What Makes Something Funny?
MELISSA BLOCK, Host:
Well, that didn't discourage NPR's Jinae West from asking minds both scientific and comedic about one of life's great mysteries. What makes something funny?
JINAE WEST: We'll get to the science of funny in a minute. Let's start, though, with someone who studies comedy without a lab coat.
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BLOCK: My name is Neil Casey(ph). I am a member of the improv comedy troupe Death by Roo Roo at the Upright Citizens Brigade Theatre in New York.
WEST: In the second half, they take a single suggestion and create their own storyline.
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WEST: Everything is made up on the spot - no scripts, no stage direction. So what's funny? Death by Roo Roo member Neil Casey says it's...
BLOCK: In developing what we call games in scenes, which are patterns that are based on something interesting or unusual in the scene, and then we figure out a way to build a pattern off of it.
WEST: Let's say you're in a movie theater with Neil. You try to enjoy the film, but he keeps finding ways to interrupt. He wears a large hat and asked to remove it, says...
BLOCK: Sure, no problem. I'll take this hat right off.
WEST: But then he wants to eat your popcorn, and talks loudly on the phone.
BLOCK: And every time you'd say, excuse me, sir, could you please stop that, I would go: Oh, yes, of course, I apologize. I never meant to bother you at all. And then, of course, I would figure out new ways to do exactly what I just promised not to do.
WEST: In 2003, a team of researchers at Dartmouth College conducted a study to pinpoint the neural responses to humor.
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WEST: The study found that when we detect a joke - the incongruity - it activates the front left part of the brain that makes sense of competing ideas. When we appreciate a joke, that's the resolution. Activity moves to the so-called pleasure center and generates an emotional response, which sounds something like...
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BLOCK: (As Kramer) I'm out.
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WEST: Joe Moran helped to lead the study in 2003, and is now a post-doctoral fellow at the Center for Brain Science at Harvard University. Although theories of humor exist, Joe says that doesn't mean a formula exists, too. We're not all naturally funny. Two people can deliver the same joke, but one will probably tell it better, and anyway...
BLOCK: Humor relies upon the unexpected. I think that's one of the kind of major ingredients of humor - is the idea that when something is found to be funny, then what was just happening, or what precipitated it, is something that was unexpected. That, in some way, kind of tickles this response in the brain.
WEST: The average person laughs about 17 times per day, often without realizing it. And most of what we find humorous aren't jokes but everyday witticisms and daily interactions with friends, with co-workers, with family.
BLOCK: My dad pitched me a TV series, but before he would tell me what it was, he made me agree to be 50-50 partners with him.
WEST: That's Meredith Scardino, a writer for "The Colbert Report."
BLOCK: And I said, no, that's a terrible deal. I'm not going to agree. And he goes: No, no, no, it's such a great idea, you're going to love it. And he said: OK, it's an amazing idea. It's "Seinfeld" in an orphanage.
WEST: Let's circle back to E.B. White. Humor, he writes, has a certain fragility, an evasiveness which one had best respect. Essentially, it is a complete mystery.
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WEST: Well, almost. Jinae West, NPR News.
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