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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Theater fans, get ready because tonight, the 68th Annual Tony Awards, Broadway's highest distinction, will be presented at Radio City Music Hall. Honors will go to actors, set and lighting designers. But one group is not eligible for an award - the people who make the wigs that all the stars wear. They're is an essential part of theater craft so Jeff Lunden decided to give them their due.

JEFF LUNDEN, BYLINE: Every time you see a Broadway show, chances are a lot of the actors are wearing wigs.

JASON HAYES: The problem with being a good wig designer is that if you do your job properly, no one knows that any of your work is on the stage.

LUNDEN: Jason P. Hayes is the wig designer for Harvey Fierstein's Tony nominated play, "Casa Valentina."

HAYES: I don't think people realize that half of the people they're looking at are wearing a wig. And that's where a lot of that labor and that love and that work goes unnoticed. Because if you do it properly, no one knows you should - that you were ever in the building.

LUNDEN: Wigs play a central role in "Casa Valentina." The drama is based on a real Catskills resort in the 1960s that catered to heterosexual cross-dressers.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "CASA VALENTINA")

UNIDENTIFIED ACTOR #1: So you wear dresses.

UNIDENTIFIED ACTOR #2: I certainly do not. I wear them one at a time.

(LAUGHTER)

LUNDEN: So Jason Hayes says he had to create wigs that weren't for drag queens, but for transvestites.

HAYES: It's knowing that difference. It's very important and integral to getting the looks and the characters right for "Casa Valentina." It's understanding they're not drag queens. The whole point of their feminine persona is that you should never notice them.

LUNDEN: For the character of Charlotte, Hayes created a realistic 1960s hairdo, painstakingly crafted on a base created from a mold of the actor's head.

HAYES: It's a very fine, mesh lace. So imagine a cross between what looks like window screening, but is as fine as pantyhose. You take one strand of hair, and you hand-knot that on that mesh. So it's almost like you're doing latch-hook - for people who are little bit older - with hair.

LUNDEN: It took Hayes almost a week to weave the thousands of strands of human hair into just this one wig. But actor Reed Birney, who's nominated for a Tony as Charlotte, says that kind of attention to detail helps him as an actor.

REED BIRNEY: It really is a crucial aspect of the performance - this wig, especially, for me. Your self image suddenly changes. I see myself in the mirror, and I know I've got this honey-colored hair and a big swoop. And it really does affect the way you move through space.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "CASA VALENTINA")

UNIDENTIFIED ACTOR #3: Do you always travel as Charlotte?

BIRNEY: (As Charlotte) The sorority has me seeing more than my share of airportS. There are certain advantages afforded a lady traveling alone - doors opened, luggage carried. The conundrum is the use of facilities. Airplanes have one restroom for all, but I'd risk arrest using the ladies room at the airport. And Charlotte in the gents is not an option.

UNIDENTIFIED ACTOR #3: So you?

BIRNEY: Limit liquids.

(LAUGHTER)

LUNDEN: Tony-nominated actress Sarah Greene says the wig she wears in "The Cripple Of Inishmaan" completes her character, a volatile teenager on a remote Irish island in the 1930s.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "THE CRIPPLE OF INISHMAAN")

SARAH GREENE: (As Helen) I want to go out walking with the cripple boy for? It isn't out walking you'd be anyways. It would be out shuffling, because you can't walk.

LUNDEN: Yet, initially, the brunette actress resisted.

GREENE: When they came with the red wig, I was like, oh, no, I want my own hair. And yet, the minute I put it on, it was just like, oh, no, the bold Helen is here.

LUNDEN: If an actor is playing multiple characters, a wig can be crucial in helping to define them. In the Tony-nominated musical, "A Gentleman's Guide To Love And Murder," Tony-nominated actor, Jefferson Mays, plays eight roles.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "A GENTLEMAN'S GUIDE TO LOVE AND MURDER")

JEFFERSON MAYS: (As character) I say, you, there. Hands off that sword. Put down that book. Isn't it enough we let you look? I hate to dash your futile little hopes, but you pay your sixpence and stay behind the ropes.

LUNDEN: The styling of the wigs is important, but so is the stuff they're made of, says Charles LaPointe, who made the hair pieces for the musical. LaPointe, who's got an impressive Broadway resume, has a studio with 23 employees.

CHARLES LAPOINTE: We build everything human hair.

LUNDEN: And where do you get the human hair?

LAPOINTE: Well, we have distributors all over the place. We get some from London. We get - that's, like, fine Caucasian hair. Then, we get Indian hair from Bali. And we get Asian hair from the dime store around the corner.

LUNDEN: Perhaps the most outrageous wigs on Broadway right now sit atop Tony-nominee Neil Patrick Harris's head in the gender-bending musical, "Hedwig And The Angry Inch."

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "HEDWIG AND THE ANGRY INCH")

NEIL PATRICK HARRIS: (As Hedwig Robinson) (Singing) I put on some makeup, turn on the tape deck and put the wig back on my head...

LUNDEN: Mike Potter has designed all eight of Hedwig's hairpieces, which evoke the likes of Farrah Fawcett and Tina Turner, in pink. For this show, Potter's had to come up with a way for Neil Patrick Harris to change his wigs on the fly, so he uses magnets.

MIKE POTTER: They're sewn on these hat bases, called buckrams. And Neil has to do all of his own quick changes on stage. And the magnets are built in his main wig. So when he's in the dark, behind the cart, he just pops it on and it's instantly on his head.

LUNDEN: And Harris wouldn't be Hedwig without wigs.

POTTER: They're a huge, integral part of the character. I mean, wig is in her name.

LUNDEN: The actor will be showing off those expensively shaped locks on the Tony Awards broadcast this evening. For NPR News, I'm Jeff London, in New York.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "HEDWIG AND THE ANGRY INCH")

HARRIS: (As Hedwig Robinson) (Singing) I look up from my vermouth on the rocks, a gift-wrapped wig still in the box...

MARTIN: This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. Our theme music is written by B. J. Leiderman. I'm Rachel Martin.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "HEDWIG AND THE ANGRY INCH")

HARRIS: (As Hedwig Robinson) (Singing) ...Some LaVern Baker and pull the wig down from the shelf. Suddenly, I'm Miss Beehive...

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