Chapter 2: The Walled City : Up First Every year, thousands of migrants arrive at the northern end of the African continent. Many have traveled for years, through jungle, farmland and the vast Sahara desert, hoping to cross into Europe, where they believe a better future awaits.

Last week on Up First Sunday, we told the story of Senegalese migrants embarking on the dangerous journey to Europe by sea. This week, we consider a different kind of crossing. In North Africa, Spain controls two small cities: Ceuta and Melilla. If migrants can scale the heavily fortified border fences surrounding these enclave cities, they will officially be on European soil.

We check in with Ari Shapiro, the co-host of NPR's All Things Considered, as he explores the realities facing migrants just outside of the walled city of Melilla–in Nador, Morocco.

This is the second episode from our series following the connections between climate change, migration and rising political extremism. Chapter 3 publishes next Sunday.

Chapter 2: The Walled City

Chapter 2: The Walled City

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This picture taken on June 25, 2022 in Melilla shows the border between northern Morocco and the Spanish enclave, a day after at least 23 African migrants died in a bid by around 2000 people, mostly sub-Saharan African, to force their way into Europe. - Spanish enclave (Photo by FADEL SENNA / AFP) (Photo by FADEL SENNA/AFP via Getty Images) FADEL SENNA/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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FADEL SENNA/AFP via Getty Images

This picture taken on June 25, 2022 in Melilla shows the border between northern Morocco and the Spanish enclave, a day after at least 23 African migrants died in a bid by around 2000 people, mostly sub-Saharan African, to force their way into Europe. - Spanish enclave (Photo by FADEL SENNA / AFP) (Photo by FADEL SENNA/AFP via Getty Images)

FADEL SENNA/AFP via Getty Images

Every year, thousands of migrants arrive at the northern end of the African continent. Many have traveled for years, through jungle, farmland and the vast Sahara desert, hoping to cross into Europe, where they believe a better future awaits.

Last week on Up First Sunday, we told the story of Senegalese migrants embarking on the dangerous journey to Europe by sea. This week, we consider a different kind of crossing. In North Africa, Spain controls two small cities: Ceuta and Melilla. If migrants can scale the heavily fortified border fences surrounding these enclave cities, they will officially be on European soil.

We check in with Ari Shapiro, the co-host of NPR's All Things Considered, as he explores the realities facing migrants just outside of the walled city of Melilla–in Nador, Morocco.

This is the second episode from our series following the connections between climate change, migration and rising political extremism. Chapter 3 publishes next Sunday.