What Each State Is Doing To Fight The Coronavirus State leaders are taking a variety of approaches to fighting the global pandemic — from stay-at-home orders to county-by-county directives. Check out how your state is trying to keep residents safe.
NPR logo Most States Have Enacted Sweeping Coronavirus Measures. Here's What Each Is Doing

Most States Have Enacted Sweeping Coronavirus Measures. Here's What Each Is Doing

Updated Wednesday, April 1 at 4:10 p.m. ET

A delivery driver rides through Harlem last month as fears heighten over the coronavirus pandemic in New York City. Spencer Platt/Getty Images hide caption

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Spencer Platt/Getty Images

A delivery driver rides through Harlem last month as fears heighten over the coronavirus pandemic in New York City.

Spencer Platt/Getty Images

As the coronavirus has spread to every state and the District of Columbia, state and local governments are taking a range of escalating steps to try to stop the spread.

A number of state leaders have issued sweeping restrictions, including stay-at-home orders.

Others have issued directives focusing on counties in which cases are thought to be spreading through communities.

The measures taken show how the coronavirus has affected the many institutions of daily life, including schools, businesses, hospitals, nursing homes and prisons.

Here's a look at how leaders in each state and the District have been trying to contain the highly contagious disease in recent days:

Alabama

  • Gov. Kay Ivey has prohibited all non-work gatherings of 10 persons or more – or any non-work gathering that cannot keep a 6-foot distance between people.
  • The governor released a video on March 30 urging Alabamans to "consider staying safe at home," but did not issue a statewide order to do so as other states have done.
  • Restaurants and bars are open for takeout or delivery only.
  • The governor ordered that most non-essential businesses close effective March 28 at 5 p.m. These include entertainment venues, athletic facilities, hair and nail salons and retail stores. Alabama's beaches have been closed since March 19.
  • Elective dental and medical procedures are delayed.
  • All Alabama public schools are closed through the end of the academic year. Starting April 6, Ivey has ordered that all public K-12 schools complete the year "using alternate methods of instruction."
  • Ivey says local authorities can allow law enforcement officers to issue a summons instead of making an arrest for misdemeanors, with some exceptions, to reduce movement in and out of jails.

Alaska

  • Gov. Mike Dunleavy ordered Alaskans to shelter at home and close all non-essential businesses effective March 28 at 5 p.m. Most travel within the state has been banned. Travel has been banned in between communities in the state, unless that travel is to support critical infrastructure or is for critical personal needs."
  • The governor ordered that restaurants and bars be open for pickup or delivery only.
  • Anyone arriving in Alaska has been ordered to self-quarantine for 14 days and fill out a "mandatory Travel Declaration Form."
  • State authorities are prohibiting gatherings of more than 10 people and requiring that businesses and gatherings shut down if individuals are within 6 ft of each other.
  • Public and private schools are suspended until at least May 1.

Arizona

  • Gov. Doug Ducey says that in counties with confirmed coronavirus cases, restaurants must provide dine-out options only and bars must close. Movie theaters and gyms in those counties are also ordered to close.
  • Ducey halted all elective surgeries in the state.
  • The governor announced $5 million in funding for people having trouble paying rent because of the outbreak.
  • Ducey announced statewide school closures were being extending through the end of the academic school year, beyond the previous closure through April 10.
  • An executive order signed on March 24 delays the enforcement of eviction action orders for renters for 120 days.

Arkansas

  • The Arkansas secretary of health is prohibiting gatherings of more than 10 people "in any confined indoor or outdoor space."
  • Gov. Asa Hutchinson has issued an executive order to "fully leverage telehealth" in the state, and loosened regulations to help patients access therapists over the phone.
  • Arkansas public schools will be closed to on-site classes through April 17.
  • The Arkansas Department of Health is recommending a self-quarantine for people arriving in the state from New York and all international locations.

California

  • Gov. Gavin Newsom issued an order mandating that individuals must stay home, except for activity "needed to maintain continuity of operation of the federal critical infrastructure sectors, critical government services, schools, childcare, and construction." Essential services will remain open, such as grocery stores and pharmacies.
  • Newsom signed in executive order March 30 ordering a 90-day extension for small businesses for tax returns and tax payments. The order also extends the statute of limitations to file tax refund by 60 days.
  • Nonessential medical care and elective procedures must be rescheduled.
  • With some exceptions, people are not allowed to visit family members in hospitals or nursing homes.
  • Newsom says that financial institutions will offer a 90-day grace period for mortgage payments to people economically impacted by the outbreak. The governor also banned all evictions through May 31.

Colorado

  • Gov. Jared Polis issued a stay-at-home order, effective March 26 at 6 a.m. MT. The order further extends restrictions imposed when Polis declared a state of emergency on March 11.
  • All businesses not defined as "critical businesses" must close and social gatherings are prohibited. According to the state's Department of Public Health & Environment, "critical businesses" include restaurants (for takeout and delivery only), marijuana dispensaries, pharmacies, liquor stores and gun shops.
  • People are required to stay at least 6 feet from others in public.
  • The order "remains in effect through April 11, 2020 unless rescinded or modified by further Executive Order."

Connecticut

  • Gov. Ned Lamont directed all nonessential businesses and not-for-profits to stop all in-person activities starting at 8 p.m. on March 23.
  • Connecticut residents have been told to stay at home. The governor said that nonessential gatherings should be canceled, and people should try to keep a distance of 6 feet from each other "whenever possible."
  • Young people have been told to "avoid contact with vulnerable populations."
  • Lamont says the state's small businesses and nonprofits impacted by the virus may apply for "one-year, no-interest loans of up to $75,000."
  • The cancellation of classes at public schools was extended through at least April 20.
  • The state's 2020 presidential primary election has been rescheduled to June 2.

Delaware

  • Gov. John Carney ordered people in his state to stay at home when possible, starting 8 a.m. on March 24 until May 15 or "until the public health threat is eliminated."
  • The governor issued an order that by 8 a.m. ET on April 6, child care facilities that remain open "only serve children of essential personnel." Those facilities not designated as "Emergency Childcare Sites" are directed to close by the morning of April 6.
  • Carney also ordered nonessential businesses in Delaware to close starting March 24.
  • The governor issued an order on March 29 requiring anyone who enters the state and "is not merely passing through" to self-quarantine for 14 days or for the duration of the individual's stay in the state, whichever period is shorter. Exceptions will be made for public safety, public health or health care personnel.
  • Upstate trout fishing season opens early, on March 31, to "help minimize crowds and accommodate outdoor recreation."
  • A modification to the state emergency declaration rescheduled Delaware's presidential primary to June 2, and suspended residential foreclosures and evictions. Schools have been ordered to remain closed through at least May 15.

District of Columbia

  • Mayor Muriel Bowser ordered all nonessential businesses closed and prohibited gatherings of more than 10 people, effective March 25 at 10 p.m. ET through April 24.
  • The mayor announced a district-wide stay-at-home order with the exception of performing essential activities like shopping for groceries or obtaining medical care. The order is effective at 12:01 a.m. on April 1.
  • Officials in the District Of Columbia announced there will be just 20 in-person voting sites for the June 2 presidential primary and urged voters to vote by mail.
  • D.C. Public Schools are closed through April 24 and students have moved to distance learning. Schools continue to provide meals to students.
  • Restaurants remain open for takeout and delivery only.

Florida

  • Gov. Ron DeSantis has issued a stay-at-home order directing state residents to remain indoors for 30 days, limiting movement to obtain "essential services" or to conduct "essential activities." The order goes into effect at midnight on April 2.
  • All public and private K-12 schools are closed through at least April 15.
  • Some municipalities across the state have enacted even more stringent measures, with curfews and fines to discourage people from leaving their homes.
  • Beaches in Broward and Palm Beach counties were ordered closed, but beaches in other parts of the state remain open.
  • DeSantis moved to allow recently retired law enforcement and healthcare workers to immediately re-enter the workforce
  • DeSantis issued an executive order directing all Florida residents traveling from New York, New Jersey or Connecticut to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Georgia

  • Kemp announced Wednesday in a press conference that he is issuing a state-wide shelter in place order; he'll sign it on Thursday and it will go into effect on Friday. Kemp also announced a second executive order that will close public schools in the state for the rest of the academic year.
  • Several counties in Georgia including DeKalb, Gwinnett and Cobb have issued stay at home orders, as has the city of Atlanta.
  • Kemp said Tuesday that the Georgia National Guard will be deployed to assisted living facilities and nursing homes to assist with containment measures.
  • Statewide, there is a shelter-in-place order only for "medically fragile individuals," those with underlying conditions that make them especially vulnerable to severe or fatal coronavirus infections.
  • All public elementary and secondary schools are closed until at least April 27.
  • Gov. Brian Kemp declared a public health state of emergency and ordered all bars and nightclubs closed, as well as banning gatherings of more than 10 people unless social distancing is followed.
  • State officials will be enforcing a social distancing mandate at parks and lakes that people stay six feet apart.

Hawaii

  • Gov. David Ige has ordered that everyone in his state stay in their place of residence, with exceptions for essential business or activities, or if they cannot work from home.
  • Penalties for intentionally breaking the order include a fine of up to $5,000, a year in prison, or both. The order went into effect March 25 and will remain in force until April 30.
  • Ige has ordered that everyone arriving in Hawaii complete a mandatory 14-day self-quarantine.
  • Restaurants must close or provide only takeout or delivery.

Idaho

  • Gov. Brad Little issued a proactive emergency declaration on March 13, allowing the governor more flexibility to expedite the purchase of supplies, such as respirators.
  • The governor on March 25 issued a statewide stay-home order effective for 21 days.
  • Idaho's Department of Health and Welfare issued an order to self-isolate for residents of Blaine County.
  • The governor issued proclamations allowing emergency refills of up to 90 days for existing medications while also suspending Medicaid copay requirements during this emergency.
  • The state moved nearly $40 million to a disaster relief fund available immediately to first responders, health care workers and groups working to provide ventilators, hospital beds, rapid test kits and other critical supplies.

Illinois

  • Gov. JB Pritzker issued a disaster proclamation on March 9.
  • The governor issued a stay-at-home or in-place-of-residence order that allows for residents to leave for essential activities, essential government functions or to operate essential businesses or operations. The order lasts until April 30.
  • Hundreds of thousands of students who attend Chicago Public Schools will start receiving daily learning activities remotely starting on April 13, the mayor's office announced on Monday.
  • The governor ordered all schools throughout the state closed until March 30. This was extended to April 7 under the stay-at-home order.
  • All bars and restaurants will close throughout the state for on-site consumption through April 7.
  • SNAP benefits were expanded, "increasing monthly benefit amounts, expanding SNAP access, and expediting process and flexibility."

Indiana

Iowa

  • Gov. Kim Reynolds signed a disaster emergency declaration on March 9. And on March 24, President Trump approved her request for a Major Disaster Declaration, facilitating federal funds for the state's response.
  • Reynolds on March 15 recommended schools across the state close for four weeks.
  • The governor issued additional measures on March 26 suspending elective and nonessential medical procedures and expanding retail business closures. Temporarily shuttered businesses include restaurants and bars, performance venues and theaters, casinos and any gatherings of more than 10 people.
  • The state said existing permits to carry or acquire a firearm will not expire until further notice.

Kansas

  • Gov. Laura Kelly issued an emergency declaration on March 12, as officials announced the state's first coronavirus-related death.
  • The governor extended the closings of K-12 schools for the duration of the academic school year.
  • Kelly has also signed a statewide stay-at-home order that will remain until place until at least April 19. The directive shuts down businesses, government and other operations unless considered essential.
  • After initially ordering gatherings limited to 50 people, state officials issued a revised order limiting gatherings to 10 people.
  • Kelly issued an executive order temporarily preventing foreclosures and evictions.
  • Additionally, an executive order was issued preventing trash and recycling companies from canceling or suspending removal services "as a result of nonpayment due to significant loss of income or increase in expenses resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic."

Kentucky

  • Gov. Andy Beshear declared a state of emergency in Kentucky March 6 as the state announced its first confirmed case of the coronavirus.
  • "All non-life-sustaining businesses" were ordered to halt their in-person operations beginning March 26. The few exceptions included grocery stores, gas stations, hardware stores and firearm and ammunition retailers.
  • Beshear also signed an order urging Kentucky residents not to leave the state.
  • The governor temporarily suspended all charitable gaming licenses, closing bingo halls.
  • In Louisville, Mayor Greg Fischer ordered all 120 of the city's playgrounds and parks closed.

Louisiana

  • Gov. John Bel Edwards declared a public health emergency on March 11. By March 24, President Trump had approved the governor's request for a Major Disaster Declaration, allowing the federal government to offer more support for state and local agencies.
  • Edwards issued a statewide "Stay At Home" order through the morning of April 13. People can still do essential tasks such as go to the grocery store, pick up prescriptions or go to work "if absolutely necessary."
  • A public health proclamation closed bars, casinos and movie theaters. Restaurants can operate takeout and drive-through services only.
  • The governor also closed public schools statewide through April 30, and he said Monday that schools will likely be shut down even longer.

Maine

  • Gov. Janet Mills issued an order, effective April 2, directing residents to "stay at home at all times unless for an essential job or an essential personal reason, such as obtaining food, medicine, health care, or other necessary purposes."
  • The state legislature approved Gov. Mills' emergency package worth roughly $11 million that expands eligibility for unemployment benefits and prohibits utilities from terminating residential electric and water service.
  • Maine announced the closure of several coastal state parks and beaches to reduce spread of the virus from March 27 until April 8.
  • Dine-in services are prohibited at bars and restaurants as are gatherings of 10 or more people. The governor ordered non-essential businesses that are public facing to close from March 25 until at least April 8.

Maryland

  • Gov. Larry Hogan declared a state of emergency on March 5, after the state confirmed its first three positive cases of COVID-19.
  • Hogan announced a statewide stay at home order effective 8 p.m. March 30.
  • All public K-12 schools throughout the state are closed from March 16-April 24.
  • All day care facilities were ordered closed by the end of the day March 27. Exceptions will be made for facilities providing childcare assistance to essential personnel.
  • The governor also ordered recreational and entertainment facilities such as malls, casinos and racetracks to close. Restaurants and bars that serve food are carryout or delivery only.
  • Hogan signed an executive order allowing restaurants, bars, distilleries and wineries to allow carryout and delivery of alcohol, subject to local laws.

Massachusetts

  • Gov. Charlie Baker declared a state of emergency on March 10 and has since limited indoor gatherings to 10 people or less.
  • Baker on March 27 ordered all travelers arriving from out of state to self-quarantine for 14 days. Residents over 70 or with underlying health conditions have been "strongly advised" to stay home.
  • The governor also ordered nonessential businesses to close throughout the state until May 4. Businesses that provide essential services, such as restaurants and pharmacies, are excluded, including liquor stores and medical marijuana shops. Restaurants may operate through carryout and delivery service only.
  • All K-12 schools and non-emergency early education programs were ordered closed through May 4.
  • Baker issued an emergency order allowing physicians who retired in good standing within the past year to reactivate their licenses.
  • State courts announced that no evictions would occur until at least April 21.
  • State authorities roll out an online portal to facilitate the donation or sale of personal protective equipment.

Michigan

  • Gov. Gretchen Whitmer declared a state of emergency on March 10 as two officials announced the first presumptive cases of COVID-19 cases.
  • On March 16 the governor signed an executive order restricting most gathering to groups of 50 people or less. That order is in effect until April 5. Michigan restaurants were also ordered to suspend dine-in service, but can continue to provide delivery and carry out options.
  • The governor issued a stay-at-home order effective March 24 at 12:01 a.m. and will stay in place for at least the next three weeks.
  • Whitmer signed an executive order extending deadline to complete canvass from the March 10 presidential primary by a month to April 24.
  • All K-12 public, private and boarding school buildings were ordered closed through April 5.
  • Whitmer issued an executive order temporarily suspending eviction allowing residents to remain in their homes even if they are unable to pay their rent or mortgage. The order goes through April 17. The governor also expanded eligibility for unemployment benefits.
  • The governor also signed an order to protect incarcerated people held in county jails, local lockups and juvenile detention centers during the outbreak. It identifies people potentially eligible for early release including inmates who are aging or those with chronic conditions, pregnant women or people nearing their release date, and anyone incarcerated for a traffic violation and failure to appear or failure to pay.
  • President Trump authorized the use of the National Guard in the state for "humanitarian missions across the state" — such as support with testing, food and medical supply distribution, and disinfecting public spaces.

Minnesota

  • Gov. Tim Walz issued a stay-at-home order effective March 27 at 11:59 p.m. through April 10 at 5 p.m. CT.
  • The governor declared a peacetime emergency on March 13 as the state also announced 14 confirmed cases.
  • Walz issued an executive order prohibiting price gouging throughout the state on any essential consumer goods or services such as fuel, food or health care products and services "for an amount that represents an unconscionably excessive price."
  • The governor issued a "temporary moratorium on eviction actions" allowing residents to remain "stably housed" while safeguarding the public.

Mississippi

  • Gov. Tate Reeves declared a state of emergency on March 14 to help prevent the spread of the virus.
  • Reeves ordered all public schools in the state closed until April 17.
  • In a Facebook video to constituents on March 23 Reeves said his state is not currently ordering businesses to temporarily close or issuing a statewide stay-at-home order. "Please understand we are doing everything in our power to listen to the experts. But we're not going to make rash decisions simply because some other states decide to do things."
  • On March 24 the governor signed an executive order restricting gatherings to groups of 10 people or less; bars and restaurants move to drive-thru, delivery or carryout unless able to reduce dine-in service to less than 10 people. That order is in effect until April 17.
  • On March 26 the governor announced a strategy to "play offense" to help suppress the spread of the virus. This includes clarifying no public safety measures adopted by local jurisdictions can be less restrictive than his statewide order.
  • It also clarified there will be penalties for those who defy quarantine rules for individuals who test positive for the coronavirus or persons who have been in close contact with someone with COVID-19.

Missouri

  • Gov. Mike Parson declared a state of emergency on March 13.
  • The governor signed an executive order on March 27 to begin mobilizing the Missouri National Guard. The order goes through at least May 15.
  • State officials are calling on Missourians to avoid social gatherings of more than 10 people.
  • The officials are calling on people to "avoid eating or drinking at restaurants, bars, or food courts."
  • Gov. Mike Parson says that many restaurants "have been forced to limit their normal business operations or cease operations to promote public health," and signed an order to allow them to sell unprepared food.
  • Missouri public school districts and charter schools are closed.

Montana

  • Gov. Steve Bullock issued a statewide stay-at-home directive from March 28 through April 10.
  • The order requires all businesses and operations in Montana to stop their operations, with exceptions for essential businesses.
  • The governor has directed that restaurants and bars close for on-site patrons, though takeout and delivery options are encouraged.
  • The state Department of Corrections has suspended visitation at all facilities.
  • Bullock has directed the closure of public K-12 schools until March 27.
  • All travelers arriving in Montana from out of the state for non-work purposes are directed to self-quarantine for 14 days.
  • The state temporarily halted "evictions, foreclosures and cancellation of utility services including water, heating and internet service."

Nebraska

  • Gov. Pete Ricketts says the whole state must limit social gatherings to 10 people. Social distancing regulations statewide are in place through April 30.
  • More than 40 counties across the state are subject to a measure that requires restaurants and bars to move to takeout and delivery options, and schools to close their buildings to students.
  • Outside of those counties, restaurants and bars are "encouraged" to transition to takeout options but may have up to 10 on-site patrons.
  • The state Department of Education has recommended that schools "move to an alternate learning structure" for six to eight weeks.

Nevada

  • The state issued a stay-at-home directive, making a previous advisory mandatory beginning April 1. The order, which exempts certain "essential employees" such as medical professionals, extends through at least April 30.
  • Gov. Steve Sisolak has ordered nonessential businesses to close until April 30, in a directive that grants local governments the authority to impose fines for non-compliance.
  • Sisolak has said that school buildings won't open until at least April 16.
  • State officials are also waiving work search requirements to access unemployment insurance benefits, among other measures.
  • The governor signed an executive order banning the use of two prescription drugs — chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine — to treat COVID-19. It exempts those receiving in-patient treatment for lupus or other diseases. The regulation is intended to thwart hoarding of the drugs.
  • The state issued a moratorium on all evictions, with a 90-day grace period on mortgage payments and measures to "ensure that no one is hit with a giant lump sum payment if they need to stop making payments for a couple of months."

New Hampshire

  • Gov. Chris Sununu has prohibited scheduled gatherings with 10 or more people until April 6, with a number of exceptions. All restaurants and bars in the state are required to serve patrons by takeout, delivery and drive-through methods only.
  • Sununu has expanded the number of circumstances that qualify for state unemployment.
  • Sununu also ordered all K-12 public schools to use remote instruction through May 4. Standardized testing requirements are also suspended.
  • The governor has ordered the closure of all non-essential businesses and required residents to stay at home except in certain select circumstances.
  • Business tax payment deadlines for most of the small businesses throughout the state are delayed until June 15.

New Jersey

  • Gov. Phil Murphy has instructed New Jersey residents to stay home indefinitely, except for "obtaining essential goods or services, seeking medical attention, visiting family or close friends, reporting to work, or engaging in outdoor activities."
  • All gatherings are prohibited, with very few exceptions, and people must stay at least 6 feet apart from each other in public if possible.
  • The state's attorney general has said that law enforcement will enforce the governor's executive orders, and people who don't comply will face criminal charges.
  • Businesses are directed to switch to work-from-home arrangements wherever possible.
  • Murphy says state officials are working to reopen closed hospitals and set up regional field medical stations to add at least 2,300 beds.
  • All pre-K-12 schools have been ordered to close.

New Mexico

  • Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham has announced that as of March 24, all nonessential businesses must close and 100% of nonessential workforce must work from home.
  • Businesses that fail to comply could "lose their licenses to operate and face criminal or civil penalties."
  • Gatherings of five or more people in outdoor spaces are not allowed.
  • Grisham has ordered people traveling by plane to the state to self-quarantine for at least two weeks.
  • K-12 public schools will remain closed through the rest of the school year, and public education will switch to learn-at-home.

New York

  • Gov. Andrew Cuomo mandated that 100% of the workforce stay home, except for essential services, as of 8 p.m. on March 22 through April 15.
  • In public, people must try to stay at least 6 feet from others. Businesses deemed essential must help implement social distancing.
  • Cuomo has temporarily banned "all nonessential gatherings of individuals of size for any reason."
  • New York schools statewide are closed until at least April 15.
  • The state has built a 1,000 bed temporary hospital in New York City, at the Javits Center, and is seeking to build more.

North Carolina

  • Gov. Roy Cooper announced a statewide stay-at-home order that will be in effect from March 30 through April 29. The order allows for North Carolina residents to leave for "essential activities" and must maintain social distancing of at least six feet.
  • K-12 public schools statewide are closed through May 15.
  • Long-term-care facilities are directed to restrict visits "except for certain compassionate-care situations."
  • The state is temporarily prohibiting utilities from cutting off people who are unable to pay for their "electric, gas, water and wastewater services."

North Dakota

  • Restaurants and bars are closed to on-site patrons until April 6, but takeout and delivery services can continue.
  • President Trump has approved North Dakota's request for a major disaster declaration to free up federal aid to the state.
  • Gov. Doug Burgum has expanded eligibility for unemployment benefits.
  • Many types of businesses have been ordered to close, including recreational facilities, gyms, theaters and "all salons operated by licensed cosmetologists."
  • North Dakota school districts have until March 27 to submit a plan for how to resume instruction with "age-appropriate, distance-learning methods." An executive order will allow some public school districts to "open facilities through the month of May, for the limited purpose of providing child care services to children in grades K-5 only, for K-12 teachers and other health, safety and lifeline worker households."

Ohio

  • Gov. Mike DeWine has issued a stay-at-home order, which requires individuals to stay at least 6 feet away from each other "as much as reasonably possible," excluding people that they live with. It is to remain in effect until at least April 6.
  • Nonessential businesses are required to close, aside from work that people can do from home. Restaurants can stay open for delivery or takeout options.
  • All gatherings of "any number of people" outside a household are not allowed, with a few exceptions.
  • Voters who didn't make it to the polls on March 17 may still cast a ballot. Although most in-person voting for the primary has been eliminated, absentee voting has been extended until April 28.
  • Residents are encouraged to donate personal protection equipment to Ohio health care workers and first responders by contacting local emergency management agency offices.
  • Ohio schools are closed until at least May 1, and DeWine has said that "there is the real possibility that our schools can stay closed longer than this."

Oklahoma

  • Gov. Kevin Stitt has issued an executive order requiring travelers from New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, Washington, California and Louisiana to quarantine for 14 days.
  • All delivery personnel must submit to screening if asked at hospitals, clinics, long-term care facilities and schools before making a delivery.
  • Social gatherings of more than 10 are not allowed. People over 65 or who have underlying medical conditions are instructed to stay home, unless they work in an essential role or need to conduct essential errands.
  • Starting April 6, school "districts will be expected to provide distance learning for the remainder of the school year," according to state officials.
  • Oklahoma State University is ramping up its capacity to perform up 2,000 tests per day.

Oregon

  • Gov. Kate Brown has issued an order directing Oregonians to "stay at home to the maximum extent possible," which remains in effect indefinitely.
  • The order prohibits all gatherings, no matter what size, if people can't maintain a distance of 6 feet from each other.
  • Businesses in which close contact is "difficult to avoid" are required to closed.
  • Public schools are closed through at least April 28.
  • A temporary moratorium on all residential evictions has been put in place indefinitely.
  • The state's tax filing and payment deadlines for personal income taxes and some other taxes have been extended through July 15.
  • Gov. Brown called on the federal government to open a special enrollment period for residents to buy health insurance and apply for federal subsidies through HealthCare.gov for at least 30 days.

Pennsylvania

  • Gov. Tom Wolf has issued a statewide stay-at-home order effective at 8pm ET on April 1. It is set to continue until April 30. Previously, Wolf was issuing stay-at-home orders on a county-by-county basis.
  • Pennsylvania residents are allowed to leave their homes for a few select reasons, such as "tasks essential to maintain health and safety" and "getting necessary services or supplies."
  • Law enforcement is focused on informing the public of the order, rather than enforcing it, "at this time."
  • Wolf says schools across the state are closed until further notice.
  • Wolf also announced $50 million in state funding will be spent to purchase medical equipment and supplies for hospitals, nursing homes, and emergency workers.

Puerto Rico

  • Gov. Wanda Vázquez Garced announced a state of emergency and the activation of the National Guard on March 12.
  • An executive order mandated an island-wide curfew — from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. — through March 30.The governor later extended the curfew until April 12.
  • Nonessential businesses have been ordered to close; the exceptions are grocers and other food retailers, pharmacies, gas stations or financial institutions.

Rhode Island

  • Gov. Gina Raimondo has ordered Rhode Island residents to stay at home"unless traveling to work, traveling for medical treatment or obtaining necessities" until April 13.
  • She has ordered that anyone coming from another state for non-work travel must self-quarantine for 14 days.
  • People that can work from home are ordered to do so.
  • Public gatherings of more than five are prohibited until April 13.
  • An executive order signed on March 26 mandates that anyone who has traveled to New York must self-quarantine for 14 days upon arrival in Rhode Island.
  • Schools are participating in distance learning through April.

South Carolina

South Dakota

  • Gov. Kristi Noem issued an executive order calling on people to implement social distancing.
  • Noem instructed employers to encourage telework, and for other retailers to offer special shopping times for people who are particularly at risk.
  • She called on bars and restaurants to "consider offering business models that do not involve public gatherings," such as pickup and delivery.
  • Health care providers are instructed to postpone nonessential elective surgeries.

Tennessee

  • Gov. Bill Lee called for businesses to "utilize alternative business models" in light of the virus until April 6. He has directed restaurants and bars to sell food and drinks by takeout or delivery only. Gyms and fitness centers are ordered to close and encouraged to pursue "digital programming."
  • Social gatherings of 10 people or more are prohibited.
  • Visits to facilities for the elderly are allowed only for "essential care."
  • Statewide school closures have been extended until April 24.
  • Similarly, work-from-home orders for state employees are extended through the same period.
  • The deadline to file franchise and excise taxes has been delayed until July 15
  • The state has suspended the issuance of REAL ID through May 18.
  • On March 30, Lee issued a safer-at-home order that went into effect on March 31 at 11:59 p.m.

Texas

  • Gov. Greg Abbott ordered Texans to avoid social gatherings of more than 10 people until at least April 3.
  • Abbot says people should "avoid eating or drinking at bars, restaurants, and food courts, or visiting gyms or massage parlors," but pickup and delivery food options are "highly encouraged."
  • An executive order issued on March 26 mandates a 14-day self-quarantine for travelers arriving in Texas from Tri-State airports in New York, New Jersey, or Connecticut, as well as from New Orleans.
  • People are instructed not to visit nursing homes, retirement or long-term-care facilities "unless to provide critical assistance."
  • Schools have been ordered to close temporarily.
  • The governor announced on March 29 an executive order requiring 14-day quarantines for those traveling by road from Louisiana.
  • Abbott announced that public safety employees who contract COVID-19 during the course of their employment will be reimbursed for reasonable medical expenses related to their treatment of COVID-19.
  • On March 31, Abbott issued an executive order implementing protocols that direct Texans to minimize non-essential gatherings and in-person contact with people who are not in the same household.

Utah

  • On March 27, Gov. Gary Herbert issued a two-week "stay safe, stay home directive." It is not a shelter in place order, but instructs Utahns to stay home whenever possible.
  • The governor ordered restaurants and bars to close until at least April 1, though takeout is allowed if the order is placed remotely.
  • Businesses are requested to encourage employees to telecommute.
  • Utah officials are requesting that people avoid social gatherings of more than 10 people.
  • State officials say that K-12 public schools will be dismissed until at least May 1.
  • The state health department restricted non-urgent medical, dental and veterinary procedures.

Vermont

  • Gov. Phil Scott issued a "stay at home" order, effective March 25 at 5 p.m. Vermonters are asked to leave their residences only for essential trips like grocery shopping.
  • All businesses and not-for-profit entities, unless exempted, must suspend in-person operations.
  • The governor has restricted nonessential gatherings to 10 people or less.
  • Bars and restaurants are required to operate only for takeout or delivery until April 6.
  • All public and independent schools are closed for in-person instruction until the end of the academic year.
  • Scott issued an executive order on March 30 that directs residents and non-residents coming from outside the state for anything other than an essential purpose to home-quarantine for 14 days and strongly discourages travel to the state by people from COVID-19 "hot spots."
  • Lodging facilities – including hotels, motels, bed and breakfasts, short term rentals, Airbnbs, and all public and private camping facilities and RV parks – "are to be closed except for stated exemptions when supporting the state's COVID-19 response."

Virginia

  • Beginning at 11:59 p.m. on March 24, all gatherings of more than 10 people are not allowed, except for essential services.
  • Gov. Ralph Northam ordered that restaurants, bars and other dining services close by the evening of March 24, but they are allowed to continue to provide delivery or takeout. Recreational and entertainment businesses, such as museums, fitness centers and amusement parks, were ordered to close by that same evening.
  • Essential businesses are allowed to stay open; all others are only allowed to have 10 people shopping at a time, along with other distancing and cleaning measures. If they can't comply with these guidelines they must close.
  • All K-12 schools are closed until the end of the academic year.
  • To conserve personal protective equipment (PPE), all hospitals have been directed to stop performing elective surgeries or procedures.
  • On March 30, Northam issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective immediately, lasting until June 10.
  • The stay-at-home order says individuals may leave their residence for allowable travel, including to seek medical attention, work, care for family or household members, pick up groceries and prescriptions and engage in outdoor activity with strict social distancing requirements.

Washington

  • On March 23, Gov. Jay Inslee issued an order requiring "every Washingtonian to stay home unless they need to pursue an essential activity."
  • Inslee's order requires all businesses to close, except those deemed essential.
  • All gatherings for "social, spiritual and recreational purposes" have been banned.
  • Inslee also ordered all K-12 public and private schools in the state to remain closed until at least April 24.
  • He waived certain requirements for health care and child care workers on March 26.

West Virginia

  • Gov. Jim Justice issued a stay-at-home order, "directing all West Virginia residents to stay at home and limit movements outside of their homes beyond essential needs." The order, which will remain in place indefinitely, went into effect at 8 p.m. on March 24.
  • The order allows people to pick up essentials such as groceries and medicine; people can also exercise outside while maintaining a 6-foot distance from each other and "care for or support a friend or family member."
  • Justice is directing people not to visit loved ones in hospitals or nursing homes.
  • All pre-K through 12th grade schools in the state are closed until April 20. All child care sites except those serving parents working in "essential" jobs are ordered closed.
  • Justice announced a month of free fishing for state residents, waiving the requirement for a fishing license to fish in state-regulated waters. Anglers must practice social distancing.
  • The governor issued an executive order on March 30 requiring travelers from area "with substantial community spread" to quarantine for 14 days. He also closed state park campgrounds.
  • Justice prohibited elective medical procedures and and closed private campgrounds to new out-of-state campers.

Wisconsin

  • State authorities issued a stay-at-home order effective at 8 a.m. March 25 through April 24.
  • The order is punishable by up to 30 days imprisonment or a fine of up to $250 or both.
  • Gov. Tony Evers had previously ordered a ban on gatherings of 10 or more people, with some exceptions.
  • Wisconsin schools are closed.
  • Evictions and foreclosures in the state were ordered suspended on March 27. Certain licensing requirements for health care workers were also suspended.
  • On March 31, Evers requested that the president issue a major disaster declaration for the state, and asked for federal assistance.

Wyoming

  • With the support of Gov. Mark Gordon, Wyoming Department of Health issued an order to close all restaurants, bars, theaters, gyms, child care facilities, K-12 schools, colleges, universities and trade schools in the state until April 3.
  • Restaurants and bars are allowed to sell food and drinks for delivery or takeout.
  • Health officials are also "prohibiting gatherings of 10 people or more in a single room or confined space" until April 3, with some exceptions.
  • The governor issued a plea on March 25 for "Wyoming citizens to stay home whenever possible, only going out when absolutely necessary."
  • On March 27, the state's existing orders were extended through April 17.
  • Camping facilities in state parks have been closed until further notice.

This is a developing story. We will continue to update as new information becomes available.

NPR's Brakkton Booker, Merrit Kennedy, Vanessa Romo, Colin Dwyer, Laurel Wamsley, Aubri Juhasz and Bobby Allyn contributed to this report.