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Questioning War
Protesters, Many Traditional U.S. Allies Decry Military Action

A South Korean activist shouts anti-war slogans during a rally near the U.S. Embassy in Seoul, April 15, 2003.
A South Korean activist shouts anti-war slogans during a rally near the U.S. Embassy in Seoul, April 15, 2003.
Credit: Reuters Limited © 2003

The U.S.-led advance into Baghdad and other Iraqi cities has taken place against a backdrop of protest in America and around the world. Antiwar sentiment remains a potent and often chaotic political element. Follow NPR coverage of the movement against war in Iraq.

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EU Summit Overshadowed by Anti-War Rallies
As European Union leaders meet in Athens to sign historic treaties bringing in 10 new members, protesters demonstrate against the presence of pro-war leaders. Many Greeks, still bitter about U.S. support for military dictatorships in the 1960s and 70s, condemn the U.S.-led war in Iraq and accuse the United States of trying to control Iraq's oil. Hear John Psaropoulos. April 16, 2003

Both Sides Heard at Washington War Protests
Protesters hit the streets of Washington, D.C., for rival rallies addressing the war in Iraq. One group demonstrated against the war and what it called war profiteering. Another group turned out to support U.S. troops. Hear NPR's Andrea Seabrook. April 12, 2003

Maintaining a Vigil at 'Camp Peace'
In central Berlin, not far from the U.S. Embassy, antiwar protesters have maintained a vigil since the war in Iraq began. In a dispatch for, NPR's Emily Harris reports from "Camp Peace." April 8, 2003

Polls: African-American Community Split over War
Opinion polls show that roughly 70 percent of Americans support the war with Iraq. African-Americans, however, have been more reluctant. One poll shows blacks evenly divided, while another shows a substantial majority opposed. NPR's Ina Jaffe reports. April 4, 2003

Saudi Shiites Wary of U.S. Motives in Iraq
The Shi'a Muslims of Saudi Arabia's eastern province say they are strongly opposed to the American invasion of Iraq, and they don't trust American promises to bring democracy to the country. NPR's Kate Seelye reports. April 4, 2003

Protests Re-Tool to Support Troops, Oppose War
Peace activists shift efforts from trying to prevent war to stopping one under way. With steady support among Americans for the assault on Iraq, activists also look for ways to oppose the war while showing support for the troops who are fighting it. Nancy Solomon reports. March 28, 2003

Arab Protesters Call for End to War in Iraq
Tens of thousands of demonstrators gather in Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon to demand an end to the U.S.-led war in Iraq. Protesters call for a boycott of U.S. and British goods, and accuse the United States of betraying the Arab people. NPR's Michael Sullivan reports. March 28, 2003

War Sours Many Saudis on U.S. Motives
The war in Iraq has turned many Saudi families who once admired the United States into severe critics. Some are openly hoping for an American defeat, fearing an American "colonial" presence in the region. NPR's Kate Seelye reports. March 28, 2003

Conduct of War Raises Ethical Questions
The war in Iraq generates accusations of unethical tactics by both sides, from charges that Iraq is using a hospital as a military base to allegations from Iraq that U.S. missiles have targeted civilians. NPR's Renee Montagne talks with James Johnson, professor of religion and politics at Rutgers, and editor of The Journal of Military Ethics. March 28, 2003

Polls: American Resolve over Iraq Remains Steady
American public opinion shifts as the war enters its second week. New polls show the number of Americans who think the war is going well is down from 70 percent to 38 percent. Still, seven out of 10 Americans remain confident the U.S. made the right decision by invading Iraq. Hear NPR's Michele Norris. March 26, 2003

High School Students Debate War
Around the country, some students express their opposition to war by walking out of class. But at one Los Angeles high school, students gather for lunchtime forums to debate both sides of the war in Iraq. NPR's Ina Jaffe reports. March 23, 2003

Protesters Press for Peace
Anti-war activists around the country take to the streets Saturday, shouting their opposition to the war on Iraq. Others show up to voice support for U.S. policies. In New York City, war protesters march down Broadway, with crowds stretching more than 30 blocks. Large protests are also held in Chicago, Seattle and San Francisco. Hear NPR's Robert Smith. March 23, 2003

Manhattan Marchers Demonstrate Against War
As bombs fall in Iraq, a peace march down Broadway draws a major crowd. The anti-war movement shifts its emphasis from U.N. diplomacy to halting further bloodshed. "We decided we had to keep turning out," says a mother who brought her two small children to the march. "After the first blush of war is over, I think we'll see more people turn out." Hear NPR's Neal Conan and NPR's Robert Smith. March 22, 2003

London Protesters Decry War, Blast Blair
Tens of thousands of anti-war protesters march in London, many calling for British Prime Minister Tony Blair to resign. The demonstration is smaller than marches held before hostilities began, but it's considered the largest war-time peace rally in Britain's history. NPR's Sylvia Poggioli reports. March 22, 2003

Saudis Seek 'Breather' in Iraq Fighting
Saudi Arabia's foreign minister proposes a pause in the U.S.-led assault on Iraq to reconsider political solutions to the conflict. Saud al-Faisal says Saddam Hussein should consider "sacrifices" for the good of his country, hinting that the Iraqi leader should seek exile. But there is no direct offer from Saudi Arabia to take Saddam in. Hear NPR's Scott Simon and NPR's Kate Seelye. March 22, 2003

Egypt, Jordan Move to Contain Violent Anti-War Protests
Anti-war street protests around the Arab world continue to cause concern for the governments of nations friendly to the United States. Violent demonstrations in Egypt and Jordan prompt forceful crackdowns by police. The Egyptian government acknowledges "popular anger" but says only "peaceful" protests will be tolerated. NPR's Michael Sullivan reports. March 22, 2003

Palestinians Protest U.S. Assault
Thousands march in Palestinian territories to protest the war in Iraq. Israeli police also clash with Palestinian demonstrators outside the Al Aqsa Mosque in the Old City of Jerusalem. NPR's Peter Kenyon reports. March 21, 2003

EU Reaches No Agreement on Iraq
European Union leaders wrap-up a two-day summit dominated by the war on Iraq, but the 15 government leaders remain split over their stance on the U.S.-led assault. The summit ends on a note of discord. NPR's Nick Spicer reports. March 21, 2003

Police in California Face Second Day of Protests
Thousands of anti-war protesters turn out again in San Francisco, bearing signs that read "No War for Oil." Hundreds are arrested. Thursday, police arrested 1,600 demonstrators, but most were released within hours. NPR's Richard Gonzales reports. March 21, 2003

Mass Arrests Mark San Francisco War Protests
Thousands of anti-war activists from New York to Seattle take to the streets, shouting their opposition to the war on Iraq. In San Francisco, police arrest more than 1,000 demonstrators. NPR's Richard Gonzales reports. March 21, 2003

Russian Leader Denounces Assault on Iraq
Russian President Vladimir Putin lashes out against the U.S.-led attack on Iraq, denouncing it as a "big political mistake." In a statement made on Russian television, Putin calls for an early end to hostilities, and says there is no justification for the assault. NPR's Lawrence Sheets reports. March 20, 2003

Republicans Assail Daschle for Remarks on Bush
Republicans in Congress are assailing Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD) for saying President Bush "has failed so miserably at diplomacy" in the U.S.-led effort to disarm Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. NPR's David Welna reports. March 19, 2003

Iraq Debate Prompts Media-Bias Charges from Both Sides
Protesters are expected this weekend in Washington, D.C., California and overseas for what's being billed as a last-chance effort to stop a war with Iraq. Anti-war protesters say their views aren't being covered in the news. But supporters of military action say the media is biased against President Bush. NPR's Laura Sydell reports. March 14, 2003

U.S., Iraqi Students Discuss Looming War
Iraqi and U.S. college students hold a conversation by videophone about their day-to-day lives and the looming war. Scott Jagow, from member station WFAE, reports. March 13, 2003

Anti-War Sentiment Grows Among California's Latinos
With more than 23,000 soldiers on active duty, California has the largest Hispanic military population in the United States. Though many Latinos support war with Iraq, anti-war sentiment among this community grows. Alex Cohen of member station KQED reports. March 9, 2003

The History of Celebrities and War
Actors and public figures have been speaking out against the possible war with Iraq through protests, public appearances and advertisements. Historian and archivist J. Fred MacDonald joins NPR's Lynn Neary to talk about the history of celebrities speaking for and against war. March 9, 2003

Carter Urges More Diplomacy on IraqJimmy Carter; Photo: Rick Diamond
The United States should do more to find a peaceful solution to the weapons standoff with Iraq, former President Jimmy Carter says. But, in an interview with NPR's Bob Edwards, Carter says that if Iraq fails to comply with U.N. resolutions, "war would be inevitable." Feb. 25, 2003