Should Ultra-Orthodox Israelis Be Exempt from Military Service? : State of the World from NPR Ultra-Orthodox Israelis have long been exempt from compulsory military service. But the October 7th attack by Hamas and Israel's subsequent military response have brought forward calls for change. The government's decision on whether to end the exemption has major political consequences.

The Debate in Israel Over Who Should Be Required Serve in the Military

The Debate in Israel Over Who Should Be Required Serve in the Military

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Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men pray at a yeshiva in Bnei Brak, Israel, on March 21. The war in Gaza has prompted calls for Israel to end military exemptions for full-time religious students. Tamir Kalifa for NPR hide caption

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Tamir Kalifa for NPR

Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men pray at a yeshiva in Bnei Brak, Israel, on March 21. The war in Gaza has prompted calls for Israel to end military exemptions for full-time religious students.

Tamir Kalifa for NPR

Ultra-Orthodox Israelis have long been exempt from compulsory military service. But the October 7th attack by Hamas and Israel's subsequent military response have brought forward calls for change. The government's decision on whether to end the exemption has major political consequences.