Deadly Blast At Bogotá Police Academy Stokes Fears Of Return To Colombia's Dark Past
Updated Jan. 18 at 11:02 a.m. ET.
At least 21 people were killed and dozens injured in a car bomb blast at a police academy in Colombia's capital, Bogotá, on Thursday morning, according to officials, who called it a terrorist act.
Columbia's defense minister blamed the attack on a leftist rebel group called the National Liberation Army, or ELN, which has carried out occasional attacks in the country. The bombing has stoked anxiety about a return to the decades when innocent Colombians got caught up in conflicts with rebel groups and drug cartels.
Chaos pierced the calm Thursday when a man drove up to the gates of the Escuela General Santander around 9:30 a.m. local time, according to local news reports. He accelerated, crashing into a wall. Then the explosion went off.
Videos on social media show stretcher-carrying officers hustling the wounded past a blackened shell of a vehicle. The windows of area buildings are blown out and debris lines the street.
Chief Prosecutor Néstor Martínez identified the attacker as José Aldemar Rojas, an ELN operative who had previously lost an arm in an explosives accident, according to The Associated Press. He was allegedly driving a 1993 Nissan SUV loaded with 175 pounds of pentolite, a highly explosive material.
Colombia's Health Ministry said 35 people were wounded in the blast. Other sources put the number at 54.
Los colombianos nunca nos hemos sometido al terrorismo, siempre lo hemos derrotado y esta no será la excepción: Pte @IvanDuque pic.twitter.com/gXQGtCzFEH— Mindefensa (@mindefensa) January 17, 2019
Those hurt and killed were "unarmed students," according to Bogotá Mayor Enrique Peñalosa.
City officials appealed to the public to donate blood to victims of the explosion.
After news of the attack emerged, President Iván Duque vowed to bring the perpetrators to justice. "This insane terrorist act will not go unpunished," Duque said. "We Colombians have never submitted to terrorism; we have always defeated it."
The U.S. Embassy condemned the attack and affirmed its solidarity with the people and police of Colombia.
"EEUU condena el ataque a la Escuela General Santander de la @PoliciaColombia. Nuestras condolencias y compasión para todas las víctimas y familiares de los asesinados. Seguimos solidarios con nuestros aliados y amigos, el pueblo y la policía de Colombia" https://t.co/dJSRgzEpc1— US Embassy Bogota (@USEmbassyBogota) January 17, 2019
The mayor sought to calm fears, saying city residents "can rest easy. ... There is no indication of another terrorist attack."
Thursday's explosion ended a tenuous feeling of peace in the city in recent years.
"This brings back terrible memories of passing by cars left alone and wondering if there was a car bomb," Arlene B. Tickner, a political scientist at the city's Del Rosario University, told The New York Times.
"Over recent decades, there were many bombings in Colombia because of the conflict between the government and leftist guerrilla groups and drug cartels," reports NPR's Philip Reeves. "These tapered off after the largest rebel group FARC signed a peace agreement in 2016. But peace negotiations are stalled with ... the National Liberation Army. Colombia will likely lay blame on neighboring Venezuela, which it accuses of harboring ELN guerrillas."
Last year, the National Liberation Army killed five police officers and wounded more than 40 others after bombing a police station in the northern city of Barranquilla. That attack served to derail peace talks between then-President Juan Manuel Santos and the leftist group.
Duque, who took office in August, has rejected resuming peace talks with the group.