RENEE MONTAGNE, host:
And for decades, American manufacturers moved overseas for cheap labor and lax environmental codes. Now plans are underway to build the largest steel mill project in the U.S. in nearly 20 years by a German company. ThyssenKrupp says it's narrowed its choices to sites in Mobile and near New Orleans. Alabama and Louisiana are offering incentive packages believed to be worth more than $1 billion.
Tanya Ott reports from member station WBHM in Birmingham, Alabama.
TANYA OTT: Louisiana and Alabama are putting on a good show right now, and the stakes are high.
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OTT: Foreign automakers have flocked to the Gulf South, building manufacturing plants like this Hyundai one in Montgomery, Alabama. German steel giant ThyssenKrupp wants to be near the action, so it plans to build a massive steel mill that will employ nearly 3,000 workers. It is one of the biggest economic development deals of the decade in the U.S.
Professor NATALIE DAVIS (Political Science, Birmingham Southern College): Any time you have a $3 billion project, you have to sit up straight and say this could be very big for which ever state ends up being able to have this steel mill.
OTT: Political scientist Natalie Davis, of Birmingham Southern College, says state officials are working overtime to court the German company. Both Alabama Governor Bob Riley and Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco have traveled to Dusseldorf to sell their plans to company officials.
Governor KATHLEEN BLANCO (Democrat, Louisiana): Louisiana can compete. We want to compete. We can make them profitable. If they give good-paying jobs to our people, we know that their product can be marketable. We can create an environment, a good business environment for them to work in.
OTT: Louisiana touts the mighty Mississippi river, which can easily accommodate the company's large cargo ships. The state also has more than $5 billion in cash and low-cost hurricane recovery bonds.
Alabama has less money to offer, just over a $1 billion total, pending voter approval, but Alabama boasts what Governor Riley calls the confluence of influence. Six U.S. senators and the governors of Florida and Mississippi have all endorsed Alabama.
Regardless of where the plant is located, economist and steel industry expert Peter Morici, of the University of Maryland, says there's growing concern the battle for new jobs drives economic incentive packages to astronomical heights.
Professor PETER MORICI (Economics, University of Maryland): And one has to wonder whether we're overbuilding, whether we're putting too much of our taxpayer dollars into these kinds of incentives.
OTT: Morici thinks taxpayers give too much for too little in return. He says the real beneficiaries are friends of the politicians.
Prof. MORICI: You know, there is a tight relationship between politicians in both parties and the construction lobbies in all our states.
OTT: The ThyssenKrupp steel mill would create 29,000 construction jobs. Another group that would make a lot of money off the deal is the lawyers who would handle the billion-dollar bond.
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Unidentified Man: Members acting, please stand for the reading of the proclamation from the governor.
OTT: When Alabama lawmakers met last month to approve a bill to free up more bond money, State Representative Alvin Holmes expressed his concerns.
State Representative ALVIN HOLMES (Democrat, Alabama): I'm not going to be for it unless all the attorneys is competitively (unintelligible), all the underwriters are competitively (unintelligible), because when you start the dealing with (unintelligible), you're talking about a lot of money.
OTT: ThyssenKrupp is expected to decide between Alabama and Louisiana in May. But plenty of states are paying attention. Analyst Peter Morici says the German company will produce so much steel at its new plant that it would likely put workers at other homegrown mills across the U.S. out of work. Morici says that's the dark side of economic courtship.
For NPR News, I'm Tanya Ott in Birmingham, Alabama.
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