Quarreling Queens: Donizetti's 'Maria Stuarda' In real life, Elizabeth I and Mary Stuart were political rivals. But in the opera house passion plays better than politics, so in Maria Stuarda, the two monarchs are also in love with the same man. In Mary's case, her passion proves deadly.

Quarreling Queens: Donizetti's 'Maria Stuarda'

From the Royal Opera of Wallonie

An Audio Intro to 'Maria Stuarda,' featuring the Dixie Chicks

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WHO'S WHO?

  • Patrizia Ciofi ............. Mary Stuart
  • Marianna Pizzolata .... Elizabeth I
  • Danilo Formaggia ........... Robert
  • Federico Sacchi .............. Talbot
  • Mario Cassi ...................... Cecil
  • Diana Axentii ................... Anna
  • Royal Opera Orchestra and Chorus
  • Luciano Acocella, conductor

THE HIT SINGLE

In the final act, Mary Stuart forgives Elizabeth for condemning her, in the aria "D'un cor che muore" — "From a dying heart." Patrizia Ciofi sings Mary in the Royal Opera of Wallonie production.

Patrizia Ciofi sings Donizetti's 'D'un cor che muore'

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The "B Side"

In Act One, Elizabeth wavers when considering Mary's fate, in the aria "Ah, dal ciel descenda un raggio" — "May heaven send a ray of light." The chorus interrupts to urge pity, but Lord Cecil says pity can be dangerous.

Marianna Pizzolato with 'Ah, dal ciel discenda un raggio'

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Elizabeth I condemns Mary Stuart to death, in Maria Stuarda from Liege. The two monarchs are played by Marianna Pizzolato (left, as Elizabeth) and Patrizia Ciofi. J.Croisier hide caption

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J.Croisier

There may not be many connections between 21st-century, American country music and 19th-century, Italian opera. But, as it turns out, there is a link between Gaetano Donizetti's Maria Stuarda and, of all groups, the Dixie Chicks.

During a 2003 concert in London, the Dixie Chicks' lead singer, Natalie Maines, made some unflattering comments about the Bush adminstration's Iraq policies — and about President George W. Bush himself. Immediately, the band found itself in political — and musical — hot water. Many radio stations stopped playing their songs. Former fans urged a boycott of the group's music. A few outraged music lovers even gathered up Dixie Chicks CDs to be smashed by a bulldozer. All the while, there was little support from the music industry and the group's popularity sagged.

Three years later, the Dixie Chicks came back firing — with the album Taking the Long Way, featuring a pointed song called "Not Ready to Make Nice." Many fans were still leery, and the disc didn't get much airplay — but it did top 3 different Billboard charts, and won five Grammies.

As it happens, more than 175 years earlier, Gaetano Donizetti and one of his lead singers found themselves in a similar controversy over Maria Stuarda — an opera about two chicks who also weren't ready to make nice.

The drama, written late in 1834, centers on the historical conflict between Queen Elizabeth I of England and Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots. In the opera, those two royal women engage in some less than aristocratic behavior. Elizabeth sets the tone by referring to Mary as "treacherous." Mary then ramps up the rhetoric by calling the Elizabeth a "vile bastard" who "defiles the soil of England."

As the story goes, when the opera was about to be launched in Naples the singers playing the two lead roles actually came to blows during that climactic scene. The authorities caught wind of this and had a look at the opera's libretto and the king promptly banned the piece.

Donizetti decided to take his opera to Milan. He made a few changes, as demanded by the Milanese censors, and premiered the opera there. And that's where his lead singer joins the story. The role of Mary was sung by the immensely popular soprano Maria Malibran. She didn't much like bending to the will of the censors, and apparently felt that Donizetti's original version of the opera was fine just as it was. So that's exactly what she sang, defying the censors in the process. Upper-crusters in the audience reacted badly, and the opera was banned all over again.

Still, like the Dixie Chicks, Donizetti and Malibran were already stars. And in the long run, a bit of controversy over rudely portrayed political leaders may have made the composer and diva even more popular than they were before.

On World of Opera, host Lisa Simeone presents a production of Maria Stuarda from the Royal Opera of Wallonie in Liege, Belgium, starring sopranos Patrizia Ciofi and Marianna Pizzolato as the feuding monarchs, Mary and Elizabeth.

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