Next Witness...Please Ever found yourself lost in legal jargon? Fear not! Our mission is to decode complex legal concepts into everyday language, making them accessible to all.Meet your hosts, the dynamic duo known as the Judicial Twins!Retired judge Tom Hodson brings over 50 years of legal expertise as a trial judge, defense attorney, and former Judicial Fellow at the Supreme Court of the United States.Retired judge Gayle William-Byers, with more than two decades of public service as a prosecutor and judge, is now sharing her knowledge as a Judicial Fellow for The National Judicial College and a legal analyst.Join us as we embark on a quest to demystify the legal system and increase your understanding of its complexities.Tune in to "Next Witness... Please" for enlightening discussions, insightful perspectives, and a deeper understanding of the law. Don't miss out – subscribe now and let's unravel the mysteries of the legal world together!
Next Witness...Please

Next Witness...Please

From WOUB Public Media

Ever found yourself lost in legal jargon? Fear not! Our mission is to decode complex legal concepts into everyday language, making them accessible to all.Meet your hosts, the dynamic duo known as the Judicial Twins!Retired judge Tom Hodson brings over 50 years of legal expertise as a trial judge, defense attorney, and former Judicial Fellow at the Supreme Court of the United States.Retired judge Gayle William-Byers, with more than two decades of public service as a prosecutor and judge, is now sharing her knowledge as a Judicial Fellow for The National Judicial College and a legal analyst.Join us as we embark on a quest to demystify the legal system and increase your understanding of its complexities.Tune in to "Next Witness... Please" for enlightening discussions, insightful perspectives, and a deeper understanding of the law. Don't miss out – subscribe now and let's unravel the mysteries of the legal world together!

Most Recent Episodes

Presentence investigations important even in Trump's case

After a guilty verdict and before sentencing of a criminal defendant, the judge usually orders the probation department to conduct a presentence investigation to help guide the judge in sentencing. As in the New York cases against Donald Trump, the probation department will assemble information from numerous sources to prepare a written report for Judge Juan Merchan to use as he prepares to render Trump's sentence on July 11. The presentence report acts as a guide for a judge in decision making. On this edition of "Next Witness...Please," retired judges Gayle Williams-Byers and Tom Hodson break down the elements of a presentence investigation. They explain how the pieces fit together to form a presentence report that is helpful to a judge prior to sentencing. They describe the elements of the investigation and which portions may be the most important to a judge in determining the appropriate sentence to give. Presentence reports generally contain information provided by both the prosecution and the defense in addition to information collected in a defendant interview conducted by the probation officer crafting the report. Presentence reports also may contain "victim impact statements" where a particular victim of the crime may explain to the judge the ramifications of the criminal activity. Judges generally share the written report with the prosecution and the defense before a sentencing hearing so each side can prepare for the hearing. The presentence report, however, is not a public record and it is not available to the news media.

Unmasking Jury Mysteries: Behind the Scenes of Jury Instructions and Deliberations

In this riveting episode of "Next Witness...Please," retired judges Gayle Williams Byers and Tom Hodson take you on an eye-opening journey through the often-misunderstood world of jury instructions and deliberations. Following Donald Trump's conviction on 34 state felony counts in New York, the air is thick with rumors and conspiracy theories about Judge Juan Merchan's jury instructions and the deliberation process. Our hosts tackle these myths head-on, breaking down the intricacies of jury instructions in plain English. Discover how these critical guidelines are crafted by judges, delivered to juries, and tailored to fit the legal landscapes of different states. The Judicial Twins delve into the pivotal role jury instructions play in shaping deliberations. Though the inner workings of jury deliberations are shrouded in secrecy, Jude Gayle and Judge Tom pull back the curtain, sharing invaluable insights gleaned from decades of post-trial discussions with jurors. Gain a unique perspective on the sanctity and secrecy of the jury process from two seasoned judges who have spent their careers in the courtroom trenches. This episode is your backstage pass to understanding the vital yet often enigmatic role of jury instructions in our justice system. Don't miss it!

Unmasking Jury Mysteries: Behind the Scenes of Jury Instructions and Deliberations

Why so many motions in criminal cases and what's so important about closing arguments?

This episode of "Next Witness...Please" dives into different kinds of motions filed by defendants in criminal cases and why they are so important. Retired judges Tom Hodson and Gayle Williams-Byers guide you through the strategies behind filing "pre-trial" and "during trial" motions in a criminal case. They talk about motions in limine, motions to suppress evidence, motions for mistrials and motions to acquit. They also unfold some of the mysteries and strategies behind closing arguments for both the prosecution and the defense. How important are closing arguments anyway? Do they really help guide juries to a verdict? Are closing arguments just food for attorney egos or are they really critical to jury decision making? Listen and find out.

Why so many motions in criminal cases and what's so important about closing arguments?

Burdens of Proof and Examining Witnesses Explained Next Witness... Please with the "Judicial Twins"

Join us as we unravel the complexities of burdens of proof and witness examination, guided by our seasoned experts - the "Judicial Twins." With the New York trial of Donald Trump drawing to a close, it's prime time to explore the intricacies of criminal and civil cases, along with equity matters. From the formidable standard of "proof beyond a reasonable doubt" to the more straightforward "preponderance," we'll demystify it all with real-world examples. Tune in as we navigate the terrain of "clear and convincing evidence" and "probable cause." And don't miss our retired judges, Gayle Williams-Byers and Tom Hodson, as they illuminate the differences between direct examination, cross-examination, and re-direct, providing invaluable insights into crafting a trial's narrative. Don't miss this enlightening episode! #NextWitness #LegalInsights #CourtroomExposé

Burdens of Proof and Examining Witnesses Explained Next Witness... Please with the "Judicial Twins"

Unveiling Trump's Trial: Jury Selection, Opening Statements, and Contempt Explained.

Join us on "Next Witness... Please" for an exclusive deep dive into the high-profile Trump New York trial, where jury selection, opening statements, and contempt hearings have taken center stage. Led by the dynamic 'Judicial Twins,' retired judges Gayle Williams-Byers and Tom Hodson, this episode serves as your guide to understanding the legal intricacies of the case. Discover how jury selection unfolds, including the tactics used by counsel and the court to dismiss potential jurors. Contrary to public perception, learn from the experts that each side has only a limited number of 'peremptory challenges' or 'strikes.' Delve into the art of crafting persuasive opening statements, as the judges humorously decode the strategies behind outlining evidence for the jury's consideration. Finally, gain insight into contempt proceedings and gag orders, as the judicial duo translates complex legal concepts into everyday language. Follow along as Judge Juan Merchan navigates the proceedings, ensuring you're well-equipped to understand every twist and turn of the trial. Don't miss out on this enlightening episode of "Next Witness... Please" – tune in now and clear the legal fog of Trump's trial.

Unveiling Trump's Trial: Jury Selection, Opening Statements, and Contempt Explained.

Introducing "Next Witness... Please" with the "Judicial Twins"

Hello everyone! We're thrilled to invite you to join us on a captivating journey through the legal world with our brand-new podcast, "Next Witness... Please," produced by WOUB Public Media. Ever found yourself lost in legal jargon? Fear not! Our mission is to decode complex legal concepts into everyday language, making them accessible to all. Meet your hosts, the dynamic duo known as the Judicial Twins! Retired judge Tom Hodson brings over 50 years of legal expertise as a trial judge, defense attorney, and former Judicial Fellow at the Supreme Court of the United States. Retired judge Gayle William-Byers, with more than two decades of public service as a prosecutor and judge, is now sharing her knowledge as a Judicial Fellow for The National Judicial College and a legal analyst. Join us as we embark on a quest to demystify the legal system and increase your understanding of its complexities. Tune in to "Next Witness... Please" for enlightening discussions, insightful perspectives, and a deeper understanding of the law. Don't miss out – subscribe now and let's unravel the mysteries of the legal world together!