Vladimir Putin: a biographical timeline
Oct. 7, 1952
Vladimir V. Putin is born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), the only child of a factory foreman and his wife.
Putin graduates from the law department of Leningrad State University.
Putin joins the KGB's Foreign Intelligence Service.
Putin marries Lyudmila, a specialist in foreign languages. (They now have two teenage daughters, Katya and Masha.)
Putin is assigned to work for the KGB in East Germany.
Putin becomes assistant rector for international affairs at Leningrad State University. He also serves as an adviser to the chairman of the Leningrad City Council.
Putin serves as chairman of the foreign relations committee of the St. Petersburg mayor's office.
Aug. 20, 1991
Putin resigns from the KGB.
Putin serves as first deputy chairman of the St. Petersburg city government and chairman of the committee for external relations.
Putin is transferred to Moscow to work as President Boris Yeltsin's first deputy manager.
Putin becomes Yeltsin's deputy chief of staff in charge of the Main Control Department.
Putin is named presidential first deputy chief of staff in charge of Russian regions.
July 1998 - August 1999
Putin serves as director of the Federal Security Service, a successor agency to the KGB.
March - August 1999
Putin also serves as Russian Security Council secretary.
Putin is appointed prime minister.
Listen to an analysis by Michele Kelemen for All Things Considered. Aug. 16, 1999
Dec. 31, 1999
Yeltsin abruptly resigns, naming Putin acting president pending elections.
March 26, 2000
Putin is elected president of Russia. He wins in the first round, capturing just over 50 percent of the vote.
Listen to a report by Michele Kelemen for Morning Edition. March 27, 2000
During a visit to London -- his first trip to the West since being elected -- Putin defends Russia's war in Chechnya.
Listen to a report by Julie McCarthy for All Things Considered. April 17, 2000
May 7, 2000
Putin is sworn in as Russia's second democratically elected president. "We have a common goal: a strong Russia," he says.
Listen to a report by Charles Maynes for Weekend Edition Sunday. May 7, 2000
Putin holds a summit in Moscow with U.S. President Bill Clinton. The leaders sign two arms control agreements but disagree on U.S. plans for a national missile defense system.
Listen to a report by NPR's Mike Shuster for Morning Edition. June 5, 2000
July 8, 2000
Putin gives his first state of the nation address, expressing concerns about Russia's falling living standards.
Listen to a report by NPR's Michele Kelemen for Weekend Edition Saturday. July 8, 2000
July 18, 2000
Putin and Chinese President Jiang Zemin sign a joint statement opposing U.S. plans to build missile shields over North America and Asia.
Listen to a report by NPR's Rob Gifford for Morning Edition. July 18, 2000
Aug. 12, 2000
The Russian submarine Kursk sinks in the Barents Sea, with a crew of 118 aboard. There are no survivors. Putin says he feels responsible for the accident but denies delays in rescue efforts.
Listen to a report by NPR's Michele Kelemen for All Things Considered. Aug. 23, 2000
Dec. 14, 2000
Putin pardons Edmond Pope, freeing the American from a 20-year prison sentence for espionage.
Listen to a report by NPR's Michele Kelemen for All Things Considered. Dec. 14, 2000
Putin meets in Cuba with Fidel Castro, re-establishing ties between Havana and Moscow that broke down when the Soviet Union collapsed.
Listen to a report by NPR's Tom Gjelten for All Things Considered. Dec. 15, 2000
The United States and Russia expel 50 of each other's diplomats over alleged espionage. Putin downplays the expulsions' effects on bilateral ties.
Listen to a report by NPR's Michele Kelemen for All Things Considered. March 23, 2001
March 28, 2001
Putin announces the biggest Cabinet shakeup since his election. Among the changes, he appoints Russia's first civilian defense minister.
Listen to a report by NPR's Michele Kelemen for All Things Considered. March 28, 2001
The Russian government takes over the NTV television station and cracks down on other independent media outlets. Putin is accused of silencing independent voices.
Listen to Eric Engleman's report for All Things Considered. April 17, 2001
June 16, 2001
Putin, in his first summit with President Bush, says Russia and the United States "are not enemies. They do not threaten each other. And they could be fully good allies."
Listen to NPR's Don Gonyea discuss the Slovenia meeting with Weekend Edition Saturday host Scott Simon. June 16, 2001
July 18, 2001
Putin holds his first formal news conference, where he praises Bush as "sincere."
Listen to a report by NPR's Mike Shuster for All Things Considered. July 18, 2001
Russia pledges to help the U.S. anti-terrorism campaign in the wake of the Sept. 11 attacks. Putin promises increased arms supplies to anti-Taliban forces in Afghanistan.
Listen to a report by NPR's Lawrence Sheets for All Things Considered. Sept. 25, 2001
Nov. 13-15, 2001
Putin, President Bush hold summit meetings in Washington and at Bush's ranch in Crawford, Texas.
Sources: NPR research; official Russian government biography; Putin campaign Web site; Current Biography Yearbook