Beyond the Fence A weekly show exploring indigenous peoples, sovereignty, and militarization in Guam and the Pacific.
Beyond the Fence

Beyond the Fence

From Public Radio Guam KPRG 89.3

A weekly show exploring indigenous peoples, sovereignty, and militarization in Guam and the Pacific.

Most Recent Episodes

Ep. 253 "Lina'la, i Hanom (Water is Life): Guåhan Stands with Standing Rock"

Ep. 253 "Lina'la, i Hanom (Water is Life): Guåhan Stands with Standing Rock" (hosted by Moñeka De Oro and produced by Tom Maxedon) airs 12/16/16. In solidarity with the 'water protectors' of Standing Rock in North Dakota, a women-led group of concerned Guåhan citizens is hosting a series of Lina'la, i Hanom (Water is Life) local fundraising events this month. A community wave was held December 9 at Kepuha Loop in Hagatna followed the next morning with a prayer ceremony at the Guam National Wildlife Refuge in Ritidian, adjacent to Anderson Air Force Base. Tomorrow, December17, a live music and art action will be held from 2-6 p.m. at Sagan Kotturu CHamoru, Ypao Point, Tamuning. These events are intended to offer prayers for the continued protection of Standing Rock and all native lands and waters everywhere, and to raise funds for the legal fees incurred fighting the pipeline. Funds will also be donated to support the Oceti Sakowin Camp at Standing Rock. The Dakota Access Pipeline protests, started in early 2016, has grown into the thousands, drawing support from Native Americans from across the continent and the Pacific, as well as activists who joined in solidarity to protest the proposed route of the 1,172-mile pipeline. If constructed, the pipeline would threaten the water supply, destroy ancestral lands, and have harmful impacts on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation. Last week these prayerful protests won a concession from the federal government: The Army Corps of Engineers announced it would deny the permit necessary to build the oil pipeline in that area and recommended that an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) be conducted to explore alternate routes for the pipeline. Now, with the onset of winter, the chairman of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe in North Dakota is asking people camping near the route to go home. However, the 'water protectors' wish to maintain a sustainable community at the camp.The movement in Guam and the Northern Marianas to protect ancestral CHamoru lands and waters from the damaging effects of the military buildup is viewed as connected with the movement at Standing Rock; both movements share concerns about the viability of National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the EIS process under a Trump administration. This 30 minute episode features audio clips featuring Victoria-Lola Leon Guerrero, and chants performed by Ininan I Sainata, Irensia Taotao Tåno and Taotao Lagu at the December 10 Lina'la, i Hanom (Water is Life) prayer ceremony event recorded for this program and brief interviews with Cali Fejerang and Crystal Gingras.

Ep. 253 "Lina'la, i Hanom (Water is Life): Guåhan Stands with Standing Rock"

Ep. 252 "Study Abroad through iSchool Guam: Oral Traditions, Knowledge and Science"

Ep. 252 "Study Abroad through iSchool Guam: Oral Traditions, Knowledge and Science" (hosted by Dr. Vivian Dames and produced by Tom Maxedon) airs 12/2/16. From August 25-September 18, a diverse group of eight undergraduate and graduate students were in Guam for a five credit three week introductory course to indigenous knowledge systems and the oral traditions of Pacific Islanders offered for the first time by the University of Washington, School of Information. Through lectures, readings, discussions, field visits and Chamorro and cultural activities, these students explored the concept of information within oral traditions and the relationship to contemporary notions of knowledge and science. The first half of this episode features an interview (recorded 9/19) with the course professor, Dr. Sheryl Day, who completed her undergraduate and graduate degrees at the University of Washington and is now a senior instructor and researcher interested in the relationship of people, information, and technology. She was born and raised in Guam and is part of a growing diaspora of Chamorro academics contributing to scholarship on indigenous methodologies. She discusses her personal and academic background, her dissertation entitled "Talking Story: The Militarization of Guahan and Flows of Information in Chamoru Systems of Knowledge" and the backstory to this iSchool Guam study abroad course. This is followed in the second half by the commentaries (recorded 9/17) of the three graduate students who participated in this course: Nikki Andrews, Maori from New Zealand, who is studying Library Science; Angie Lyons, who is interested in digital communication and the empowerment of nonprofit organizations who work with economically 'disprivileged' communities; and Annie Tucker, a former Peace Corps volunteer with a family legacy of military service. Each shares her personal background in relationship to 'the fence', motivation for taking this course, highlights of the Guam experience, and the focus of her final class presentation. As a framework for discussing Chamoru decolonization projects, students drew from the book, Decolonizing Methdologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples by Linda Tuhiwai Smith, a professor of indigenous education at the University of Waikato in New Zealand.This episode concludes with a Chamorro spiritual chant I Fa'fa'na'gue-ta honoring a teacher of traditional arts, performed by the I Fanlalai'an Chant Group.

Ep. 252 "Study Abroad through iSchool Guam: Oral Traditions, Knowledge and Science"

Ep. 249 "One Thousand Paper Cranes and Other Actions for Peace"

Ep. 249 "One Thousand Paper Cranes and Other Actions for Peace" (hosted by Dr. Vivian Dames and produced by Tom Maxedon with assistance from Alan Grossman and Robert Wang) was recorded 7/31/16 and airs 9/2/16. This episode begins with a short presentation made by 10 year old Maria Jessica Schwab to her fifth grade class at St Francis Catholic School on Guam about the book entitled Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes (1977) by American-Canadian author Eleanor Coerr. This story is based on the letters of a girl who was two years old when she survived the horrific atomic bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 but died ten years later of leukemia caused by the radiation. This is followed by my interview with another Hibakusha, or victim of the atomic bombing. Hideko Tamura-Snider is a retired social worker who worked in the field of child welfare and mental health in the United States for forty years dealing with issues related to trauma, loss, grief and healing. Since 1979 she has been appearing before professional organizations, university classes, and community groups across the United States and in her native Japan, telling her story and encouraging people of all cultures and nations to examine the consequences of the use of nuclear weapons and to work toward peace and nuclear nonproliferation. She has authored a memoir One Sunny Day (1996) and a children's picture book When a Peace Tree Blooms (2014). In 2007 she founded One Sunny Day Initiatives to educate people about the consequences of the use of nuclear weapons and to plant seeds of peace, hope and reconciliation through educational presentations and cultural exchange programs. In 2013, she was honored by appointment as Peace Ambassador for the City of Hiroshima. From 12/23/15~1/5/16, she visited for the first time the islands of Saipan and Tinian, the launching point for the atomic bomb attacks against Japan (see http://www.saipantribune.com/index.php/hiroshima-bombing-survivor-advocates-for-peace/). In the second half, I speak with Arthur 'AJ' Taimanglo and Raymond Lujan, sons of Chamorro men who served in the U.S. Marine Corps, who have represented Guam at events in Japan to remember the atomic bombings and to promote solidarity and peace. These events are sponsored by Gensuikyo (Japan Council Against A and H Bombs) which was established in September 1955. Since then it has waged various kinds of campaigns for: the prevention of nuclear war; the total ban on and the elimination of nuclear weapons; and support and solidarity with Hibakusha. The council's founding followed the first World Conference against A & H Bombs, held in August of the same year in the wake of the U.S. hydrogen bomb testing in the Marshall Islands. AJ Taimanglo first visited Japan as a cultural exchange student while in middle school. In 2014 he returned as one of seven international delegates to participate in the nationwide anti-nuclear Peace March. This annual 90 day relay began in 1958 and covers all 47 prefectures using 11 main routes. The other delegates were from Japan, the Philippines, India, and the United States. At that time AJ was a social work student at the University of Guam. He is currently a social worker at Catholic Social Services working with the elderly and adults with disabilities who have encountered some form of abuse. Ray Lujan was also in middle school when he first visited Japan as a Junior Peace Ambassador for the Asia-Pacific Children's Convention. He recently returned from representing Guam at the 2016 Peace March, as well as the World Conference Against A and H Bombs held August 2-9 in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He chaired two breakout sessions at this conference and also toured the Japan Red Cross A Bomb Hospital in Hiroshima. He is currently a social work senior at the University of Guam and a practicum student at the I Famaguon-ta Program at the Guam Behavioral Health and Wellness Center where he works with at-risk children and youth and their families. This episode includes the musical selection "Thousand Cranes" by Hiroshima, an American-Asian jazz fusion band, as well as a CNN audio clip by Will Ripley about President Obama's May 27, 2016 visit to Hiroshima.

Ep. 248 "Decolonizing Oceania and the Festival of the Pacific Arts"

Ep. 248 "Decolonizing Oceania and the Festival of the Pacific Arts" (hosted by Dr. Tiara Naputi and produced by Tom Maxedon with assistance from Alan Grossman) airs 7/15/16. This episode is dedicated to the late Eddie "Uncle Ed" Leon Guerrero Benavente, a Chamoru rights activist and longtime supporter for the decolonization of Guåhan, who passed away on July 6, 2016. This episode features commentary from Chamorus who discuss the issue of decolonization at the 12th Festival of the Pacific Arts, hosted by Guåhan from May 22-June 4, 2016. The festival's theme, "Håfa Iyo-ta, Håfa Guinahå-ta, Håfa Ta Påtte, Dinanña' Sunidu Siha Giya Pasifiku" or "What We Own, What We Have, What We Share, United Voices of the Pacific" provided an opportunity to consider the shared histories and contemporary realities throughout Oceania. Commentary is provided by six of the twelve Guåhan delegates who staged a strategic action during the Festival's closing ceremony on Saturday, June 4th calling for unity across Oceania. Standing in solidarity with the decolonization struggle of other indigenous communities throughout Oceania (especially the Kanak, Kanaka Maoli, West Papuans, and Rapa Nui), these delegates unfurled their wraps as banners that carried the message "Decolonize Oceania" and "Free Guåhan." They share their stories, describe their roles in this political action, and discuss how decolonization was woven throughout FestPac in various ways: • Desiree Taimanglo Ventura • Victoria-Lola Leon Guerrero • Kisha Borja-Quichocho-Calvo • Kenneth Gofigan Kuper • Monaeka Flores • Joseph Certeza This episode also includes an interview with Monica Guzman, the Programming Chair for the 2016 Festival of the Pacific Arts, who shares her response to this strategic action at the closing ceremony, and broader political issues addressed at the festival. For related commentary published in the Pacific Daily News written by Kisha Borja-Quichocho- Calvo, "Political Statement at FestPac Necessary" (June 9, 2016) and by Victoria-Lola Leon Guerrero and Michael Lujan Bevacqua, "We Deserve to be Free" (June 19, 2016), go to: https://www.facebook.com/beyondthefencekprg/ . Additionally, a short film is being produced by the Independence for Guam Task Force to share the story behind the strategic action that took place at the closing ceremony. To view some information about this film (anticipated for release in September 2016), go to: https://www.facebook.com/1768523633376324/videos/1798543663707654/ Guest host Tiara Naputi (Ph.D. The University of Texas-Austin) is a member of the Chamoru diaspora whose interdisciplinary work focuses on indigenous studies, rhetoric and cultural studies. She is an assistant professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Colorado-Boulder

Ep. 247 "The PROMESA and the Colonial Crisis in Puerto Rico"

Ep. 247 "The PROMESA and the Colonial Crisis in Puerto Rico" (hosted by Dr. Michael Lujan Bevacqua and produced by Tom Maxedon with assistance from Alan Grossman) was recorded 6/2/16 in Managua, Nicaragua and airs 7/1/16. This episode features an in-person interview with Wilma E. Reverón-Collazo, an internationally recognized human rights activist and attorney practicing employment, civil rights, and family law in Puerto Rico. In recent weeks the news of an economic crisis in Puerto Rico [...]

Ep. 246 "A Tribute to Daniel Berrigan: Prophet of Peace ...and More"

Ep. 246 "A Tribute to Daniel Berrigan: Prophet of Peace ...and More" (hosted by Francis X. Hezel and produced by Tom Maxedon with assistance from Alan Grossman and Robert Wang) airs 6/24/16. Father Daniel Berrigan—American Jesuit priest, poet, author, teacher, anti-war activist, prophet, controversial figure—died April 30, just nine days shy of his 95thbirthday. Berrigan made his first mark on the nation in the [...]

Ep. 244 "Our Pasts Before Us: Militarization in the Marianas"

Ep. 244 "Our Pasts Before Us: Militarization in the Marianas" hosted by Dr. Lisa Linda Natividad and produced by Tom Maxedon with assistance from Alan Grossman) was recorded 5/20/16 and airs 5/27/16. This episode features three Chamorro scholars who discuss "Militarization in the Marianas", a panel presentation at the 22nd Pacific History Conference held May 19-21 at the Hyatt Hotel in Tumon, Guam. This year's conference theme "Mo'na: Our Pasts Before Us" calls for an examination of the past to learn how this has shaped the present and may etch the future. This biennial conference brought together about 275 participants representing 21 countries and Guam [for more conference details, go to:

Ep. 243 "Guahan, Vieques (Puerto Rico), and Hawai'i: Island Relationalities and Feminist D...

Ep. 243 "Guahan, Vieques (Puerto Rico), and Hawai'i: Island Relationalities and Feminist Demilitarization Movements"(hosted by Dr. Lisa Linda Natividad and produced by Tom Maxedon with assistance from Alan Grossman and Robert Wang) was recorded 5/16/16 and airs 5/20/16. Program guest is Ms. Rebekah Garrison, a PhD candidate in American Studies and Ethnicity, University of Southern California (USC). Her dissertation research in progress is a comparative examination of how female Indigenous activists on Guahan, Vieques (Puerto Rico) and Hawaiʻi, link the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea through demilitarization, as the core of their social movements. Vieques is an island in Puerto Rico that the U.S. Department of Defense used as a site for bomb testing and training between 1941 and 2003. Kaho'olawe in the Hawaiian Island chain was also used for similar purposes from 1941 thru 1990, which ended as a result of actions and litigation brought by the Protect Kaho'olawe' Ohana (PKO). Through a decolonial framework, Rebekah examines community mobilizations that resulted in the expulsion of the US military and its allies from Kahoʻolawe, Hawaii in 1990 and Vieques, Puerto Rico in 2003. She is on Guahan for extended fieldwork to explore demilitarization tactics within the contemporary Mariana Islands. Using a combination of archival research, interviews, and participant observation, she attempts to write a history of "island relationality", wherein she uses an alternative approach to the singular study of islands and instead, demilitarizes colonial cartographies for comparative analysis. Rebekah focuses on the International Women's Network Against Militarism (IWNAM), and examines how members of this organization construct their own decolonial theorizations of geography. By creating a network of relations, participants redefine the parameters of thinking through islands as comparative units. In her research, she articulates how the histories of Kahoʻolawe and Vieques circulate within Guahan and cognitively map decolonial forms of island relational experiences between Pacific and Caribbean islands. The IWNAM provides a new discourse regarding the ways in which female indigenous activists across multiple islands mobilize solidarity, disrupting histories of colonialism while also imagining a future free of US military imposition. Music selection: Canción para Vieques (Song for Vieques) performed by various artists. Dr. Lisa Linda Natividad is an associate professor of social work at the University of Guam. She is also the organizer and chair of the Guahan Coalition of Peace and Justice, a member organization of IWNAM. She is serving as interim coordinator for Beyond the Fence.

Ep. 243 "Guahan, Vieques (Puerto Rico), and Hawai'i: Island Relationalities and Feminist D...

Ep. 242 "Motherhood and Activism through Publication"

Ep. 242 "Motherhood and Activism through Publication" (hosted by Desiree Taimanglo Ventura and produced by Tom Maxedon with assistance from Alan Grossman) was recorded 4/29/16 and airs 5/6/16. In celebration of Mother's Day (May , this episode features conversations with three creative Chamoru mothers who seek to preserve their indigenous language and culture through education, community action, and publication. They discuss the challenges of balancing motherhood and activism, their efforts in the classroom to promote awareness [...]

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