Fiat's First Year Back In The U.S. Marred By Missteps In 2011, the Italian automaker introduced its first car for the U.S. market in 27 years, the Fiat 500. It opened new dealerships to sell only that model, but dealers had to manage without national advertising for months. And when an ad featuring Jennifer Lopez did finally come out, it was panned.

Fiat's First Year Back In The U.S. Marred By Missteps

Fiat's First Year Back In The U.S. Marred By Missteps

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In its 2011 re-entry into the U.S. market, Italian automaker Fiat opened 130 dealerships — or studios, as the company calls them — that sold only the Fiat 500, displayed here outside the Fiat of Lakeside dealership in Macomb, Mich. Carlos Osorio/AP hide caption

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Carlos Osorio/AP

After an absence of 27 years, Fiat cars are back in the U.S. But the launch of the Fiat 500 has been marred by missteps: Sales have fallen far short of expectations, while Fiat partner Chrysler is rapidly improving its U.S. sales. It could take some time for Fiat to once again find itself at home here.

Fiat of Lakeside in Macomb, Mich., used to be a Saturn dealership. Now it's transformed with chic Italian design, from modern lighting to black leather sofas to piping hot Italian espresso from a top-of-the-line machine. But so far, the cars are pretty much getting an American cold shoulder.

Bronx Blunder

In a commercial for Fiat, Jennifer Lopez appears to be driving through the Bronx in the brand's 500. But those New York scenes were shot with a body double — while JLo's close-ups were filmed in Los Angeles.

Fiat YouTube

Dealers across the country managed for months with no national advertising for the car. When Fiat did roll out a TV commercial, actress Jennifer Lopez appeared to be driving a Fiat 500 through her old Bronx neighborhood. It's kind of gritty and genuine, like Chrysler's Eminem commercial.

Turns out, the commercial was mostly shot in Los Angeles and a body double was used for those Bronx scenes. Even so, Fiat of Lakeside sales manager Rick Foley thinks JLo is a fine spokeswoman to build awareness of the car. But what he needs is foot traffic.

"We need stuff that's local, stuff that's here in town, that's in Detroit," he says.

Those regional ads haven't rolled out yet. Dealers also have only one model of car to sell, the 500. Fiat has promised them more models in about a year — maybe a four-door Fiat, maybe an Alfa Romeo. But there's no question it's been a very tough year.

"You know, we had to make a lot of employee cuts and run off pretty much a skeleton crew, because, you know, the money, it's the money thing," Foley says. "We have to watch every dollar and cent."

Happy To See Fiat Again

While there's plenty of disappointment in the launch, Thad Kirk says Fiat's return is a vindication. He's vice president of Fiat Lancia Unlimited, a 1,000-member club for people who love Italian cars. Kirk says Fiat owners were resigned to being a castoff group when Fiat left in 1984.

Fiat 500 Relaunch

An original Fiat 500 car (left) is seen in Rome next to its newer version, which was introduced in 2007. Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty Images

An original Fiat 500 car (left) is seen in Rome next to its newer version, which was introduced in 2007.

Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty Images

1957-1975: The original Fiat 500 is in production worldwide. It becomes an iconic car for the Italian automaker.

2007: Fiat introduces a redesign revival of the original 500, on the 50th anniversary of that car's launch. It has since sold more than 500,000 units worldwide.

2009: Chrysler and Fiat form a partnership in a restructuring deal after the U.S. automaker's bankruptcy, setting the stage for Fiat to re-enter the U.S. market for the first time since 1984.

2011: The 500 is introduced in the U.S. The company hoped to sell 50,000 units in its first year, but had only sold 17,444 through November. The car gets 27 city/34 highway miles per gallon for automatic transmission, and is sold at 130 dealerships around the country at a starting price of $15,500.

Source: Fiat, NPR research

"And we were going to muddle along with old [Fiat] cars and, you know, enjoy them to the best extent we could with no support from a company or from parts suppliers," he says.

So Kirk was among the first in line to buy a new Fiat 500, to add to his stable of three classic Fiats. He hasn't been disappointed by the car, which he thinks follows the Fiat tradition: fun to drive, economical and stylish.

"It's not a car for the masses; it's not going to be the next Toyota Camry or the next Honda Accord," Kirk says. "It's not intended to be that, either. There are certain people who will get it, and the people who get it will really like it and really have a good time with it."

Too Soon To Say?

It doesn't appear sales are being hurt by the old-timers' stereotype that Fiat cars broke down a lot. But the decision to sell the cars in totally separate Fiat dealerships — or studios, as they're called — did slow things down.

Aaron Bragman with IHS Automotive says maybe Fiat should have let existing Chrysler and Dodge dealerships sell the car. But he thinks the problems can be fixed. "It's not yet ... fair to say based on this past year, are they going to be successful or not, because frankly the rollout had some bumps," Bragman says.

He says he'd give the Fiat 500 through next year to prove itself. Meanwhile, Kirk is happy the U.S. has a modern example of the Fiat brand's endurance.

"A lot of the American ones have just vanished: Pontiac, Oldsmobile, all these classic American names are gone, and here's Fiat, you know. What the heck is that all about?" he says.

For Fiat, it's clearly about getting back into a hugely important car market in North America — another step in the plan to turn Fiat-Chrysler into one global player.