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And I'm Renee Montagne. The Obama Administration today will formally ask Congress for more than $2 billion to address the urgent humanitarian crisis along the U.S. border with Mexico. We've been hearing about this story for weeks now. In the last nine months, more than 50,000 children and teenagers have crossed the border illegally on their own. Most come from Central America. And by law, the Administration cannot deport those young people until they have an immigration hearing. And that can take years. President Obama is asking lawmakers for additional money to speed up the process and to help provide shelter for the children while they're awaiting deportation. NPR's Scott Horsley reports.

SCOTT HORSLEY, BYLINE: The White House budget request comes as President Obama's preparing to travel to Texas this week. He's not expected to visit the Rio Grande Valley where most of the Central American children are entering the U.S. But White House spokesman Josh Earnest says Obama already knows what's happening there.

JOSH EARNEST: The president is very aware of the situation that exists on the Southwest border. Senior Administration officials from the secretary of Homeland Security, the secretary of the HHS, even some senior White House officials have travelled in the last several weeks to the Southwest border. What they have seen is troubling.

HORSLEY: The number of unaccompanied minors from Central America picked up by the border patrol has increased nearly tenfold from a few years ago. Texas Governor Rick Perry told ABC this weekend he's been warning the Obama Administration it needs to take a harder line.

GOVERNOR RICK PERRY: This is a failure of diplomacy. It is a failure of leadership from the Administration in Washington, D.C.

HORSLEY: But White House spokesman Earnest insists the president's critics are misreading the problem.

EARNEST: There's some suggestions from our opponents that the problem here is the president's not enforcing the law. The fact is the president is enforcing the law.

HORSLEY: Specifically a law that was passed with bipartisan support six years ago and signed by former President Bush. Marc Rosenblum of the Migration Policy Institute says that law requires the U.S. to hold an immigration hearing before deporting a child from Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador or any other country doesn't border U.S. The idea is to protect vulnerable young people from being inadvertently sent home into forced labor or the sex trade.

MARC ROSENBLUM: And while they wait for that immigration hearing, the law also requires that they be held in the least restrictive custody setting. And what that means in practice is that most of these kids are getting placed with family members in the U.S. while they wait for an immigration hearing.

HORSLEY: And Rosenblum says because the immigration courts are overloaded, the average wait is nearly two years.

ROSENBLUM: We've invested a lot more resources in things like border control than we have in immigration judges. And so system-wide, there are very long wait times to go before an immigration judge.

HORSLEY: So while the Administration has tried to warn Central Americans that youngsters who cross the border illegally won't be allowed to remain in this country, the reality is most do get at least a temporary reprieve to stay here. That word has spread in communities where any escape from violence and poverty is often seen as worth the gamble. What's more, as the number of border crossers grows so does the backlog in immigration courts. The White House is asking Congress to help speed up deportations with more judges, lawyers and more flexibility for the Administration. It's also shifting the most recent arrivals to the front of the deportation line. A move that Rosenblum says could carry more weight than all the public service announcements now running in Central America.

ROSENBLUM: If people start seeing that the person who left last month is back, you know, that sends a powerful message that there's been a change in practices here in the United States.

HORSLEY: Even as it tries to expedite deportations though, the Administration's also asking Congress for more money to house and care for Central Americans arriving by the hundreds every day. The Administration is also drawing attention to the conditions awaiting those who are sent packing. Rosenblum says Americans have to think about what's on the other end of that airplane ride. Scott Horsley, NPR News, The White House.

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