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(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM FILM, "PHILOMENA")

ARUN RATH, HOST:

If you get to the movies regularly, you might know the music of our next guest. Alexandre Desplat has scored dozens of films across an astonishing range of styles and genres: "Zero Dark Thirty," "The King's Speech," "Harry Potter" and "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button." Desplat has been nominated for six Academy Awards. And he's up for an Oscar again, this time for "Philomena."

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM FILM, "PHILOMENA")

RATH: The film tells the true story of a woman named Philomena Lee. In the 1950s, Lee was a naive Irish teenager who knew nothing about sex and got pregnant. She gave birth in a convent, where the nuns forced her to sign away her parental rights. Her son was kept in a home at the convent, and Lee was able to visit him once a day. But when the boy was 3, the nuns sold him for adoption in America.

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "PHILOMENA")

SOPHIE KENNEDY CLARK: (As Young Philomena) Anthony! Anthony!

RATH: Five decades later, Philomena Lee, played by Judi Dench, goes looking for her son. And she has the help of a journalist, played by Steve Coogan.

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "PHILOMENA")

UNIDENTIFIED ACTOR: (As character) They said that you had abandoned him as a baby.

STEVE COOGAN: (As Martin Sixsmith) She's been looking for him. She spent her whole life trying to find him.

JUDI DENCH: (As Philomena) I did not abandon my child.

RATH: I recently spoke with Alexandre Desplat about how he wrote the music for "Philomena." He told me that the starting point for his score was always the main character.

ALEXANDRE DESPLAT: It's about her and the pain and the loss and this journey through life without her son. But it all goes back to the original scene in which she meets the boy that she will make love with.

RATH: This is where the young Philomena meets the young man at the fair.

DESPLAT: Yes, yes. And you hear in the background a carousel playing.

(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "PHILOMENA")

D.J. MCGRATH: (As John) I like your dress. Did you make it yourself?

CLARK: (As young Philomena) No. I bought it in a shop. And anyways, my auntie told me I wasn't supposed to speak to strange men like you.

DESPLAT: That's where you hear that melody for the first time. Subliminally, nobody, I hope notices, but there's a melody playing there. And that's the melody you're going to hear again and again through the film, like these ghosts haunting her. There's a ghost in the film, and it's her boy - who has disappeared.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM FILM, "PHILOMENA") )

RATH: So we feel the character of this woman so strongly in this music, and in this theme. But of course, so much of the marvelous dramatic tension in the film is how utterly different she is from the other main character - this is the Steve Coogan, the journalist character. How did you sort of mix their sensibilities musically?

DESPLAT: Well, the great talent of Stephen Frears all through the film - and, of course, of the writers, Jeff Pope and Steve Coogan - was to balance drama, a very tragic drama; and comedy.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM FILM, "PHILOMENA") )

DESPLAT: Music can't become too tragic or too dramatic. Otherwise, it just makes the boat tilt to the wrong side. You know, if you tilt to too much gravitas, then you kill the comedy. If you - the music is too comedic, it kills the gravitas. It seems easy when you watch a film like this. You think, oh, that's an easy film to score because the music is intimate; there's not a big orchestra. But it's actually, I think, one of the most difficult thing to do.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM FILM, "PHILOMENA") )

RATH: How did you work with the director - with Stephen Frears - in terms of figuring out that balance?

DESPLAT: Hmm. Well, you know, Stephen, he's already an old companion because it's our fourth movie together since "The Queen." He has an incredible sense of humor. And also, when he chooses a collaborator, he trusts him. Great directors have this talent of picking up people for the crew which they can trust. And then they just guide them gently as you guide a fast car. You know, they know that you can go somewhere very fast and very well. And if you get a bit off the track, they'd just bring you back to the track, exactly what Stephen does.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM FILM, "PHILOMENA") )

RATH: You know, I don't - this sounds smug, in a way, but I was impressed with the Academy for nominating this film - again, because the music is subtle. It's not this music that screams out and is going with, like, flags waving and bells whistling. And it seems as though the music - along with the film, obviously - has really landed with people emotionally.

DESPLAT: The music being recognized by the Academy is yes, a great deal for me because through the years, I can see that most of the films that get attention are the films where the music is loud; you know, where there's a lot of music, and it's crying loud. Sometimes, a sparse score is more difficult to do - much more difficult than it seems.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM FILM, "PHILOMENA") )

RATH: That's composer Alexandre Desplat. He wrote the Oscar-nominated music for the film "Philomena," and he joined us here in the studio. Alexandre, thank you so much.

DESPLAT: Thank you for hosting me. Thank you.

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