The two cases left in this Supreme Court term The court has saved two of its biggest cases for last. One could alter the EPA's ability to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. The other will decide the fate of the "Remain in Mexico" policy.

Law

Here are 2 Supreme Court decisions we're still waiting for this term

The Supreme Court has saved two of its biggest cases for last. One could alter the Environmental Protection Agency's ability to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. The other will decide the fate of the "Remain in Mexico" policy. Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images hide caption

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Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images

The Supreme Court has saved two of its biggest cases for last. One could alter the Environmental Protection Agency's ability to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. The other will decide the fate of the "Remain in Mexico" policy.

Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images

One of the most consequential Supreme Court terms in recent memory still has two major cases left on the docket — cases that could that alter the political landscape on immigration and the environment.

The court has already made statements on abortion and gun control with its rulings to overturn Roe v. Wade and to strike down a New York concealed carry law.

But the two cases left — West Virginia v. EPA and Biden v. Texas — are also important cases that could have major effects on the executive branch's ability to make policy.

The next opinion date is Thursday, June 30. Both decisions are expected then.

Environmental protection

West Virginia v. Environmental Protection Agency is all about the federal government's ability to create environmental regulations. The challengers are a group of 27 Republican attorneys general, many from states with traditions in the fossil fuel industry, including West Virginia.

Essentially, they argue that the executive branch of government — which includes the EPA — should not be allowed to set rules and regulations around greenhouse gas emissions. Rather, it should be Congress to do so, they say.

Neither of the actual regulations at the heart of the case — the Obama-era Clean Power Plan, and the Trump-era Affordable Clean Energy rule — are currently in effect.

Despite that, a wide-ranging ruling could weaken the federal government's ability to combat climate change by regulating greenhouse gas emissions.

Read more about the case:

"Remain in Mexico"

Biden v. Texas is the case over the so-called "Remain in Mexico" immigration policy, which was enacted by then-President Donald Trump in 2019.

The policy requires many asylum-seekers to stay in Mexico while they wait for asylum hearings — a wait that typically lasts months or years.

The Biden administration has twice tried to end the policy, first in June of last year, and again in October. But lower courts have ordered the administration to reinstate the policy after challenges from Texas and Missouri, which argue that efforts to reverse the policy violated administrative and immigration law.

Read and hear more about the case: