How prison labor contributes to the U.S. economy : The Indicator from Planet Money Incarcerated Americans make goods for American companies, and get paid next to nothing for their labor.

The Uncounted Workforce

The Uncounted Workforce

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Guard towers look over the prison courtyard at Marion Correctional Institution on April 27, 2020. (Photo by MEGAN JELINGER/AFP via Getty Images)

Prison labor has been a part of the U.S. economy since at least the late 19th century. Today it's a multi-billion dollar industry. Incarcerated people do everything from building office furniture and making military equipment, to staffing call centers and doing 3D modeling.

This industry is not well understood. Incarcerated workers are not included in official employment statistics and there's not a ton or economic research done on this topic, so it can be difficult to know just how substantial this sector of our economy actually is.

Today on the show, we bring you one person's story of working behind bars, and we look at what it can tell us about how America's prison labor system functions.

Music by Drop Electric. Find us: Twitter / Facebook / Newsletter.

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Correction Jan. 23, 2021

In an earlier version of this episode and in the Web introduction, we said several companies had relied on the labor of incarcerated people in past decades. One of those companies, AT&T, disputed the claim. We relied on sourcing from decades ago, but after review, could not independently and directly confirm those sources today. We have removed the language related to that.