Copyright ©2014 NPR. For personal, noncommercial use only. See Terms of Use. For other uses, prior permission required.

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

And I'm Melissa Block. Today, Rwandans mark the 20th anniversary of the genocide in their country. It was a murderous campaign of Hutus against Tutsis triggered by the killing of the Hutu president but planned with racist ideology years before. The genocide began on April 7, 1994. It ended three months later with more than 800,000 people killed. It was the fastest genocide in history.

NPR's Gregory Warner was at today's remembrance in the capital Kigali.

GREGORY WARNER, BYLINE: After one minute of silence today at noon, the remembrance began with testimony from a survivor.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Foreign language spoken)

WARNER: Soon after, you could hear the screaming from the bleachers. In the crowd of 30,000 people, first this person then that one would commence wailing and thrashing. Men in yellow vests would lead them, bodily sometimes, to a special trauma room in the stadium basement.

(SOUNDBITE OF MAN SINGING)

WARNER: Twenty years after the genocide, more than half of this country is too young to have lived through it. And much of today's remembrance was educational, an historical reenactment depicted the arrival of the colonialists in the early 20th century. The colonialists, played by eight Russian soldiers stationed in Kigali, were the only white actors in the cast of 800. They measure the Africans' noses and impose a racial hierarchy on what had merely been social distinctions between Hutu and Tutsi.

That, says one of the play's narrators, sowed the seeds of genocide.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Dehumanization started and humans became objects.

WARNER: When the killing starts, the colonialists trade their safari hats for the blue berets of U.N. peacekeepers and they drive off through the fallen and falling bodies. It's a reenactment of the quite literal abandonment of Rwandans in 1994 by the U.N. and then the Rwandan-Tutsi army jogs in.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

WARNER: The crowd cheers these trim young men in camouflage uniforms who tenderly lift each prostrate body until the soccer field is clear.

PRESIDENT PAUL KAGAME: Fellow Rwandans...

WARNER: President Paul Kagame, the former leader of that army, asked the crowd not to forget their abandonment by the U.N. and then in a change, to imagine what would've happened if the U.N. had given its help.

KAGAME: It is not hard to imagine how we could have ended out. We could have become a permanent U.N. protectorate with little hope of ever recovering our nationhood.

WARNER: He describes and archetype of an African failed state fatally dependent on international goodwill, divided and engulfed in never-ending civil war.

KAGAME: With endless streams of refugees and our children sick and uneducated, but we did not end up like that.

WARNER: Kagame has always relished the role of spoiler to Europe's self-regard. He alluded to the absence of the French foreign minister who pulled out after Kagame accused France of having a direct role in the genocide. France only admits to providing weapons and training used by the genociders. Kagame's rejoinder, his only French phrase of the day, got the biggest applause.

KAGAME: After all...

WARNER: After all, no country is powerful enough, he said, to change the facts.

KAGAME: (Foreign language spoken)

WARNER: Facts are stubborn. Outside the stadium, I met a 27-year-old orphan named Claude. He asked that I not record his voice. He shrugged off the diplomatic kerfuffle with France. He said that he had spent the remembrance thinking of his lost parents and elder brother. I asked him to describe his emotions. He said, honor and sadness. Gregory Warner, NPR News, Kigali.

Copyright © 2014 NPR. All rights reserved. No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to NPR. This transcript is provided for personal, noncommercial use only, pursuant to our Terms of Use. Any other use requires NPR's prior permission. Visit our permissions page for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR's programming is the audio.

Comments

 

Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and terms of use, and will be moderated prior to posting. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.