The US economy reached a milestone this week. The country has finally recovered all the jobs that it reportedly lost in the Great Recession, but some states still lag behind when it comes to job growth, including New Jersey. And that state's stalled economy may be another threat to Governor Chris Christie's political ambitions, as NPR's Joel Rose reports.

JOEL ROSE, BYLINE: When Chris Christie took office in 2010, the state had just lost more than 100,000 jobs, but Christie was undaunted.


GOVERNOR CHRIST CHRISTIE: The New Jersey comeback has begun.

ROSE: He talked about the Jersey comeback at town hall meetings, on TV and at groundbreaking events like this one in early 2012.


CHRISTIE: The noise that you hear around - this is the greatest noise I can hear as Governor of New Jersey. It's the noise of construction. We have ended our decade of joblessness, and we're back to letting businesses know that they're welcome to grow here.

ROSE: For a while it seemed like the Jersey comeback was a real thing. James Hughes is a dean at Rutgers and an expert on the region's economy.

JAMES HUGHES: 2011 - job growth accelerated. It accelerated again in 2012. So it looked like it was for real, but then somebody hit the economic pause button in the summer of 2013. And the economy has really been stumbling since then.

ROSE: New Jersey has recovered less than half of the jobs it lost in the recession. A report by the Star-Ledger found it's tied for 48th in private sector job creation since 2010. Wall Street ratings agencies have slashed the state's credit rating six times, and the grumbling from Garden State residents is getting louder.

KELLY CONKLIN: So this is our new shop.

ROSE: Kelly Conklin owns a company that builds cabinets and architectural woodwork in the North Jersey suburbs. Conklin was hoping that Christie, a Republican, would make life easier for small businesses like his. But Conklin says rising fees and tolls to get to job sites in New York City are hurting his bottom line.

CONKLIN: And that falls heavily on small business. I get a bill from the state of New Jersey for $1,500 for fire safety. I mean, that's just outrageous. And it's a hidden tax. We're out here on our own, struggling every day.

ROSE: But that's not what the Governor's economists were seeing. They predicted that tax revenues would go up by a very optimistic 5% this year. That didn't happen, and Christie was forced to plug the budget gap by cutting more than $2 billion in payments to an already underfunded pension system last month.


CHRISTIE: I'm going to pledge to make the payments that we need to make to not dig the hole any deeper. But in a time when we're confronted with this type of challenge, I cannot also pay for all the sins of my predecessors.

ROSE: This week, the State Police Troopers Union filed the first of what may be several lawsuits challenging those pension cuts. The Jersey comeback banner has disappeared from Christie's appearances. Now the state's economy looks like a liability in Christie's possible run for the White House, on par with the ongoing investigations into lane closures at the George Washington Bridge last year.

BRIGID HARRISON: I actually think that it's bigger.

ROSE: Brigid Harrison teaches political science at Montclair State University.

HARRISON: Many voters, particularly independent voters, who might be willing to consider Chris Christie even in the light of bridge-gate, may come to a negative conclusion based on his leadership in the economy.

ROSE: But Christie's defenders say you can't blame him for everything that's wrong with the state's economy. James Hughes at Rutgers says the administration deserves credit for using tax incentives to keep even more jobs from leaving.

HUGHES: I think it's unfair. Some of the problems New Jersey has have been bipartisan and underway for more than a decade.

ROSE: But Hughes says that's part of being governor. You get too much credit when times are good and a whole lot of blame when they're not. Joel Rose, NPR News.

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