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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Now to Venezuela, where student-led continue to rock that South American country. At least 28 people have been killed and dozens wounded in confrontations between the security services and those who have taken to the streets. The list of grievances rising crime, inflation, it is long. But the main issue for many is the scarcity of basic food. NPR's Lourdes Garcia-Navarro reports from Caracas on how families there are dealing with getting meals on the table.

ALVARO VILLARUEDA: (Foreign language spoken)

LOURDES GARCIA-NAVARRO, BYLINE: Alvaro Villarueda starts his morning the same way every day - putting in a call to his friend who has a friend who works at the local supermarket. Today, he's looking for sugar and he's asking his friend if he knows if any shipments have arrived.

VILLARUEDA: No, no, no. (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: As he's talking on the phone, his wife, Lisbeth Nello is in the kitchen.

(SOUNDBITE OF CLANGING)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: There are 10 mouths to feed every day in this family - five of them are children, and two of the youngest are still in diapers.

LISBETH NELLO: (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: The things that are the scarcest are actually what we needs the most, Nello says - flour, cooking oil, butter, milk, diapers. I spent last week hunting for diapers everywhere. The situation is really tough for basic goods. As with everything in Venezuela, the reasons given for the food shortages are different depending on your political affiliation. The government says it's the result of unscrupulous businessmen waging an economic war and hoarding by regular people afraid of shortages. Those in the opposition blame a system that imposes price controls, the lack of dollars to buy imports and problems in the supply chain after the expropriation of farms and factories by the socialist government here. Whatever the reasons though, it's meant that Lisbeth Nello spends a lot of time in long lines. It's usually always the women who have to go to the shops and her house is no exception.

NELLO: (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: When we find out there's something we need, she says, in one of the supermarkets, we have to jump and get up very early to get down there. The family lives on a hillside with only makeshift stairs to get to their home. It's a long way to go to the market, and once there, the lines often take hours with hundreds of people standing in them. She says she feels they become like ants - always carrying supplies home. An informal barter system, she says, has developed as well. If she has extra coffee, she can trade it for cooking oil. It's a way of avoiding the long waits for staples.

NELLO: (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: We're always helping each other, she says. We're sending messages to the other members of the family when we find out something is in the market. All supermarkets these days have security, making sure there aren't riots, that everyone stays in line, and that the limits on what they can buy are obeyed.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (Foreign language spoken)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: (Foreign language spoken)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (Foreign language spoken)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: (Foreign language spoken)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: In the slum of Antimano, women are queuing in line in front of a shop. They tell me they don't know what's on offer but they're queuing anyway. It's a sign of the worry many people have of not getting what they need.

ROGER ESCORIHUELA: (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: Inside the market, the manager, Roger Escorihuela, takes me around and points out that the shelves are not bare. There are cereals, eggs and pastas and fancy jams. But the staples that are the subject of price controls - black beans, butter, cornmeal, the list goes on - are missing. He acknowledges he never knows what will be delivered each day by his trucks, which is why people have to phone around to find out what's available. But he insists there is no shortage here and everyone gets what they need eventually. And at least today, he's proven right.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #3: (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA-NAVARRO: A woman walks in looking for toilet paper but there doesn't seem to be any. She then spots a last roll that's fallen behind the shelf. She gleefully grabs it and rushes to pay. Lourdes Garcia-Navarro, NPR News, Caracas.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

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