In Memoriam 2017: The Musicians We Lost From virtuoso players and visionary composers to charismatic bandleaders and golden-eared producers, explore the musical voices who left us this year.
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In Memoriam 2017: The Musicians We Lost

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In Memoriam 2017: The Musicians We Lost

In Memoriam 2017: The Musicians We Lost

In Memoriam 2017: The Musicians We Lost

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  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/572828157/574479382" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
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Bright voices from every corner of the music world left us this year — from virtuoso players to visionary composers, from charismatic bandleaders to golden-eared producers, from influential inventors to critics and commentators who interrogated and elevated the art they covered. Explore their legacies here.


Pat Greenhouse/The Boston Globe via Getty Images
Jazz critic Nat Hentoff stands in front of his old home in Boston on Dec. 5, 2001.
Pat Greenhouse/The Boston Globe via Getty Images

Nat Hentoff

June 10, 1925 Jan. 7, 2017

Hentoff was a writer for The Village Voice for 50 years. ... He also was a lover and frequent writer on jazz music. From age 11, he was hooked on the genre after hearing the song "Nightmare" by Artie Shaw coming through an open door at a record store. (Read the full obituary)


Courtesy of Luaka Bop
William Onyeabor in an undated photo.
Courtesy of Luaka Bop

William Onyeabor

March 26, 1946Jan. 16, 2017

Onyeabor was something like Nigeria's answer to Parliament-Funkadelic, churning out space-age disco-funk in the 1970s and '80s with synths and drum machines. (Read the full obituary)


Junie Morrison

Date UnknownJan. 21, 2017

When it comes to the funk gods who swung low and sprinkled pixie dust on hip-hop's '90s G-Funk redux, Junie Morrison is of the highest order. His musical contributions to early Ohio Players hits ("Funky Worm") and co-writing and playing on P-Funk's biggest hit ("One Nation Under A Groove") became the sonic blueprint for hits by artists ranging from De La Soul to Dr. Dre.


Maggie Roche performing with The Roches in New York City on May 16, 1979. Ebet Roberts/Redferns/Getty Images hide caption

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Ebet Roberts/Redferns/Getty Images

Maggie Roche performing with The Roches in New York City on May 16, 1979.

Ebet Roberts/Redferns/Getty Images

Maggie Roche

Oct. 26, 1951Jan. 21, 2017

As Ann Powers noted earlier this year, Roche and her sisters wrote songs "about pregnancy, work, family tensions, complex love and the feminine mystique [that] gained clarity from the utterly clear, deliberately imperfect harmonies" Maggie delivered along with her sisters Terre and Suzzy.


Mick Hutson/Redferns/Getty Images
David Axelrod conducts at the Royal Festival Hall in the United Kingdom in 2004.
Mick Hutson/Redferns/Getty Images

David Axelrod

April 17, 1931Feb. 5, 2017

"He is one of the most intriguing arrangers and composers that I've ever heard doing psychedelic rock and funk music together. To me his music is singular," foundational hip-hop producer Pete Rock says. "I'm a digger and there are records that are similar but something about his music stands out on his own. That music is really deadly, and only he could really touch it." (Read the full remembrance)


Al Jarreau performs at 2015 Rock in Rio in Brazil.
Mauricio Santana/Getty Images

Al Jarreau

March 12, 1940Feb. 12, 2017

Since he recorded his first album in the 1960s, Jarreau demonstrated a vocal dynamism and flexibility that outpaced many of his peers — as can be seen in his track record at the Grammys. Jarreau won seven of them over the course of his career, becoming the only vocalist to win plaudits in the jazz, pop and R&B categories. (Read the full obituary)


Rockwalk inductee Clyde Stubblefield speaks onstage in Los Angeles on Jan. 14.
Phillip Faraone/Getty Images for Guitar Center

Clyde Stubblefield

April 18, 1943Feb. 18, 2017

For most of his career, Stubblefield was better known in sound than in name. He joined James Brown's backing band in 1965. ... Songs like "Cold Sweat," "Say It Loud — I'm Black And I'm Proud" and "Mother Popcorn" are now revered as a gold standard for funk drumming. A generation later, he would have an even bigger impact on hip-hop, as the pattern he'd played on 1970's "Funky Drummer" proved irresistible to producers. (Read the full obituary)


Jazz musician Larry Coryell plays guitar as he leads his band, Bombay Jazz, at a World Music Institute concert in New York City in 2010.
Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images

Larry Coryell

April 2, 1943Feb. 19, 2017

Coryell's recordings in the late 1960s — first with his band the Free Spirits, then with the Gary Burton Quartet and finally as a bandleader — predicted the rise of jazz-rock fusion and contributed to the sonic evolution of the genre. It's no wonder that snippets of his work were sampled by renowned producers, including J Dilla and DJ Shadow. (Read the full obituary)


Earl Gibson III/Getty Images
Leon Ware attends the 2016 ASCAP Rhythm & Soul Awards at the Beverly Wilshire Four Seasons Hotel on June 23, 2016 in Beverly Hills, Calif.
Earl Gibson III/Getty Images

Leon Ware

Feb. 16, 1940Feb. 23, 2017

Born in Detroit in 1940, Ware became a Motown songwriter in his 20s. Soon, he was writing for the who's who of Motor City — including Marvin Gaye, whose funk-infused 1976 album I Want You was co-produced by Ware, who also co-wrote every tune on the release. (Read the full obituary)


Dutch piano player Misha Mengelberg performs at the BIM huis in Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1998.
Frans Schellekens/Redferns/Getty Images

Misha Mengelberg

June 5, 1935March 5, 2017

A conservatory-trained composer who played oddball jazz piano and a seemingly disorganized man who helped Dutch improvisers get government support partly by rebranding improvisation as instant composing, ... he was a musical anarchist who taught classical counterpoint and wrote dozens of catchy melodies that rarely sounded like typical jazz tunes. (Read the full obituary)


Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images
Jazz musician and flutist Dave Valentin performs with the McCoy Tyner Trio in New York City in 2003.
Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images

Dave Valentin

April 29, 1952March 8, 2017

Dave Valentin became one of the pre-eminent flutists in Latin jazz. He was known for his creative combination of fusion, pop and R&B. He won a Grammy in 2003 for best Latin jazz album for The Gathering, by the Caribbean Jazz Project. (Read the full obituary)


Joni Sledge of Sister Sledge appears on stage at the amfAR's Cinema Against AIDS Gala on May 19, 2016 in Cap d'Antibes, France.
Andreas Rentz/Getty Images

Joni Sledge

Sept. 13, 1956March 10, 2017

[Sister Sledge's] biggest hit, "We Are Family," written by Bernard Edwards and Nile Rodgers of Chic, came eight years after they got together and during a difficult time for the group professionally. "We were saying: 'Well, maybe we should go to college and just become lawyers or something other than music, because it really is tough,'" Sledge later told The Guardian. (Read the full obituary)


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Chuck Berry struts his signature duck walk while performing in Hollywood, Calif., in 1980.
George Rose/Getty Images

Chuck Berry

Oct. 18, 1926March 18, 2017

Through the late '50s and '60s Berry defined the contours of rock 'n' roll and, along with peers like Little Richard and James Brown, the full-throttle energy on stage that this still-developing high-tempo, electrified style of blues required. His work influenced nearly every popular musician that came after. (Read the full obituary)


Saxophonist Arthur Blythe performs at the Jazz Marathon in the Oosterpoort in Groningen, Netherlands in 1995.
Frans Schellekens/Redferns/Getty Images

Arthur Blythe

July 5, 1940March 27, 2017

Blythe was a commanding figure whose music connected jazz's root system with its freer outgrowths, seemingly without a second thought. It was implicit in his broad-shouldered tone — "round as Benny Carter, ardent as John Coltrane," in the words of Gary Giddins — and through the vibrato that often amplified the sensation of fervency. (Read the full obituary)


Roland founder Ikutaro Kakehashi speaks during an interview in 2000 in Hosoe, Shizuoka, Japan.
The Asahi Shimbun via Getty Images

Ikutaro Kakehashi

Feb. 7, 1930 - April 1, 2017

The 808's candy-colored keys, clunky preset sounds, and small size made it seem more like a Fisher-Price toy than a serious instrument. But that was part of its enduring genius. There was nothing intimidating about the little Roland machines — unlike most synthesizers and drum machines of the time, which tended to be large, expensive, and hard to program. ... Under Kakehashi's lead, Roland's engineers developed synths, effects units, drum machines, and many other devices at a furious clip. (Read the full obituary)


John W. Ferguson/Getty Images
J. Geils of the J. Geils Band performs at Fenway Park in Boston in 2010.
John W. Ferguson/Getty Images

J. Geils

Feb. 20, 1946April 11, 2017

Geils is best known for The J. Geils Band's No. 1 hit, "Centerfold," which spent six weeks atop the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1982 and 25 weeks on the chart cumulatively. ... Even before finding mainstream success in the 1980s, the band was one of the more popular rock acts of the 1970s: It released 10 albums during that decade, touching the Top 10 with 1973's Bloodshot. (Read the full obituary)


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Sylvia Moy, inductee during 37th Annual Songwriters Hall of Fame Ceremony, arrives at the ceremony in New York City in 2006.
L. Busacca/WireImage for Songwriter's Hall/Getty Images

Sylvia Moy

Sept. 15, 1938April 15, 2017

Sylvia Moy was one of the first female producers at Detroit's legendary Motown Records. ... As a songwriter, she wrote for artists like Marvin Gaye and the Isley Brothers. But her most notable creative partnership was with Stevie Wonder. She co-wrote a number of his hits, including "Uptight (Everything's Alright)" and "My Cherie Amour." (Read the full remembrance)


Carlo Allegri/Getty Images
Chris Cornell performs on the main stage during the show at Lollapalooza in Irvine, Calif., in 2003.
Carlo Allegri/Getty Images

Chris Cornell

July 20, 1964May 18, 2017

Cornell played a seminal role in the origins of grunge music, founding Soundgarden in 1984 with Kim Thayil and Hiro Yamamoto. Together with other Seattle acts Nirvana, Pearl Jam and Alice in Chains, the band — and Cornell's voice — would go on to define a sound that cherry-picked elements of punk and metal and distorted them into a distinctive brew all their own. (Read the full obituary)


Gregg Allman performs during All My Friends: Celebrating the Songs & Voice of Gregg Allman at The Fox Theatre in 2014 in Atlanta.
Michael Loccisano/Getty Images

Gregg Allman

Dec. 8, 1947May 27, 2017

The Allmans embarked on lengthy musical explorations that reflected the discipline and dynamics of classical music, the passion of soul and the improvisational spirit of jazz. Gregg Allman's contributions were his singing, his chops on the Hammond organ and his songwriting. As a composer, he wrote songs that not only were FM radio hits back in the '70s but eventually became popular with an entirely new generation of Allman Brothers fans. (Read the full remembrance)


Courtesy of Nonesuch Records
David Lewiston, making one of his field recordings in an undated photo.
Courtesy of Nonesuch Records

David Lewiston

May 11, 1929May 29, 2017

The force behind more than two dozen recordings for the Nonesuch Explorer series, ... Lewiston's ear took him all over the globe, capturing a scope of music that may seem unimaginably broad today. (Read the full obituary)


Peter Schaaf
Paul Zukofsky in 1988.
Peter Schaaf

Paul Zukofsky

Oct. 22, 1943June 6, 2017

A prize-winning youth violinist who survived the glare of life as a prodigy, Zukofsky grew up to become a supremely skilled, if not always approachable, adult musician, and a great supporter of contemporary classical music as a soloist and, later, conductor.


Rick Ardinger/Courtesy of Red House Records
Rosalie Sorrels in an undated photo.
Rick Ardinger/Courtesy of Red House Records

Rosalie Sorrels

June 24, 1933June 11, 2017

Rosalie always considered herself a singer more than a songwriter. Her heroes were people who had what she called "the heartfelt tone" – the Brazilian soprano Bidu Sayão, Billie Holiday, Edith Piaf, Patsy Cline, Sam Cooke, David Hidalgo of Los Lobos. It had nothing to do with genre and everything to do with feeling. (Read the full obituary)


Prodigy of the group Mobb Deep performs onstage at the J.A.M. awards in New York City in 2007.
Bryan Bedder/Getty Images

Prodigy

Nov. 2, 1974June 20, 2017

Prodigy co-founded the Queens-based Mobb Deep in the early '90s, alongside partner Havoc. The two became synonymous with a brand of East Coast gangsta rap that represented the ill street blues, grit and grime of pre-gentrified New York City. ... The music was dark, with eerie undertones that reflected the environmental hazards and criminal exploits of day-to-day living in the hood. (Read the full obituary)


Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images
Jazz musician Geri Allen plays piano as she leads her trio at the Harlem Stage Gatehouse in New York City on March 13, 2014.
Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images

Geri Allen

June 12, 1957June 27, 2017

Allen proved more than a virtuoso able to marshal the greatest rhythm sections; she was a musical partner with prodigious ears, motivated by the percussive energy of the avant-garde, the elusive unified spark of straight-ahead swing and the expressive truth of piano balladry. (Read the full obituary)


French musician Pierre Henry works in a studio in Paris in 2008.
Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images

Pierre Henry

Dec 9, 1927July 5, 2017

[Henry] helped usher in a musical revolution with a style called musique concrète — "concrete music" — collages of prerecorded and manipulated sounds from both electronic and acoustic sources. (Read the full obituary)


Al Pereira/Getty Images
Rapper Fresh Kid Ice (aka Christopher Wong Won) and The 2 Live Crew film the "Shake A Lil' Somethin'" video at Zippers Nightclub in June of 1996 in Miami Beach, Fla.
Al Pereira/Getty Images

Christopher Wong Won

May 29, 1964July 13, 2017

Christopher Wong Won — you might know him as Fresh Kid Ice — was a pioneer rapper of Cantonese and Trinidadian descent [who] co-founded the seminal rap group 2 Live Crew. The group's third album, As Nasty as They Wanna Be, was its most memorable: Authorities in Broward County, Fla., declared the album obscene and promised to arrest record store owners who sold it. (Read the remembrance)


Christopher Polk/Getty Images
Chester Bennington of Linkin Park performs onstage during Rock in Rio USA on May 9, 2015 in Las Vegas.
Christopher Polk/Getty Images

Chester Bennington

March 20, 1976July 20, 2017

At the height of its popularity, Linkin Park toured relentlessly — the band reportedly tallied 342 live shows just in the year 2001. ... Its debut album in 2000, Hybrid Theory, became the best-selling rock album of that decade, and the group went on to sell more than 50 million units. (Read the obituary)


Kristian Dowling/Getty Images
Dr. G. Yunupingu performs at the Australian Independent Records in Melbourne, Australia in 2008.
Kristian Dowling/Getty Images

Dr G Yunupingu

Jan. 22, 1971July 25, 2017

The best-selling Aboriginal musician in Australian history, ... Yunupingu had a sweet tenor voice and a gentle guitar style that took him far beyond his homeland. (Read the full obituary)


David Redfern/Redferns/Getty Images
Glen Campbell performs in 1970 in the United Kingdom.
David Redfern/Redferns/Getty Images

Glen Campbell

April 22, 1936August 8, 2017

Campbell once said he didn't consider himself a "country singer," but rather a "country boy who sings." And historian John Rumble from the Country Music Hall of Fame says Campbell had something few do: "When he was on stage and started to sing, you knew there was a star on stage," Rumble says. "I don't know how to explain it. It's an aura. It's a feeling. You knew this was somebody special." (Read the full obituary)


Barbara Cook attends "Remembering Lenny: A Gala Celebration Of Leonard Bernstein" at Carnegie Hall on April 28, 2014 in New York City.
Laura Cavanaugh/Getty Images

Barbara Cook

Oct. 25, 1927August 8, 2017

The Atlanta-born soprano started her Broadway career in 1951, but it was her 1956 role in Leonard Bernstein's short-lived Candide, with its popular cast recording, that ensured her immortality. ... In 1975, she reinvented herself as a highly regarded concert and cabaret artist. (Read the full obituary)


Guitarist musician and author John Abercrombie performs in concert with his Organ Trio for Bologna Jazz Festival on Nov. 16, 2014 in Bologna, Italy.
Roberto Serra/Iguana Press/Getty Images

John Abercrombie

Dec. 16, 1944August 22, 2017

Abercrombie was a confident but unassuming artist, whose abundant gifts did not include the knack for self-promotion. He emerged in the immediate wake of electric-guitar trailblazers like Sonny Sharrock and John McLaughlin but, at least temperamentally, he belonged more to the generation a decade or so his junior: cheerful omnivores like Pat Metheny, John Scofield and Bill Frisell. (Read the full obituary)


Frazer Harrison/Getty Images for Coachella
Guitarist Walter Becker of Steely Dan performs during the Coachella Valley Music & Arts Festival on April 10, 2015 in Indio, Calif.
Frazer Harrison/Getty Images for Coachella

Walter Becker

Feb. 20, 1950Sept. 3, 2017

Walter Carl Becker founded Steely Dan with singer and songwriter Donald Fagen in 1972, and with the help of many talented session musicians, the band released a string of popular and critically acclaimed albums that combined rock, jazz and studio wizardry in unprecedented fashion. (Read the full obituary)


Producer and musician Holger Czukay died on Sept. 5.
Brill/ullstein bild via Getty Images

Holger Czukay

March 24, 1938Sept. 5, 2017

In its early-'70s prime, Can was dedicated to collective improvisation — as Czukay put it last year to Mojo, "We were not thinking. When you make music together, you have to reach a common accident." At its best, the group sounded like a single organism. But one man, Czukay, collectively tuned them. (Read the full obituary)


Country singer Don Williams performs in the Country Music Festival at Wembley, London in 1982.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Don Williams

May 27, 1939Sept. 8, 2017

Williams topped country charts with regularity through the '70s, in songs characterized by an easygoing, Sunday-afternoon air and delivered with a smooth voice that walked the seam of a front-porch baritone and stage-ready tenor. (Read the full obituary)


Jessi Zazu of the band Those Darlins performs at the 2014 Bonnaroo Music Festival.
Michael Hurcomb/Corbis via Getty Images

Jessi Zazu

July 28, 1989Sept. 12, 2017

As a songwriter, she grew up in front of her loving audience's eyes: Her early Those Darlins songs are sass explosions pierced through with shards of insight, while later ones reveal a woman digging into herself, facing her own vulnerabilities aided by an increasingly sophisticated feminist consciousness. (Read the full obituary)


Grant Hart (second from left) with the band Nova Mob in 1994.
gie Knaeps/Getty Images

Grant Hart

March 18, 1961Sept. 13, 2017

[Hart was] a drummer and songwriter best known as a member of Minneapolis' widely influential punk trio, Hüsker Dü. ... Ten years of collaboration [saw] Hüsker Dü transition from speed-obsessed hardcore punks to the architects of the melodic, high-concept double album Zen Arcade. The trio's final album, Warehouse: Songs & Stories, was a relatively bright piece that would help define the sound of alternative and college rock for nearly a decade after. (Read the full obituary)


Charles Bradley and The Extraordinaires perform during the PANDORA Discovery Den SXSW on March 19, 2016 in Austin, Texas.
Rachel Murray/Getty Images for Pandora

Charles Bradley

Nov. 5, 1948Sept. 23, 2017

Known for a powerful and pained rasp that he used to channel both his demons and deep gratitude, Bradley released his debut album, No Time For Dreaming, at 62. He would become a totemic artist for the Brooklyn label Daptone, best known for its revivalist '60s soul. (Read the full obituary)


Samir Hussein/Getty Images
Tom Petty performs during The Isle of Wight Festival at Seaclose Park on June 22, 2012 in Newport, Isle of Wight, England.
Samir Hussein/Getty Images

Tom Petty

Oct. 20, 1950Oct. 2, 2017

"Music," Petty told host Melissa Block on All Things Considered in 2014, "is a real magic: It affects human beings, it can heal, it can do wonderful things. I've had two people contact me in my life about coming out of comas to their family playing a song to them of mine, that they had liked before they were injured. They credited the song having something to do with that. I find that fascinating. A lot of people have told me, 'This music got me through a really hard time,' and I can relate to that." (Read the full obituary)


Jazz drummer Grady Tate performs during the One Night With Blue Note concert in New York City in 1985.
Anthony Barboza/Getty Images

Grady Tate

Jan. 14, 1932Oct. 8, 2017

The precision and ebullient feeling in Tate's drumming made him a first call, in the studio and on tour, for many of the finest singers of the '60s and '70s, including Ella Fitzgerald, Tony Bennett, Lena Horne and Peggy Lee. ... [And] a generation of kids grew up hearing Tate's voice on the soundtrack for Schoolhouse Rock! (Read the full obituary)


Gordon Downie of The Tragically Hip performs in Winnipeg, Canada, at a free concert in support of children affected by wars in 2000.
Aaron Harris/AFP/Getty Images

Gord Downie

Feb. 6, 1964Oct. 17, 2017

The Tragically Hip has been called Canada's house band, the Canadian Bruce Springsteen, the most Canadian band ever. Over three decades, frontman Gord Downie and his band rose from high school buddies playing bars in Kingston, Ontario, to a national treasure, singing about Canada's landscape and history. (Read the full obituary)


Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images
New Orleans resident and legendary pianist Fats Domino promotes the album Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino in 2007.
Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images

Fats Domino

Feb. 5, 1928Oct. 24, 2017

Between 1950 and 1963, Domino hit the R&B charts a reported 59 times, and the pop charts a rollicking 63 times. He outsold Little Richard, Chuck Berry and Buddy Holly — combined. Only Elvis Presley moved more records during that stretch — and Presley cited Domino as the early master. (Read the full obituary)


Free jazz musician and composer Muhal Richard Abrams plays piano as he performs during a World Music Institute concert in New York City in 2004.
Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images

Muhal Richard Abrams

Sept. 19, 1930Oct. 29, 2017

Abrams was a brilliant, mostly self-taught pianist who combined a strong foundation in the blues with keen attunement to the shadow art of vibration and overtone. While he came up in a hard-swinging jazz context, and created some of his early work in that style, he was serious about a non-idiomatic approach to improvisation. (Read the full obituary)


French singer Johnny Hallyday arrives at the Cannes Film Festival in Cannes, France in 1976. Hallyday was known as the "French Elvis."
AFP/Getty Images

Johnny Hallyday

June 15, 1943Dec. 5, 2017

Although little known to audiences outside the Francophone zone, Hallyday sold 100 million records, dominating the French rock scene for five decades. He also appeared in numerous films. The French referred to him simply as "Our Johnny." (Read the full obituary)


Lil Peep attends the Balmain Menswear Spring/Summer 2018 show as part of Paris Fashion Week on June 24.
Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images

Lil Peep

Nov. 1, 1996Nov. 15, 2017

Born Gustav Åhr, Lil Peep ... was part of a scene that broke a new sub-genre of emo-rap, but his was the most prominent voice, and he was the artist primed to take it into the mainstream. His signature lo-fi, rock-sampling beats and gothic, vulnerable delivery caught the attention of fans and record labels when he moved to Los Angeles. (Read the full obituary)


Michael Putland/Getty Images
Guitarist Malcolm Young performs with AC/DC at the Marquee Club in London in 1976.
Michael Putland/Getty Images

Malcolm Young

Jan. 6, 1953Nov. 18, 2017

Over the decades, AC/DC's swaggering, hard-driving songs — hits like "Highway to Hell," "Back In Black" and "You Shook Me All Night Long" — were power-chord perfection to hard rock and metal fans across the globe, and made the band a multi-decade institution. (Read the full obituary)


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David Cassidy, American pop singer and star of the television program The Partridge Family, walks down a road in Paris in 1974.
Ellidge/Daily Express/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

David Cassidy

April 12, 1950Nov. 21, 2017

Within a year of his screen test, he had been signed to his life-changing role as the oldest child in a family of five aspiring pop singers and their musically gifted mother — played by Shirley Jones, Cassidy's real-life stepmother. By the time he was 20, Cassidy was one of the world's most recognizable television and music stars, even though he had never sung publicly until he became Keith Partridge. (Read the full obituary)


Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images
Producer George Avakian attends The Recording Academy's Special Merit Awards Ceremony on Feb. 7, 2009 in Los Angeles.
Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images

George Avakian

March 15, 1919Nov. 22, 2017

Over the course of a long career that began in his early 20s, Avakian worked closely with many jazz legends, including Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong. He also shaped core perceptions around jazz's historical recordings, creating both the first jazz album and the first jazz reissue program. And he helped put the music in relatable context, savoring his reputation as "the father of jazz album annotation." (Read the full obituary)


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Musician Jon Hendricks arrives at the Kennedy Center Mark Twain Prize presentation ceremony in 2002.
Alex Wong/Getty Images

Jon Hendricks

Sept. 16, 1921Nov. 22, 2017

First and foremost, he was a storyteller: funny, dexterous with language and erudite. Jon Hendricks could reference practically anything in his lyrics — from the controversy over Shakespeare's identity to the Spanish Civil War — and make them swing. (Read the full obituary)


Russian baritone Dmitri Hvorostovsky performs during the Ohrid Summer Festival in Ohrid, Macedonia in 2013.
Robert Atanasovski/AFP/Getty Images

Dmitri Hvorostovsky

Oct. 16, 1962Nov. 22, 2017

After Hvorostovsky won the Cardiff Singer of the World competition in 1989, his success was sealed. ... He told NPR in 2004 that when words fail, the communicative power of singing takes over. "When the words are becoming speechless, hopeless and helpless," Hvorostovsky said, "at that moment, singing starts." (Read the full obituary)


Drummer Sunny Murray performs at the BIM huis in Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1991.
Frans Schellekens/Redferns/Getty Images

Sunny Murray

Sept. 21, 1936Dec. 8, 2017

As one of the leading figures of the free-jazz movement in the 1960s, Murray forged a revolutionary style. ... Best known for his groundbreaking work with pianist Cecil Taylor and saxophonist Albert Ayler, Murray also backed a wide range of other intrepid improvisers, and performed and recorded as a leader through most of his five-decade career. (Read the full obituary)


Mogul host Reggie Ossé attends the Spotify Mogul launch party celebrating the life of Chris Lighty on May 8, 2017 in New York City. Jamie McCarthy/Getty Images for Spotify hide caption

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Jamie McCarthy/Getty Images for Spotify

Mogul host Reggie Ossé attends the Spotify Mogul launch party celebrating the life of Chris Lighty on May 8, 2017 in New York City.

Jamie McCarthy/Getty Images for Spotify

Reggie Ossé

July 8, 1964Dec. 20, 2017

The Combat Jack Show ... scored some of the rarest and rawest hip-hop interviews of an era when rap's center of gravity started its move toward the Internet. Ossé was able to get gems out of otherwise reserved or reclusive rappers by employing a type of interview style many emulate today. (Read the full obituary)


Free jazz trombonist Roswell Rudd performs in 2000.
Andrew Lepley/Redferns/Getty Images

Roswell Rudd

Nov. 17, 1935Dec. 21, 2017

Rudd personified a warm and agreeable bluster as an improviser, with a sound that was unmistakable in any setting. And those settings varied wildly, because Rudd was the sort of musician who couldn't help but draw connections: between throwback jazz traditions and a forward-hurtling revolution; between folk customs from far-flung hemispheres; between musicians of divergent backgrounds, objectives and approaches. (Read the full obituary)

Correction Dec. 29, 2017

A previous version of this list incorrectly stated that Johnny Hallyday died on Nov. 5. He died on Dec. 5.