U.S. Leaves Bagram Airfield, Exhausted Federal Firefighters: News You Need To Know

American soldiers approach the United Nations planes on the tarmac of the Bargam Airfield on January 15, 2002. After 20 years of war, U.S. troops have now vacated that airbase.
JIMIN LAI/AFP via Getty Images
/
AFP
American soldiers approach the United Nations planes on the tarmac of the Bargam Airfield on January 15, 2002.

Good morning. Hope you're well on this Friday morning. We're following a number of developing stories as we head in to the weekend:

— The Morning Edition live blog team
Emily Alfin Johnson, Rachel Treisman, Joe Hernandez, Nell Clark, Casey Noenickx and William Jones

    NPR Exclusive
    Foreign Policy
    U.N. Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield On America's Role In Global Humanitarian Crises
    Posted 1625230859945
    Linda Thomas-Greenfield, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, speaks into a microphone while standing at a podium, with the blue U.N. flag behind her.
    Spencer Platt
    /
    Getty Images
    U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, pictured in New York City in March, spoke to NPR about humanitarian crises in Ethiopia and Syria. (Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

    Let's check in on two humanitarian crises in different parts of the world, and what the U.S. is doing to help. NPR's Noel King spoke to U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield. Here's what she had to say:

    Ethiopia

    Earlier this week, Ethiopia's government declared a temporary cease-fire with the Tigray People's Liberation Front after nearly eight months of a deadly civil war.

    Thousands of civilians have been killed in the Tigray region since November, and — as NPR's Eyder Peralta has reported — more than 350,000 people are now living in famine conditions.

    On the Biden administration's stance that war crimes are being committed in Ethiopia, an accusation that's been raised by groups including the U.N.'s refugee agency:

    "We are assessing the situation on the ground. We know that war crimes have been committed, we know that serious violations of human rights have been committed, we know that sexual violence against women has occurred."

    "I know that investigations are being completed, the human rights commission we're waiting for their report, but I think we have made very, very clear statements on the situation in Ethiopia that we do see war crimes being committed and we will be investigating who will be held accountable for those war crimes, and we will look for accountability."

    Syria

    Meanwhile, in the Middle East, millions of displaced Syrians rely on United Nations aid that comes through a single border crossing point in Turkey. Approval for the route is temporary, and the U.N. Security Council needs to authorize it to stay open past July 10.

    The U.S. wants that crossing to stay open (and for others to be reinstated), but Russia — which has veto power on the council — has indicated it does not.

    On how the U.S. plans to negotiate with Russia over the Syria-Turkey border crossing:

    "We're negotiating in the security council to impress upon them how life-threatening closing the border is ... for millions of Syrians, this is their literal lifeline."

    "We are hopeful that the Russians will see that it is not necessary to use their veto power in this particular case. The people of Syria need humanitarian assistance and it is our hope that the Russian government will hear not just the voices of the members of the security council, but they will hear the voices of millions of Syrians who will be calling upon the security council to act in this case.

    🎧 Ambassador Thomas-Greenfield on the Biden administration's next steps.


    Plus, later today we'll hear from Ambassador Thomas-Greenfield about American efforts to eradicate COVID-19. Make sure to follow NPR's Consider This wherever you get your podcasts to be notified when that conversation is live.