The new sanctions on Russia could impact other countries, too

Published February 23, 2022 at 8:08 AM EST
A couple stands at a railway timetable in Kyiv, Ukraine on Tuesday.
Pierre Crom
Getty Images
A couple stands at a railway timetable in Kyiv, Ukraine, on Tuesday. President Biden said Tuesday that Russia's decision to deploy troops to eastern Ukraine marks "the beginning of a Russian invasion."

Good morning,

Here are the top stories we're following today:

Russian sanctions: The U.S. and its allies are putting sanctions on Russia for moving troops into eastern Ukraine. But the impact of the sanctions could reach Americans' wallets.

Emergency in Ukraine: Ukraine is planning to issue a state of emergency to boost security and to protect its economy.

Fighting climate misinformation: A watchdog group has found that Facebook is falling short on its pledge to crack down on climate misinformation.

🎧 Also on Up First, our daily podcast, final settlements with major U.S. corporations over the opioid crisis are expected soon.

— The Morning Edition live blog team

(Carol Ritchie, Rachel Treisman, Nell Clark, Dana Farrington and Chris Hopkins)


Premature deaths from guns expose another toll of the firearms crisis

Posted February 23, 2022 at 12:13 PM EST

Firearm-related deaths are continuing their rapid rise in the U.S., with a new study finding they have overtaken car crashes as the leading cause of "years of potential life lost" due to trauma.

Using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, researchers examined the "years of potential life lost" (YPLL) due to firearms within specific populations and geographic regions over the last decade.

In a study published in the journal Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open on Tuesday, they found that firearms overtook car crashes as the single largest cause of traumatic death in the U.S. in 2017 and 2018, with suicide responsible for the most YPLL from firearms deaths. Older white males were most affected by suicide, and younger Black males were most affected by homicide. Researchers pointed to the policy applications of the study.

"More resources should be redirected and allocated to these at-risk populations to decrease this potentially preventable cause of death and years of life lost," wrote the research team, which was led by Dr. Joshua Klein of the Westchester Medical Center.

The team calculated years of potential life lost by using the CDC standard of subtracting the age at death from 80, then adding the individual years of potential life lost across each cause of death. They used data from 2009 to 2018, extracted from two agency sources: the National Vital Statistics Reports and Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System database.

Klein explained to NPR over email that the leading cause of death only takes into account the total number of individuals who died, while YPLL factors in the individual's age at death. He characterized it as an estimate — based on the average human life span — of the time a person would have lived.

"Years of potential life lost (YPLL), we believe, is a better indicator in revealing the magnitude of the firearm epidemic in the United States," he added. "Calculating YPLL secondary to firearms better quantifies the economic and social losses that occur with these premature deaths."

He traced the motivation for the study back to a discussion about CDC data repeatedly showing an increase in firearm deaths in the U.S., which he said was concerning but "only told one piece of the story."

Researchers set out to examine the evolution of firearm-related deaths on the basis of sex, race and geographical location.

They found that the YPLL for firearms was 1.42 million in 2018, compared with 1.34 million for car accidents. Firearm-related deaths were highest in the South, followed by the West, Midwest and Northeast.

Men made up the vast majority — 85.4% — of the 38,929 firearm deaths reported by the CDC in 2018. That year, firearm suicide was highest among white males, making up 49.3% of total firearm deaths. Firearm homicide was highest in the Black male population, making up 18.3% of the total share.

During that 10-year period, white men had 4.95 million years of potential life lost due to firearm suicide, while Black men had 3.2 million years of potential life lost due to homicide-related firearm deaths.

Klein pointed to these two hard-hit populations as a case study for why YPLL is a "better indicator in discussing the firearm epidemic."

"If one were to just examine the total number of deaths it would be noted that over 170,000 white male suicides occurred and just over 63,000 black male homicides occurred over this 10 year period — both astonishingly high numbers," he said, adding that they don't paint the full picture.

He said further calculations show that Black male homicides account for an average 50.5 YPLL per death, while white male suicides account for 29.1 YPLL.

"By including this data, we see that despite the large disparity in total number of deaths between these two populations, due to the younger age of Black male homicide victims, the YPLL are actually closer than would be expected over the study period (4.95 million YPLL vs 3.2 million YPLL)," he explained.

Researchers say that understanding the epidemiology of trauma can aid with better resource allocation, awareness, public information and suicide and injury prevention efforts.

They cited previous studies showing that the U.S. struggles more with firearm ownership, mass shootings, injuries and death when compared with other developed countries.

And while the number of firearms within a state or region cannot fully predict suicide, homicide or violent crime rates, researchers added, the availability of guns should be considered when discussing trauma and injury prevention strategies.

"The demand for total freedom and the second amendment have resulted in high access to firearms in this country and this is undisputable," they wrote. "The main argument is that the right to bear arms to prevent injury or to defend against aggressors may result in a small number of preventable deaths is a plausible theory, however, the data reveal that the resulting access to firearms has equated to magnitudes of death due to firearm suicides in the same individuals demanding access to firearms."

The authors argue that effective suicide prevention efforts should include limiting access to all methods of suicide, firearms included, for at-risk populations.

If you or someone you know may be considering suicide, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 (En Español: 1-888-628-9454; Deaf and Hard of Hearing: 1-800-799-4889) or the Crisis Text Line by texting HOME to 741741.


Colleyville, Texas, is among dozens of U.S. cities recently plastered with antisemitic flyers

Posted February 23, 2022 at 10:28 AM EST
Congregation Beth Israel Synagogue in Colleyville, Texas.
Andy Jacobsohn
AFP via Getty Images
A police car sits in front of the Congregation Beth Israel Synagogue in Colleyville, Texas, on Jan. 16, a day after the hostage standoff.

Authorities are investigating the distribution of antisemitic and racist flyers in Colleyville, Texas., where a gunman took worshippers hostage at a synagogue last month. It's one of dozens of cities across the U.S. that have reported similar incidents in recent weeks.

"The Colleyville Police Department is aware of anti-Semitic and white separatist materials distributed in clear sandwich bags to driveways around the city overnight," the department announced on Sunday. "We have been in contact with the FBI and are investigating [it] as a Hate Crime."

The flyers were placed in plastic bags and weighed down with pebbles. Police told Fox 7 that there were the hundreds of them. One flyer claimed that "every single aspect of the COVID agenda is Jewish," while another read, "Black lives murder white children," according to the station.

Colleyville Mayor Richard Newton said the city "unequivocally denounces hate in any form." He added that the distribution "appears to be a coordinated effort in cities across the country," saying he was "saddened that individuals chose to bring this intolerance to Colleyville."

Congregation Beth Israel — the synagogue where a gunman held a rabbi and three congregants hostage for hours on Jan. 15 — said in a statement that some congregants had found the flyers on their properties.

"We are hopeful that the individual(s) responsible will be identified and prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law," the statement read, according to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. "Circulating hate speech cannot be taken lightly."

Police noted that Colleyville isn't the only city — in or beyond Texas — where the antisemitic flyers are showing up. Similar materials were also found on driveways in nearby Garland, and residents in two Houston neighborhoods woke up to racist and antisemitic flyers the previous weekend.

Similar materials were distributed recently in San Francisco, Miami and Denver, police added. But the scope of the incident actually appears to have been much broader, according to the Anti-Defamation League.

"Over the weekend we saw #antisemitic fliering in two dozen cities across nine states, including Colleyville, TX, less than 2 months after the terror attack at Congregation Beth Israel," the organization tweeted. "We cannot ignore #antisemitic hate."

It's the continuation of a trend that has been reported across the U.S. in recent weeks. (The ADL tracks antisemitic incidents here.)

Hundreds of flyers falsely blaming Jewish people for "the COVID agenda" were distributed to homes in neighborhoods across South Florida — including Miami Beach, Surfside and Fort Lauderdale — in late January, a week after the hostage incident and just days before International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

A copy obtained by CNN at the time showed an image of the Star of David and a list of government health officials, pharmaceutical company leaders and heads of investment management companies. The flyer inaccurately characterized them all as Jewish and included other "Jewish hate speech" on the back.

Similar flyers were distributed in Colorado, Wisconsin, Texas, California and Maryland around the same time, according to the Anti-Defamation League Mountain States Region. The organization said that flyers in the Denver metro area were reportedly placed in plastic bags containing rice and that "white supremacist and anti-vaccine propaganda was also distributed locally with the antisemitic messages."

The ADL said the flyers appear to be the work of a "loose network of individuals that engages in antisemitic stunts to harass Jews." It did not name the network, but media outlets have identified it as the Goyim Defense League.

"Individuals associated with this network include a range of antisemites and white supremacists who are motivated and united by their hatred of Jews," ADL added. "The most zealous individuals are in Colorado, California, Florida and New York. They work alone, in small cliques and occasionally travel across the country to work together in larger teams."

The flyer distribution comes amid a recent rise in antisemitism in the U.S. ADL said it documented 2,024 antisemitic incidents across the U.S. in 2020, the third-highest number on record since it began tracking them in 1979.

Ahmaud Arbery

Georgia marks statewide ‘Ahmaud Arbery Day’ to honor the slain jogger

Posted February 23, 2022 at 10:01 AM EST
A painting of Ahmaud Arbery is displayed during a vigil at New Springfield Baptist Church on February 23, 2021 in Waynesboro, Georgia.
Sean Rayford
Getty Images
A painting of Ahmaud Arbery is displayed during a vigil at New Springfield Baptist Church on Wednesday in Waynesboro, Ga.

Beginning today, the state of Georgia will recognize Feb. 23 of each year as Ahmaud Arbery Day, for the Black jogger who was chased down and killed on a residential street near Brunswick exactly two years ago.

The Georgia House of Representatives passed a resolution earlier this month honoring Arbery and urging people to jog 2.23 miles annually to advocate for racial equality.

Events are taking place across Georgia on Wednesday, including a speaking engagement by Arbery’s mother, Wanda Cooper-Jones, in Atlanta as well as a vigil in the Satilla Shores neighborhood where Arbery was murdered.

This year’s anniversary of Arbery’s death comes one day after his three convicted killers, who are white, were found guilty in a federal hate crimes trial of targeting Arbery because of his race.

In a separate trial in Georgia state court, Travis McMichael, his father, Greg McMichael, and their neighbor William "Roddie" Bryan were found guilty of Arbery’s murder. They chased him down in pickup trucks, and Travis McMichael killed him with a shotgun.

All three men were sentenced to life in prison in that case.

Racial justice

The trial of former Minneapolis cops could shift focus to de-escalation, expert says

Posted February 23, 2022 at 9:50 AM EST
A sign at the site in Minneapolis where George Floyd was murdered reads "Welcome to George Floyd Square."
Stephen Maturen
Getty Images
The location where George Floyd was killed is memorialized in Minneapolis. The three officers who did not intervene when he was dying are on trial for civil right violations in federal court.

Jury deliberations have begun in the federal civil rights trial of three former Minneapolis police officers who were present when Derek Chauvin murdered George Floyd in 2020.

Chauvin is serving a 221/2-year sentence for holding his knee to Floyd's neck for over nine minutes, killing him. On trial now are Thomas Lane, who held Floyd's legs, and his co-defendants, Tou Thao and J. Alexander Kueng, who held bystanders back and knelt on Floyd's back, respectively.

The former officers are charged with violating Floyd's civil rights when they deprived a gravely injured Floyd of his right to medical care by not intervening immediately. Kueng and Thao are also facing an additional charge for failing to intervene and for showing "deliberate indifference." Chauvin was convicted of Floyd's murder in a state trial and pleaded guilty last year to a federal civil rights charge.

The killing inspired a summer of worldwide protests against injustice and renewed nationwide scrutiny of how structural racism and policing intersect.

Experts are watching as the trial begins to close. One of those experts is Rashawn Ray, a sociologist and senior fellow at the Brookings Institution who studies structural change and policing. He also runs aprogram at the University of Maryland that trains law enforcement in de-escalation techniques using virtual reality technology.

"Police departments are paramilitary organizations," Ray says. "And so if we're going to disrupt that, it's not only about the policy, but it's also about changing the culture."

Continue on to read highlights from Ray's conversation with host Rachel Martin or click the link below to listen.

🔊 Listen to Ray onMorning Editionas he reflects on the trial in Minneapolis.

On whether the trial has the potential to create change on a systemic level

I think that it could. So to give people some context, we know every single year that over 1,000 people are killed by law enforcement. That is one person every eight hours. Part of what this means is it is a systemic problem. The issue is that Congress, the Senate more specifically, failed to act on police reform at the federal level. So a trial of this magnitude could send ripples throughout not only the way that police departments and police officers operate, but also the type of leeway that state legislatures and local municipalities feel that they have to take changes when it comes to police reform.

On the need to protect officers who do intervene

One thing that I've noticed from our research over the years is that it's not only about the mandating of policy but also the implementation of policy. When it comes to the issue of what happened to George Floyd, yes, it's about duty to intervene, which we're starting to see at the state and local level, but it is also about protecting officers who do intervene. There have been incidents around the country, particularly involving Black women officers, who have been either treated unfairly, dismissed or actually brutalized themselves for intervening. We need to ensure that there are protections for officers who actually intervene or else the culture of policing that leads to this blue wall of silence being set up, not only because they want to be beside their fellow officers, but because there are real stigmatizing outcomes in effect for them actually intervening in these situations.

On the validity of the defense that the former officers weren't well-trained

You know, I must be honest, I'm so tired of hearing about police officers not being well-trained. Look, I can tell you, we have observed countless hours of police officers being trained. They are actually trained. The problem is that it's not about the quantity, it's about the quality of training. And when you train individuals in a punitive way, when we know nationally that officers receive over 50 hours of firearm training and less than 10 hours of de-escalation training, not to mention all of the tactics that are used to it actually implement force, we get the types of outcomes that we see. Instead, we need a qualitatively different training process, and we think some of the work that we've been doing at the University of Maryland is important, where we are actually training officers to use more communication, more de-escalation and actually be more objective in their outcomes.

Russia-Ukraine crisis

Putin says Russia’s interests are ‘an indisputable priority’

Posted February 23, 2022 at 9:19 AM EST

Russian President Vladimir Putin said Wednesday that “Russia’s interests and the security of our people are an indisputable priority,” after his country was hit with a raft of international sanctions over Russia’s incursion into Ukraine.

Putin made the remarks in a video address to mark Defender of the Fatherland Day, speaking to veterans and members of Russia’s military.

The Russian leader said his country currently faces challenges in the form of “the erosion of the arms control system and NATO’s military activities.”

Putin said Russia is open to finding diplomatic resolutions "to the most complicated issues." But that claim will likely be met with skepticism, coming after Russia recognized two Ukrainian territories, Donetsk and Luhansk, as breakaway republics and pledged to send troops over the border into those regions — the most serious signs yet of a pending full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

“I have confidence in you, Russian soldiers and officers,” Putin said, “that you will guard the peace of our people and stand up for the national interests of our great country.”


Facebook fell short of its promises to label climate change denial, a new study finds

Posted February 23, 2022 at 9:02 AM EST
The Facebook app is visible on the screen of an iPhone.
Alastair Pike
AFP via Getty Images
A new report from a watchdog group finds that the platform only labeled about half of the posts promoting articles from the world's leading publishers of climate denial.

Facebook is falling short on its pledge to crack down on climate misinformation, according to a new analysis from a British watchdog group.

The platform — whose parent company last year rebranded as Meta — promised last May that it would attach "informational labels" to certain posts about climate change in the U.S. and some other countries, directing readers to a "Climate Science Information Center" with reliable information and resources. (It launched a similar hub for COVID-19 information in March 2020).

But a new report released Wednesday from the Center for Countering Digital Hate (CCDH) finds that the platform only labeled about half of the posts promoting articles from the world's leading publishers of climate denial.

“By failing to do even the bare minimum to address the spread of climate denial information, Meta is exacerbating the climate crisis," said CCDH Chief Executive Imran Ahmed. "Climate change denial — designed to fracture our resolve and impede meaningful action to mitigate climate change — flows unabated on Facebook and Instagram."

The British watchdog group says that all of the articles it analyzed were published after May 19, the date that Facebook announced it would expand its labeling feature in a number of countries. Facebook says it was still testing the system at the time.

“We combat climate change misinformation by connecting people to reliable information in many languages from leading organizations through our Climate Science Center and working with a global network of independent fact checkers to review and rate content," Facebook spokesperson Kevin McAlister said in a statement provided to NPR.

"When they rate this content as false, we add a warning label and reduce its distribution so fewer people see it. During the time frame of this report, we hadn’t completely rolled out our labeling program, which very likely impacted the results.”

The CCDH published a report in November finding that 10 publishers, labeled "The Toxic Ten," were responsible for up to 69% of all interactions with climate denial content on Facebook. They include Breitbart, the Federalist Papers, Newsmax and Russian state media.

Researchers used the social analytics tool NewsWhip to assess 184 articles containing false information about climate change, published by "The Toxic Ten" and posted on Facebook, where they collectively accumulated more than 1 million interactions.

Using Meta's CrowdTangle analytics tool, researchers identified the top public Facebook post for each article in the sample and documented whether or not it was labeled.

They found that 50.5% of the most popular posts associated with articles in the sample did not have labels. Those 93 articles had 541,877 Facebook interactions, which researchers say amounts to 53% of total interactions with articles in the sample.

It highlighted several examples in a press release, including a NewsBusters article referring to "alarmist climate propaganda" and a Daily Wire article claiming "the Left is spreading global warming alarmism."

The CCDH and other advocacy groups are calling on lawmakers to do more to regulate the platform and crack down on disinformation.

"Facebook has consistently shown they can’t be trusted," said Michael Khoo, co-chair of the Climate Disinformation Coalition at Friends of the Earth. "Facebook needs to open the books and lawmakers must step in to require full transparency from them and other social media platforms."

Alaphia Zoyab, the advocacy director of Reset, called for Facebook's algorithms to be "reined in," noting growing European efforts to hold social media companies accountable for disinformation shared on their platforms.

As NPR's Shannon Bond has reported, European regulators are moving relatively quickly to counter Big Tech compared with efforts on Capitol Hill. Lawmakers have introduced a slew of bills targeting misinformation and other aspects of social media, but it remains to be seen whether any of them will become law in the near future.

Notably, the release of the CCDH report comes just a week after Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen reportedly filed two additional complaints with the Securities and Exchange Commission alleging that Facebook misled investors about its efforts to combat misinformation about climate change and COVID-19.

“CCDH’s strong research echoes the exposés by Frances Haugen and others: Facebook will say one thing, and yet do another," Khoo added. "Facebook should not be trusted and must be regulated, especially as they attempt to escape to the metaverse."

Editor's note: Facebook's parent company, Meta, pays NPR to license NPR content.

Correction: An earlier version of this post misspelled Imran Ahmed's last name as Ahmen.

Russia-Ukraine crisis

Ukraine plans to declare a national state of emergency and tells its citizens in Russia to leave

Posted February 23, 2022 at 7:59 AM EST
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy stands at a podium at a press conference Wednesday.
Sergei Supinsky
AFP via Getty Images
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, shown here at a press conference Wednesday, is moving to declare a state of emergency.

Ukraine is moving to declare a national state of emergency, as the country faces the threat of an imminent Russian invasion. The move will clear the way for new measures to boost security -- and to protect Ukraine’s economy.

Ukraine’s foreign ministry is telling any Ukrainians who are in Russia to leave immediately, warning that it won’t be able to offer help or consular services.

Also on Wednesday, the head of Ukraine’s military signed a conscription order calling reservists between the ages of 18 and 60 to service that will extend up to one year.

The moves come one day after Russia’s Federation Council granted President Vladimir Putin the power to deploy Russian military forces outside of its borders. The U.S., EU and their allies are hitting Russia with sanctions in response to Putin’s decision to recognize two Ukrainian territories as independent republics -- and to send troops there.

For the emergency declaration to take effect, it will need to be approved by parliament. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and the National Security and Defense Council agreed to the step during a meeting on Wednesday.

The emergency measures could take a wide range of forms, Ukraine’s security chief, Oleksiy Danilov, said in an announcement on the presidential website. New restrictions could be placed on transportation, and vehicles could face inspections, he said, and people could be required to show identification documents.

Russia-Ukraine crisis

Americans may soon feel the effect of U.S. sanctions on Russia at the gas pump

Posted February 23, 2022 at 7:58 AM EST
President Biden stands at a podium, beneath a large chandelier and in front of an American flag and one with the presidential seal, as he delivers remarks in the White House.
Drew Angerer
Getty Images
President Biden said Tuesday that Russia's decision to move troops into eastern Ukraine marks "the beginning of a Russian invasion."

President Biden said Tuesday that Russia's decision to deploy troops in eastern Ukraine marks "the beginning of a Russian invasion." In response, the U.S. — and its allies — are targeting Russia's financial system as part of a first wave of sanctions.

Hours after the president's remarks, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken canceled a meeting with his Russian counterpart, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, that was supposed to take place later this week. And preliminary plans for a summit between Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin are off now.

"We will not allow Russia to claim the pretense of diplomacy at the same time it accelerates its march down the path of conflict and war," Blinken said.

The U.S. is slapping sanctions on two major Russian financial institutions, several oligarchs and the Russian government's ability to access Western financing.

There is broad public support for those sanctions at the moment, but Americans could soon start feeling the effects at the gas pump.

NPR national political correspondent Mara Liasson and chief economics correspondent Scott Horsley spoke to Morning Edition about the sanctions and the potential economic fallout. Listen here or read on for details.

Biden had promised "swift and severe" consequences to a Russian invasion of Ukraine

The sanctions will block two banks — with more than $80 billion in assets — from doing any business with the U.S. or Europe, as well as lock out Russia's central bank and its government from raising new money from American and European investors. The sanctions also target five Russian elites and their families. The U.S. also worked with Germany to agree to shut down Nord Stream 2, the gas pipeline that would run directly to Russia.

Biden characterized these as the beginning of sanctions — as Russia's movements in Ukraine escalate, so too will the economic consequences. He had earlier promised that the U.S. responses would be "swift and severe."

Are they?

"They're certainly swift; whether they're severe is being debated," Liasson explains. "These aren't the biggest Russian banks or the biggest number of Russian oligarchs."

As for Putin himself, she adds, White House officials say all options are on the table about sanctioning his financial assets. There's also been no sign of banning exports of strategic assets, like semiconductors, to Russia.

The strategy here is to try to deter further Russian action, as the Biden administration has emphasized.

There appears to be domestic support for the White House's response

At this point, Liasson says, there is bipartisan support in Congress and polls indicate that Americans are supportive of these sanctions. But there are also dangers, as Biden warned.

Inflation is already a top political concern for Biden heading into this year's midterm elections, Liasson notes.

She adds that Biden's position is a big jump from that of the administration of President Donald Trump, who was openly admiring of Putin. In fact, Trump said Tuesday on The Clay Travis & Buck Sexton Show radio show that Putin's move in Ukraine was "genius" and called him very savvy and smart.

Americans could soon feel the conflict's impact at the gas pump

While the Biden administration hopes to minimize pain for U.S. consumers, the president acknowledged that retaliatory sanctions may carry a price tag. And consumers are already facing the highest inflation in four decades.

Horsley says the first place we're likely to see the impact is in energy prices, which have been a big factor in inflation.

Russia is a major exporter of both oil and natural gas, and supplies of oil in the world market are already fairly tight. Demand for crude oil has bounced back sharply after a deep slump early in the pandemic, and suppliers have yet to fully catch up.

Biden is urging other oil producers in the U.S. and abroad to boost production, but in the short term, Americans could see higher prices at the gas pump. And gas prices are already up about 20 cents over the last month, Horsley adds.

Europe will likely be harder hit by these disruptions

Natural gas prices have been rising in the U.S., but they're especially high in Europe.

Horsley says Germany did "bite the bullet" when it said Nord Stream 2 can't begin operations, because doing so means that supplies in Europe will remain tight. But it also deprives Russia of what the White House calls a major cash cow.

Russian officials say the country has built up a lot of reserves that will enable it to weather whatever sanctions the U.S. and its allies enact. But, Horsley says, for all of its tanks and nuclear weapons, Russia's economy is pretty small and its trading relationship with the U.S. is very limited.

Europe does about eight times the trading volume that the U.S. does. He says these disruptions will have a more immediate and profound impact on European countries, which have much closer commercial ties to Russia, but over time could make their way to this side of the Atlantic.

Horsley notes that the S&P 500 index fell about 1% on Tuesday and is now in "correction territory," down about 10% from its peak at the beginning of January.

Correction: An earlier version of this post incorrectly said Donald Trump praised Vladimir Putin's actions in Ukraine in a Fox News interview. Trump made the comments on The Clay Travis & Buck Sexton Show radio show.