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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin. Since the Affordable Care Act was first passed, Oregon has been an enthusiastic supporter, perhaps more than any other state. The feds gave Oregon several billion dollars to experiment with the way doctors treat patients and millions more to build its own health insurance exchange to get Oregonians covered. The state was set to be the poster child for Obamacare.

But since the marketplace has opened in October of last year, the state's insurance exchange, Cover Oregon, has been plagued by crippling computer problems. So as Kristian Foden-Vencil of Oregon Public Broadcasting reports, this past week, Cover Oregon's board decided to ditch its troubled website and sign up with the federal exchange instead.

KRISTIAN FODEN-VENCIL: The joy with which many Oregonians welcome the Affordable Care Act is evident in the ads that ushered in the new website.

(SOUNDBITE OF COMMERCIAL)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (Singing) Long live the Oregon spirit. Long live the Oregon way to care for each one, every daughter and son. Live long in Oregon. Each logger and lawyer and stay-at-home dad, every...

FODEN-VENCIL: But after six months and about $250 million, they still can't use the website to sign up for coverage on their own. They have to use a navigator. The reasons for the problems are multiple. The state wanted a website that could enroll everyone from individuals to business owners, Medicaid recipients and even children.

On top of that, the contract Cover Oregon drew up with Oracle to build the site didn't link payment with producing a working website. So Cover Oregon's board made a choice. Instead of spend another $18 million to try and fix the troubled website, it would sign up with the feds for about $5 million and be assured of a working system.

GEORGE BROWN: Of course we're very disappointed.

FODEN-VENCIL: Dr. George Brown is a board member with Cover Oregon.

BROWN: And I think disappointment really describes it well. People have worked very hard to make this work. And I think there's been significant success. If you look at the numbers of people who've been enrolled through both the qualified health plan as well as Medicaid.

FODEN-VENCIL: He's right. About 240,000 people did manage to enroll through Cover Oregon, although, many of them had to do it via pen and paper rather than keyboard and mouse. But switching to the federal exchange may cause some headaches of its own. The 70,000 Oregonians who signed up for individual insurance may have to do so all over again, says Clyde Hamstreet, Cover Oregon's third chief in five months.

CLYDE HAMSTREET: Let me say this, nobody has to reenroll now. What we have to do come November, we've got to work out yet.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: So people might have to reenroll in November?

HAMSTREET: They might, and it might be that some companies will have to do it and other companies won't. We have to work that out yet.

FODEN-VENCIL: He says November is important because that's when the enrollment window opens again. And he says the system has to be working. Oregonians may have other problems with the federal exchange, too. For example, 5 of the 16 health insurance companies currently doing business in the state don't have the computer interface needed to work with the federal exchange. So will they go to the expense of setting one up or will they stop doing business locally?

That's unclear. Also, navigators who've been trained to help people sign up for Cover Oregon will now have to be retrained for healthcare.gov. And, says Hamstreet, cuts are being discussed for an as yet unspecified number of the 460 people employed at Oregon's exchange.

HAMSTREET: Cover Oregon certainly is going to be around for 2014. We have a lot of work to do. Exactly what Cover Oregon is going to look like in 2015, I think it's too early to say.

FODEN-VENCIL: Oregon isn't the only state to have trouble with its health insurance website, but it is the first to go from running its own website to joining healthcare.gov. For NPR News, I'm Kristian Foden-Vencil in Portland.

MARTIN: This story is part of a partnership with NPR, Oregon Public Broadcasting and Kaiser Health News.

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