B: 1975. Women gained the right to vote in 1920, but women's rights advocates had to fight for many more decades for jury service to be opened to women. Some states had special exemptions allowing women not to serve if they chose -- an option that was not available to men. Other states had laws that required women to register if they did want to serve.

In 1975, the U.S. Supreme Court held that opt-in service for women violated the right to a fairly representative jury. Four years later, the high court ruled that opt-out statutes giving women an automatic exemption were also unconstitutional.

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