As SNAP reinstates work requirements, new research asks if they work. : The Indicator from Planet Money Do work requirements actually work? The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP, will soon require some benefit recipients to work in order to receive government aid. New economic research looks at whether that approach is effective in getting participants into the workforce and earning more.

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Do work requirements help SNAP people out of government aid?

Do work requirements help SNAP people out of government aid?

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LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA - MARCH 19: A worker stocks items during special hours open only to seniors and the disabled at Northgate Gonzalez Market, a Hispanic specialty supermarket, on March 19, 2020 in Los Angeles, California. The vast majority of the shelves in the market were fully stocked. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images) Mario Tama/Getty Images hide caption

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Mario Tama/Getty Images

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA - MARCH 19: A worker stocks items during special hours open only to seniors and the disabled at Northgate Gonzalez Market, a Hispanic specialty supermarket, on March 19, 2020 in Los Angeles, California. The vast majority of the shelves in the market were fully stocked. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

Mario Tama/Getty Images

Many Americans getting government aid for food under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP, will soon need to prove that they are working in order to keep their benefits. Advocates for work requirements say government aid creates dependency, while critics say those rules harm the most vulnerable recipients.

New economic research puts these two competing narratives to the test by studying the impact of work requirements on SNAP participants' employment and wages.

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For sponsor-free episodes of The Indicator from Planet Money, subscribe to Planet Money+ via Apple Podcasts or at plus.npr.org.