President Trump Proposes Tax Deductions For Restaurant Industry The restaurant industry has been scrambling for solutions to save itself during the coronavirus pandemic. President Trump has floated the idea of changing a provision in the 2017 tax law.
NPR logo President Trump Offers Drowning Restaurant Industry One Solution: Tax Deductions

President Trump Offers Drowning Restaurant Industry One Solution: Tax Deductions

A pedestrian walks past a closed Wolfgang Puck Bar & Grill restaurant in Los Angeles. President Trump has suggested changing tax deductibility law as a way of helping the restaurant industry. Frederic J. Brown/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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Frederic J. Brown/AFP via Getty Images

A pedestrian walks past a closed Wolfgang Puck Bar & Grill restaurant in Los Angeles. President Trump has suggested changing tax deductibility law as a way of helping the restaurant industry.

Frederic J. Brown/AFP via Getty Images

This new world of social distancing has hit the restaurant industry particularly hard — and some of the biggest names in that world are scrambling for solutions.

Celebrity chef Guy Fieri started a relief fund for industry workers impacted by coronavirus. The National Restaurant Association teamed up with other hospitality organizations to call for a national moratorium on rent and evictions. Other celebrity chefs like Wolfgang Puck, Thomas Keller and Daniel Boulud even hopped on a call with President Trump to urge insurers to accept business interruption claims.

But Trump had a different takeaway from that conversation. At a briefing on Sunday he offered this solution:

So what I'm doing is I'm going to tell Secretary [Steven] Mnuchin and also our great secretary of labor ... to immediately start looking into the restoring of the deductibility of meals and entertainment costs for corporations that set the restaurant business back a lot when it was done originally, and then done not so long ago.

And we're going to go to deductibility so that companies can send people to restaurants. I think it'll have a tremendous impact and maybe keep them open.

In a tweet on Wednesday, Trump reiterated the call for deductibility by businesses on restaurants and entertainment, saying "they will all be saved!"

The massive 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act — which cut the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% — did change some things about how businesses can deduct certain expenses, but dining actually remained deductible. According to the IRS:

Taxpayers may continue to deduct 50 percent of the cost of business meals if the taxpayer (or an employee of the taxpayer) is present and the food or beverages are not considered lavish or extravagant. The meals may be provided to a current or potential business customer, client, consultant or similar business contact.

What changed was that deductibles related to entertainment were nixed. Prior to the TCJA, a business could deduct up to 50% of expenses for things like sports tickets, golf outings, theater trips and casinos.

In an interview with Fox Business, Wolfgang Puck said going back to these deductibles would help the restaurant economy, but pivoted quickly back to the need for insurers to pay business interruption claims, saying "hopefully we get the insurance to pay up, and hopefully the administration will help us to get some money sooner than later."