Mormons Return to Nauvoo Nearly 160 years ago, 10,000 Mormons were driven out of Nauvoo, Ill., and headed for Salt Lake Valley. Today, the little town on the Mississippi River has become a sort of Mormon Mecca, attracting a million tourists a year. The influx of visitors provides an economic boost to Nauvoo, but some residents fear a Mormon takeover. NPR's Howard Berkes reports. See past and present photos of the town.

Mormons Return to Nauvoo

Pilgrims Boost Economy, Stir Tensions in Small Illinois Town

Mormons Return to Nauvoo

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The original Mormon temple in Nauvoo, Ill., seen in an 1846 photo. Arsonists torched the building in 1848. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints hide caption

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Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Hymns of the Nauvoo Refugees

In 1846, the traditional hymn "All Is Well" inspired Nauvoo refugee William Clayton to pen "Come, Come Ye Saints," the Mormon hymn. Listen:

Listen 'All Is Well'*

Listen 'Come, Come Ye Saints'

*All Is Well, performed by The Beehive Band. From 'Hymns, Songs and Fiddle Tunes of the Utah Pioneers' (Honeybee Recordings). Used by permission of The Beehive Band.

In the early 1840s, Nauvoo, Ill., was a thriving city of 10,000 people. Most were members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, better known as the Mormon Church. Mormon President Joseph Smith was Nauvoo's mayor and chief judge, and commander-in-chief of the town's militia. But by the end of the decade, angry mobs suspicious of the new religion and its theocratic city drove most of the Mormons out, sending them on a long westward trek to Utah.

Nearly 160 years later, about a million Mormons a year visit the small town their ancestors fled. Mormon tourism has sparked a revival in Nauvoo's economy, sending real estate prices soaring and filling up shops, restaurants, motels and bed and breakfasts. The Mormon influx has also changed the town's demographics -- nearly 400 of Nauvoo's 1,000 residents are elderly Mormon missionaries stationed at historic sites.

Many Nauvoo residents welcome the renewed Mormon interest in their town, seeing in it the key to their economic survival. But for some, the pilgrims have awakened old resentments -- and fears of a Mormon takeover. NPR's Howard Berkes reports.