of a scathing report on detainee interrogations. The committee's 6,000-page study, which found that harsh interrogations did not work, remains classified. But lawmakers used a confirmation hearing for the CIA's top lawyer this week as new leverage to try to make those secrets public. NPR's Carrie Johnson has more.
CARRIE JOHNSON, BYLINE: For more than a year, the Senate Intelligence Committee and the CIA have been engaged in a tug of war over the release of the so-called torture report. Chairman Dianne Feinstein, a Democrat from California, says the $40 million report demonstrates CIA treatment of detainees was all but useless in terms of gathering actionable intelligence.
For its part, the CIA says the committee report contains significant errors and that no one at the agency was interviewed by Senate investigators. A CIA spokesman points out that in any event, President Obama outlawed waterboarding and other harsh interrogation tactics in 2009. That status quo is pretty much where things stand, until this week.
Colorado Democrat Mark Udall insisted the White House throw its weight behind releasing the material.
SENATOR MARK UDALL: I strongly believe that the only way to correct the inaccurate information in the public record on this program is through the sunlight of declassification.
JOHNSON: The central issue is whether tactics such as long-term sleep deprivation and simulated drowning of detainees helped get information to prevent terrorist attacks, and whether the long-awaited Senate Intelligence study can provide a definitive answer to that question.
New Mexico's Martin Heinrich, a Democrat, said he's tired of the issue being politicized.
SENATOR MARTIN HEINRICH: Madame Chairman, I am convinced now more than ever that we need to declassify the full report so that those with a political agenda can no longer manipulate public opinion.
JOHNSON: But veterans of the intelligence community say everyone in this story has some kind of political agenda. There are backstage fights over errors in the Senate report and private disagreements about whether the committee and the CIA have a deal to release the material.
This week, Senator Udall dropped a new detail. He said the CIA conducted its own review of interrogation, a secret study that Udall says would dovetail with the committee findings.
UDALL: And if this is true, it raises fundamental questions about why a review the CIA conducted internally years ago, and never provided to the committee, is so different from the CIA's formal written response to the committee's study. I think you can see the disconnect there.
JOHNSON: The CIA says it's aware of the committee's request for that information and will respond appropriately. Earlier this year, in his confirmation hearing, CIA director nominee John Brennan promised to take a close look at the interrogation study and its possible release. Brennan said the agency would learn from its mistakes after 9/11 and would not repeat them.
JOHN BRENNAN: There clearly were a number of things, many things, that I read in that report that were very concerning and disturbing to me. And one that - ones that I would want to look into immediately if I were to be confirmed as CIA director that talked about mismanagement of the program, misrepresentation of the information, providing inaccurate information.
JOHNSON: The Senate confirmed Brennan and then nothing else happened. A CIA spokesman said the agency's working with the intelligence committee to correct the report and eventually to make part of it public. But that could take time, since the politically divided Senate panel needs to vote on the report and then the CIA has to agree to declassify what's secret.
Carrie Johnson, NPR News, Washington.
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