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South African writer Nadine Gordimer has died. She was 90-years-old. Beginning with her first novel in 1953, she merged the personal and political to create a compelling portrait of the injustice of life in her homeland under apartheid. During the height of apartheid, several of her books were banned by the government. But in 1991, she was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. NPR's Lynn Neary has this appreciation.

LYNN NEARY, BYLINE: Nadine Gordimer was born in 1923 to a mother whose family came to South Africa from Britain and a Jewish father who had lived under oppression in his native Lithuania. But she didn't learn her politics a home - rather as she moved out into the wider world - first at university in Johannesburg. She took in what was happening in her country under the government-mandated system of apartheid. Neville Hoad, an associate professor of English at the University of Texas in Austin first read Gordimer when he was a university student in South Africa.

NEVILLE HOAD: She traveled in social circles in Johannesburg that were very much politically engaged, but I also think she was an astute observer of everyday experience in Johannesburg in those years. And if you were paying attention, you couldn't help but notice the injustices of apartheid.

NEARY: "The Lying Days," Gordimer's first novel published in 1953 is the story of a young woman who, like Gordimer, comes from a small mining town and begins grappling with apartheid when she has an affair with a social worker. The author of 15 novels, Gordimer continued to explore the effects of apartheid in books like "A World of Strangers," "the Conservationists" and "A Sport of Nature." She read an excerpt from that novel during a 1987 interview with NPR.

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NADINE GORDIMER: (Reading) At night, I set out and watched the darkness reverted to the manor's garden - the frogs throbbing on and the sea hissing. I'd walked on to the beach - nothing - nothing but gentleness. You know how the Indian Ocean seems to evaporate into the sky at night. In the middle of my witness of a horror of this country, I experienced the white man's peace - I did.

NEARY: It was this ability to capture such contradictions that were part of daily life in South Africa that made her work so crucial, says Hoad.

HOAD: She's the most important South African writer of the 20th century for explaining to the English-speaking world what life under apartheid was like.

NEARY: A member of the ANC and an associate of Nelson Mandela's, Gordimer was never in prison, though, several of her books, including the Booker prize-winning "Burger's Daughter," were banned by the government. But Gordimer did not define her work as political as she explained in an interview with NPR after winning the Nobel Prize in 1991.

(SOUNDBITE OF AN ARCHIVED BROADCAST)

GORDIMER: I've never written anything with the idea of persuading people or exposing something. I've just written about what I've seen, what is there, what I've learned. If there's a message, it's what people read from it.

JONATHAN GALASSI: The thing that's most remarkable about Nadine as a writer was her honesty.

NEARY: Jonathan Galassi of Farrar, Straus and Giroux has been Gordimer's U.S. publisher since the late 1980s.

GALASSI: She wasn't trying to present a political platform, but she was reflecting, in her work, what she sensed. She drew her - her writing from what she knew firsthand, and she transformed it. That's what fiction does. But it was very accurate. Her radar for human politics was super acute.

NEARY: As astute as her political observations were, Galassi says, Nadine Gordimer's real genius was her insight into the way people interact with one another.

GALASSI: She will go down in history as a great writer about human relations, race, sex, politics, class, and I think she'll be read forever.

NEARY: In announcing her death, Nadine Gordimer's family said she cared deeply about South Africa and its ongoing struggle to realize its new democracy. Lynn Neary, NPR News, Washington.

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